On Other Websites: Archives January 2003 through February 2003





NEW EFFORTS TO RECOVER NAZI PLUNDER
Museums seeking to recover artwork stolen by the Germans during the Nazi period are now using the Internet to post listings of works.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/02/27/arts/design/27LOOT.html

INTERVIEW WITH SEYMOUR HERSH ABOUT AFGHANISTAN
Hersh: Musarraf lied to U.S. about Danny Pearl; Pakistan secretly arranged for escape of thousands of al qaeda soldiers during Afghan War through an airlift.
http://www.pbs.org/now/transcript/transcript_hersh.html

EVIDENCE OF CAMPAIGN FINANCE CORRUPTION
Internal documents from the Republican and Democratic parties subpoenaed in lawsuit involving McCain/Feingold seem to confirm wink and nod corruption.
http://www.reason.com/0303/fe.jm.disarming.shtml

HATING LINCOLN (NPR)
Lincoln biographer Allen Guelzo ponders why Lincoln, acclaimed as one of America's greatest presidents, is hated by so many.
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=1165291

JOYCE MALCOLM: SUMMARIZES THE BELLESILES CASE
Malcolm, one of the first to criticize Bellesiles's misuse of evidence, now provides one of the last reviews.
http://www.reason.com/0303/fe.jm.disarming.shtml

DUBOIS
In The Souls of Black Folk, WEB Du Bois combined history, philosophy and music in an attempt to combat racism. To mark the book's centenary, Stuart Hall celebrates a radical American.
http://books.guardian.co.uk/departments/classics/story/0,6000,900405,00.html

POPE PIUS XII AND THE JEWS
http://hnn.us/comments/8774.html

HISTORIANS RALLYING TO SAVE ANCIENT TREASURES OF MESOPOTAMIA FROM DESTRUCTION IN EVENT OF AN IRAQ WAR
http://hnn.us/comments/8803.html

HISTORIANS DEBATE IRAQ (Guardian)
Ian Kershaw, Simon Schama, Andrew Roberts, Linda Colley, Eric Hobsbawm, Richard Evans, Avi Schlaim, Paul Kennedy, Michael Burleigh, Norman Davies, Richard Overy.
http://hnn.us/comments/8816.html

WHAT KIND OF EMPIRE?
Martin Walker in the Wilson Quarterly.
http://wwics.si.edu/index.cfm?fuseaction=wq.essay&essay_id=17298

HISTORY OF THE FLAG AS RALLYING SYMBOL (COMMONPLACE.ORG)
http://www.common-place.org/vol-03/no-02/bonner/

ROGER WILKINS AND ROBERT DALLEK: CIVIL RIGHTS RECORDS OF RECENT PRESIDENTS
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=1165781

LAW PROF: REPARATIONS FOR SLAVERY WON'T WORK
http://jurist.law.pitt.edu/forum/forumnew78.php

HOW'S BUSH DOING? GOODWIN, GERGEN, DALLEK
http://hnn.us/comments/8575.html

LEWIS & CLARK: HOW YORK CHANGED
http://hnn.us/comments/8572.html

WHY I AM A BAD HISTORIAN
Australia's controversial historian, Keith Windschuttle, explains why he still believes in getting facts right.
http://hnn.us/comments/8558.html

WHAT IF'S OF HISTORY (NPR)
Interviews with Robert Cowley (of MHQ); Victor Davis Hanson; Lance Morrow
http://hnn.us/comments/8557.html

PRESIDENTIAL RHETORIC AT TIMES OF CRISES (CNN)
Clips from presidential speeches during crises.
http://hnn.us/comments/8556.html

LINCOLN'S GREATEST SPEECH (NPR)
Interview with Ronald White, author of Lincoln's Greatest Speech (the 2nd Inaugural).
http://truthout.org/docs_02/021603F.htm

ORIGINS OF VALENTINES DAY

http://www.sun-herald.com/NewsArchive2/021403/tp2ch16.htm?date=021403&story=tp2ch16.htm

