Florida's 1836 Seminole Indian Raids
In 1836, a war party burned 21 plantations along the St. Johns River,making off with hundreds of slaves and permanently crippling the North Florida sugar industry. For more than 150 years, most historians believed only Seminole Indians and their free black allies conducted the raids. But a growing, if controversial, body of research points toward a conspiracy between the black warriors -- known as Black Seminoles or maroons -- and the plantation slaves. That would make North Florida the locus for the largest mass slave uprising in U.S. history.
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J.B. Bird - 8/15/2005
I believe based on the most credible sources from 1836 that the Black Seminole maroons led these raids of plantations with Seminole Indians, and probably (the military sources believed) were more instrumental than the Indians in the coordinated attacks on slave plantations. Also, the slaves themselves helped plan and execute the attacks on the plantations and then liberated themselves, making this the largest slave revolt in U.S. history.
Interested to hear what others think.
It's amazing the scope and facts of this rebellion have largely eluded academic history.