The Newest Indians (But Who Qualifies?)
More and more people are claiming to have discovered their indigenous ancestries. But what, exactly, makes someone a Native American?
On a crisp morning in March at the Jaycee Fairgrounds near Jasper, Ala., the powwow was stirring. Amid pickups with bumper stickers reading ''Native Pride'' and ''The earth does not belong to us. We belong to the earth,'' small groups gathered to check out the booths selling Indian rugs, dancing sticks, homemade knives and genealogy books. On one side, under her camper's tarp, sat Wynona Morgan, a middle-aged woman wearing a modestly embroidered Indian smock and some jewelry. Morgan had only recently discovered her Indian heritage, but, she said, in some ways she had known who she was for years. ''My grandmother always told me that she came from Indians,'' Morgan told me. She is now a member of one of the groups meeting here in Jasper, the Cherokee Tribe of Northeast Alabama, which itself is new, having organized under that name in 1997. The tribe is committed to telling its story, in part through an R.V. campground named Cedar Winds that will eventually expand to include an ''authentic, working Cherokee Indian Village.''
''The only real proof we had that we were Indian was this stub,'' Morgan went on to say. She had brought along a copy of a century-old receipt entitling an ancestor to receive some money from the United States government for being an Indian. With the help of an amateur genealogist named Bryan Hickman, Morgan was able to connect her line to its Indian roots, and she began to raise her son, Jo-Jo, as a Native American. She was particularly proud of Jo-Jo; only a teenager, Jo-Jo had been chosen to serve as honorary headman and lead the grand entry just after the grass dancers performed later that afternoon.
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Paul Alfred Barton - 9/3/2007
The first and original/aboriginal people of the Americas were not 'Mongoloid' American 'Indians.' The original people were three branches of the Pan-Negro race:
Pygmoids/Kung-San (the Kung-San gene is called 'Cde' and about 20-30 percent of Navajo genes is Cde from the Kung-San 'Bushman' who are in fact 100 percent African Negro. The Kung-San may have been in the Americas as early as 75,000 B.C.
The other group are the Negroid (African type/robust). That group arrived in the Americas about 50,000 to 30,000 years ago and continuously up to the 1500's. (see 'Luiza Skull' http://www.nationalgeographic.com also see the various pictures here http://blackmalepowermovement.forumsland.com )
That group of Blacks also made a sea voyage from the Sahara about 30,000 years ago, again about 15,000 years ago. (That group of Africans is said to CONNECTED WITH THE 'CLOVIS POINT' PEOPLE - See 'The Gladwin Thesis," by CS Gladwin, McGraw Hill; 1947: Also see 'A History of the African-Olmecs," http://www.authorhouse.com ). ACCORDING TO DOCUMENTATION -- 'Meci' of West Africa sailed to the Americas (Mexico) in 8 ships with African people and provisions. He settled in Veracruz in the year 3113 B.C. -- THAT DATE IS AN IMPORTANT HOLIDAY TO SOME AFRICAN-AMERICAN, AFRO-MEXICANS, AFRO-SOUTH AMERICANS whose origins are in Nigeria and other parts of West Africa.
The Negro-Australoid also arrived about 50,000 to 30,000 years ago. Negro-Australoids are Blacks of African origins who resemble groups like the Tibbou, Anuak and others of East Africa. They also resemble Australian Aborigines and Black 'Tribals' of South India and the Mountains. Negro-Australoids are in fact Negroes with curly/wavy hair.
The first Mongoloid people to arrive in the Americas, according to the GLADWIN THESIS, by CS Gladwin ( See, "A History of the African-Olmecs," pub. by http://www.authorhouse.com and also http://www.myspace.com/bestsellingbooks )
The Algonquin tribes began to migrate from North-East Asia about 2000 BC. One very surprising similarity between American Indians and the East Asians is that some tribal 'reindeer-herders' in Korea build the same exact type of 'teepee' that plains Indians build. They also have a similar culture.
THE PRESENCE AND OWNERSHIP OF LARGE AMOUNTS OF LAND BY BLACK NATIONS IN THE AMERICAS IS HISTORICAL RECORD.
The last war in California was fought between the Black Californians and the Settlers. About the late 1800's, the Black Californians were pacified after 300 years of war, first with the Spanish, the the Mexican-Spanish, then the Anglo-Saxon settlers.
Here are some pictures
SO, THESE ARE THE FACTS ABOUT THE OCCUPATION OF THE AMERICAS -- THE BLACK/NEGRO RACE WERE IN MANY PARTS THE AMERICAS BEFORE ANY OTHER PEOPLE.