REPARATIONS LAWSUIT FILED IN DALLAS
The lawsuit reads more like a lesson in black history than it does a class action in federal court.
http://www.dallasobserver.com/issues/2003-02-13/news.html/1/index.html

TEACHING ABOUT SLAVERY (NPR)
Slavery may have ended close to 135 years ago, but the way we tell the story of slavery is still a work in progress.
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=995144

SENATOR BYRD'S REMONSTRANCE TO THE SENATE
http://truthout.org/docs_02/021603F.htm

ENOUGH WITH THE HITLER ANALOGIES (Guardian)
http://hnn.us/comments/8408.html

IS MCDONALDS STANDARDIZATION THE WAVE OF THE FUTURE? REALLY?
Is McDonalds still invincible? Or will regionalism make a come back?
http://hnn.us/comments/8389.html

THE WATCHDOG FOR ANTI-ISRAELI BIAS IN THE MEDIA
Blaming the messenger when the pro-israeli group camera sees news from the Middle East that it deems unfair or wrong, it targets the media.
http://hnn.us/comments/8390.html

HISTORY'S CRISIS OF AUTHORITY
Continuing heated debate on Australia's early black-white conflicts is highlighting something else: that our historians are having a" crisis of authority."
http://hnn.us/comments/8402.html

PUSHKIN WAS DESCENDED FROM AN AFRICAN SLAVE
http://hnn.us/comments/8404.html

INTERVIEW WITH JOHN LUKACS
http://www.neh.fed.us/news/humanities/2003-01/democraticage.html

NIXON TAPED TALKS 'FOR HISTORY,' EX-AIDE SAYS
President Nixon had no sinister purpose when he had six microphones installed in his Oval Office desk, the former aide who revealed the existence of the recordings said at a Boston conference on presidential tapes."It was simply for history," he explained.
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-briefs17.2feb17,1,350849.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dnation

A GRIM ACCOUNT OF ANTI-SEMITISM AND ITS ORIGINS
Book review of Anti-Semitism: Myth and Hate From Antiquity to the Present, written by historians Marvin Perry and Frederick M. Schweitzer. Tracing some 2,000 years of anti-Semitism, Schweitzer and Perry examine the origins, manifestations and permutations of this virulent form of hate.
http://www.calendarlive.com/books/cl-et-book12feb12,0,3405203.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dbooks%2Dmanual

GLITCHES, CLOSE CALLS HAUNTED COLUMBIA SPACE SHUTTLE
A review of the shuttle's nearly 25-year-old history shows a craft vexed by technical problems and near-disasters since its maiden launch.
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-columbia17feb17,1,1423665.story?coll=la%2Dhome%2Dheadlines

A SKELETAL LINK TO JAMESTOWN'S PAST
Archeologists believe they may have found the skeleton of the man considered the main force behind the first permanent English settlement in America.
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-jamestown12feb12,1,3309301.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dnation

HUNGARIAN TORTURE MUSEUM
Museum tells the story of both Nazi and communist oppression.
http://hnn.us/comments/8288.html

BRITISH SPIES
Britain's great spy hunt caught the most implausible villains.
http://hnn.us/comments/8299.html

MANIFEST DESTINY IN REVERSE ON THE NORTH DAKOTA PLAINS
Buried deep within America's empty heartland lies North Dakota: remote, inhospitable, a state in crisis. But as its human inhabitants give up on the plains and move out, the original settlers are on their way back.
http://hnn.us/comments/8300.html

THE LEFT NEEDS TO REDISCOVER PATRIOTISM IN ITS WAR ON WAR
Michael Kazin chastises the Left for abandoning the traditional critique of America by measuring the country against its own patriotic ideals.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A42698-2003Feb7.html

BLACK STUDIES: REVISED (NPR)
Historians and other scholars are examining the state of black studies at a conference in NY.
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=984985

THE STORY OF THE SLAVE TWINS JOINED AT BIRTH
http://www.bradenton.com/mld/bradenton/news/nation/5142915.htm

HISTORY OF THE SMALL POX VACCINE (PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/now/science/smallpox.html

