Magnus Malan, South Africa's ex-defence chief, dies
Magnus Malan, the defence minister who led apartheid South Africa's resistance to black rule, has died aged 81.
He led the white minority government's "total onslaught" strategy.
This included bombing southern African countries which supported the overthrow of apartheid and declaring a state of emergency in South Africa to end pro-democracy protests.
He became the first minister to go on trial for apartheid-era atrocities but was acquitted in 1996.
Gen Malan served as defence minister for 11 years until 1991, when then-President FW de Klerk removed him under pressure from Nelson Mandela.
Mr Mandela accused Gen Malan of setting up hit squads to kill ANC activists and destabilise South Africa ahead of democratic elections.
These took place in 1994, with the ANC winning a landslide and Mr Mandela becoming South Africa's first black president....
comments powered by Disqus
- David Rosand, an Art History Scholar Whose Heart Was in Venice, Dies at 75
- NYT interviews Rick Perlstein about his book
- OAH issues a statement in support of the AP standards
- Daniel Pipes says in interview that the absence of anti-Israel protests in Muslim countries is highly significant
- A historian who studies China has discovered an overlooked angle in the debate about the Middle East. Could he have figured out a key reason for Iraq’s failure to defeat ISIS?