Ron Radosh: Claire Berlinski on Soviet Espionage: A Misleading Article Appears in City Journal
[Ronald Radosh is an Adjunct Senior Fellow at The Hudson Institute, and a Prof. Emeritus of History at the City University of New York, Queensborough Community College.]
A few days ago, City Journal posted an important article on its website. It was written by Claire Berlinski, an American journalist who lives in Istanbul, and titled “A Hidden History of Evil: Why doesn’t anyone care about the unread Soviet archives?” We all know that since the fall of Communism, the world’s response to Soviet totalitarianism was quite different than that which occurred after the end of Nazism in 1945. The Nuremberg trials put the leaders of the defunct Third Reich on trial for war crimes, and in so doing, told the world the extent of how the entire Hitler regime was based on illegality, murder, genocide, and criminal behavior. Berlinski writes:
In the world’s collective consciousness, the word “Nazi” is synonymous with evil. It is widely understood that the Nazis’ ideology—nationalism, anti-Semitism, the autarkic ethnic state, the Führer principle—led directly to the furnaces of Auschwitz. It is not nearly as well understood that Communism led just as inexorably, everywhere on the globe where it was applied, to starvation, torture, and slave-labor camps. Nor is it widely acknowledged that Communism was responsible for the deaths of some 150 million human beings during the twentieth century. The world remains inexplicably indifferent and uncurious about the deadliest ideology in history....
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Arnold Shcherban - 5/23/2010
Communism and Nazism and theory and practice were sworn and principal (not momentous) enemies.
Communism denies private capital rights in principle, Nazism has grown on and was strongly supported by private capital (small and big) and supported private capital, as long as the capitalists supported Nazi Pan-German cause.
Nazism, even in theory, is largely based on the premise
of racial and national superiority of Arian people and calls for either physical extermination or enslaving of the "inferior" races and social groups, while Communism is in theory based on the principles of internationalism, social and economic equality of all people, regardless of their race and the background.
Nazism has declared Communism/Bolshevism the worst and the main enemy of German people and Western civilization, along and in close association with Jewish threat and Christianity (see the Bible of Nazism - "Mein Kamph".)
Non-Jewish communists and socialists were the first victims (in propagandist,legal, and physical sense) of Nazis, even before Hitler was elected Reich's Chancellor.
On the other hand the former were the first or among the first to warn European public about the deadly threat of Nazism, as well as definitively the first to actually FIGHT fascism and the Nazi war machine in Spain, sacrificing their lives in that fight, while all other European and American political parties, including so-called "liberals" were either doing nothing or even supporting Spanish, Italian fascists, and their Nazi friends by propaganda means.
It is therefore, not coincidental, and comes as no surprise that many modern representatives, of the so-called Western Civilization (as if the latter does not include French revolutions, the teachings of great German philosophers, such as Hegel, Engels, Marx, Hess, Duhring, and some others) go to all extremes to equate Communism and Nazism, stressing their non-essential, ahistorically viewed similarities while denying their
cardinal differences, which are no less than antagonisms.
Arnold Shcherban - 5/20/2010
The first was noble and humane in theory, but but mostly cruel in practice; the last - inhumane and cruel in both theory and practice.
But, perhaps, the main difference between the two regimes and ideologies was that while the first produced many positive and radical changes (along with evil deeds) among the multiple nationalities and ethnic groups leaving under it, the last produced mainly hatred, war, death, and destruction.