POLISH-GERMAN BORDER REUNION
A pair of towns along the Polish-German border, separated after World War II, will be reunited next year when Poland enters the European Union. But residents of Gцrlitz and Zgorzelec have mixed feelings -- some because of history, others because of the merger's economic impact.
http://www.npr.org/display_pages/features/feature_947092.html

BLACK HISTORY MONTH 2003
To celebrate Black History Month, NPR News offers comprehensive coverage commemorating the lives and histories of African-American pioneers.
http://www.npr.org/news/specials/blackhistorymonth/index.html

A JOURNEY OF DISCOVERY INSIDE LEWIS AND CLARK
Book review of Brian Hall's I Should Be Extremely Happy in Your Company, a historical novel offering introspective character profiles of the five key participants in the historical trek.
http://www.calendarlive.com/books/cl-bk-brinkley2feb02,0,481594.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dbooks%2Dmanual

MEXIDO DIGS AT LAST FOR TRUTH ABOUT 1968 MASSACRE
The struggle for the control of history continues in Mexico, as a new goverment-approved history textbook that reveals the truth about the 1968 Tlatelolco massacre is being ordered off the shelves.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/02/07/international/americas/07MEXI.html

AMERICAN STUDIES: WHAT HAPPENED TO IT?
Alan Wolfe in the New Republic
http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=5982

EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION (NPR)
It's the 140th anniversary of the proclamation.
http://hnn.us/comments/7998.html

JUST WHO WAS WALLIS SIMPSON?
A balanced portrait.
http://hnn.us/comments/7997.html

HOW THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT RIPPED OFF INDIANS TO THE TUNE OF BILLIONS OF DOLLARS (NPR)
In its dollar magnitude, it's almost certainly the biggest case of financial mismanagement in U.S. history.
http://www.tnr.com/doc.mhtml?i=express&s=levy012903

HISTORY OF MANNED SPACE TRAVEL (NPR)
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=962272

IS BUSH ANOTHER REAGAN?
Bush may be more conservative than Reagan.
http://hnn.us/comments/7985.html

TRUMAN LEFT OFFICE 50 YEARS AGO
Getting right with Harry.Why he's so popular today a half century after he left the White House.
http://hnn.us/comments/7984.html

BORN OF A NORWEIGAN MOTHER AND A GERMAN FATHER IN NORWAY DURING WW II
What happened to the children.
http://hnn.us/comments/7983.html

IAN KERSHAW ON HITLER'S CONTINUING FASCINATION
70 years ago he was appointed chancellor.
http://hnn.us/comments/7975.html

THE RELEVANCE OF WORLD WAR I
A new book, 14-18: Understanding The Great War suggests the ways in which WW I is and is not relevant to our own times.
http://hnn.us/comments/7724.html

ROE V WADE AND DOE V BOLTON
The Other Supreme Court abortion case, also in 1972, that broadened the scope of Roe v Wade.
http://hnn.us/comments/7725.html

WOODROW WILSON, RACIST DIXIECRAT
Dixiecrats Triumphant: The menacing Mr. Wilson
http://reason.com/links/links121802.shtml

THE SMOG DISASTER THAT LED TO THE PASSAGE OF THE FIRST CLEAN AIR ACT
The investigation into Donora Smog Disaster in Pa. was essential to the first federal clean-air act, passed in 1955; highlighted on PBS"Now" with Bill Moyers.
http://www.pbs.org/now/science/smog.html

COMPARING BUSH TO HITLER
Hitler routinely ignored his military, other world leaders, and the clergy. Now, Bush seems to think that this policy, which ultimately failed for Hitler, will work for him.
http://www.counterpunch.org/madsen01312003.html

OLD ALLIANCE, NEW RELEVANCE
Six decades after Winston Churchill used personal diplomacy to persuade Franklin Roosevelt to postpone an all-out attack on Nazi Germany, another British prime minister is traveling to Camp David on a similar mission.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A3609-2003Jan30.html

"BLIND SPOT: HITLER'S SECRETARY"
She was in the bunker with you-know-who and can't forgive herself. In this haunting documentary, 81-year-old Traudl Junge faces the truth.
http://www.salon.com/ent/movies/review/2003/01/31/blind_spot/index_np.html

HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSON LETTER EMERGES
A biographer of fairy tale master Hans Christian Andersen has discovered the only known letter written by the Danish author to his mother.
http://www.salon.com/books/wire/2003/01/30/andersen_letter/index.html

ORIGINS OF ARMIES MARCHING
When did armies begin to march? (Slate)
http://slate.msn.com/id/2077384/

CHARLES MAIER: IS AMERICA AN EMPIRE?
In Harvard Magazine, Professor Maier concludes that America has become an empire--with dangerous consequences.
http://www.harvard-magazine.com/on-line/1102193.html

THE SHAH AWLAYS FALLS
A soldier-historian looks at how the world has changed in the past decade and finds that America is both hostage to history and likely to be saved by it.(American Heritage)
http://www.americanheritage.com/AMHER/2003/01/shah.shtml

WAS MERIWETHER LEWIS CRAZY?
Novelist Brian Hall says historians have been unwilling to face the fact that Meriwether Lewis was suicidal.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/21/opinion/21HALL.html

MICHELANGELO WAS A MISER
"Michelangelo, beneath it all, was a miser. That is one conclusion of a recently published book, 'The Wealth of Michelangelo,' by a professor of art history."
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/21/international/europe/21FLOR.html

BUSH'S POLL NUMBERS: HISTORICAL ANALYSIS
A recent Zogby International poll of the public's perceptions of the dozen most recent presidents may be more telling than any other political barometer.
http://hnn.us/comments/7611.html

DID GERMANY WIN WORLD WAR II?
In the wake of Soviet dissolution and Germany's 1990 reunification, FrontPage Magazine's Lowell Ponte argues that this question is no longer absurd. Germany, he observes, seems to be following Adolf Hitler's vision for Europe and the world.
http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=5742

REVIVING THE CASE OF EMMETT TILL
The murder of Emmett Till in 1955 helped spark the civil rights struggle. Now, half a century later, filmmakers lead a call to resolve the case's lingering mysteries.
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/nation/la-na-till20jan20.story

LEONARDO: THE EYE, THE HAND, THE MIND
A rare exhibit of Leonardo da Vinci's drawings at the Metropolitan Museum of Art reveals the artist as obsessive and thorough.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/24/arts/design/24COTT.html

COMPUTERIZIED RECORDS BECOMING OBSOLETE
BBC's computer-based collection of photographs, writings and other snapshots of life in 1986, the 900th anniversary of the written English survey, the Domesday Book, needs customized software and hardware that are breaking down from old age, meaning records from just 17 years ago are rapidly vanishing.
http://www.chron.com/cs/CDA/story.hts/tech/1739675

WAS NAPOLEON POISONED?
New theory discounts arsenic and blames stomach cancer.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A15537-2003Jan19.html

ERIC HOBSBAWM ASSAILED
How communism ruined Hobsbawm, according to the New Criterion.
http://www.newcriterion.com/archive/21/jan03/hobsbawm.htm

LEWIS & CLARK (NPR)
NPR's Brian Naylor reports on a recent ceremony at Jefferson's home, Monticello, to mark the anniversary of the expedition.
http://www.npr.org/display_pages/features/feature_925363.html

GAMBLING
How our Puritan heritage shapes the way we look at gambling. (Subscribers to Chronicle of Higher Education only).
http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i20/20b01501.htm

ANNIVERSARY OF MARCONI'S TELEGRAM (NPR)
NPR interviews Princess Mary Elettra Elena Anna Marconi about the work of her father, inventor Guglielmo Marconi. It's been 100 years since he sent the first radio telegram.
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=923772

GERMANS BREAKING AN OLD TABOO
Germans are now studying how they suffered during the war.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/18/arts/18SCHN.html

EDMUND MORGAN, PROFILED BY PUBLISHERS WEEKLY
http://publishersweekly.reviewsnews.com/index.asp?layout=article&articleid=CA264048&display=PW+InterviewNews&industry=PW+Interview&industryid=%industryid%&verticalid=127

THE GHOSTS OF PRESIDENTS PAST
The ghosts of presidents past are particularly conspicuous around George W. Bush.
http://www.newhousenews.com/archive/Rios011403.html

INSPECTING AMERICA'S FOUNDATION
Review of Bernard Bailyn's To Begin the World Anew, The Genius and Ambiguities of the American Founders, a new collection of essays that redresses, for our time, the balance of historical judgment on Thomas Jefferson.
http://www.calendarlive.com/books/cl-et-book17jan17,0,1762224.story?coll=cl%2Dbooks%2Dfeatures

SMEARING GEORGE WASHINGTON
Two Philadelphia Inquirer writers are among those who seek to challenge the legacy of the so-called"greatest American who ever lived."
http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=5593

AUSTRALIA: ONE COUNTRY, TWO HISTORIES
Conservative Australian historians have rewritten the accepted view that colonists massacred Aborigines. In doing so, they've engaged a dispute over history which has broadened into a public debate threatening to change the politics of race in the country.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/australia/story/0,12070,876369,00.html

PAUL KENNEDY: TRYING TO CHOOSE BETWEEN IRAQ OR NORTH KOREA IS SILLY
Kennedy argues that empires like the United States have always had to juggle multiple crises.
http://hnn.us/comments/7297.html

HOW TO MAKE THE REPUBLICAN CONVENTION IN NYC INTERESTING
Mike Wallace reviews the history of the 1924 Republican convention, also held in NYC.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/11/opinion/11WALL.html

THE HISTORIAN WHO EXPOSED THE TRUE FACE OF ZEN
Zen has had strong ties to militarism — indeed so strong, that the leaders of one of the largest denominations in Japan have remorsefully compared their former religious fanaticism during Japan's brutal expansionism in the 1930's and 40's to today's murderously militant Islamists.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/11/arts/11ZEN.html

WHAT DID IKE MEAN BY THE PHRASE, MILITARY INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX?
Douglas Brinkley and James Fallows in an Interview on NPR.
http://hnn.us/comments/7270.html

AN INTERVIEW WITH BRENT GLASS, NEW LEADER OF THE SMITHSONIAN AMERICAN HISTORY MUSEUM (NPR)
http://hnn.us/comments/7273.html

HOW HISTORIANS ARE USING E BAY TO COLLECT ARTIFACTS
http://hnn.us/comments/7280.html

THE REVIVAL OF A COLD WAR WORD: BRINKSMANSHIP
Tracing the history of the word brinksmanship.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/12/weekinreview/12NUNB.html

THE STOCKBROKER WHO NEVER NEGLECTED TO TELL HIS WIFE HE SAVED THE LIVES OF HUNDREDS OF JEWS
http://hnn.us/comments/7288.html

STALIN STILL A HERO IN LAND OF HIS BIRTH
http://hnn.us/comments/7300.html

SPAIN FINALLY CONFRONTING THE GHOSTS OF FRANCO (NPR)
http://hnn.us/comments/7301.html

WAS BENEDICT ARNOLD'S WIFE THE REAL TRAITOR?
The latest reevaluation of Benedict Arnold's behavior defends Arnold by shifting the blame onto his wife. Wouldn't you know it? A woman put him up to it.
http://slate.msn.com/id/2076579/

THE CHINESE DISCOVERED AMERICA, AUTHOR CLAIMS (NPR)
Columbus discovered America in 1492, any elementary school student will tell you. But an amateur historian says Columbus was about 70 years too late. The Chinese beat him to it in 1421, says Gavin Menzies, author of 1421, The Year China Discovered America. Listen to an interview with the author by NPR's Bob Edwards.
http://www.npr.org/display_pages/features/feature_907602.html

THE FOREFATHERS OF IMPERIALISM
Review of Warren Zimmermann's First Great Triumph: How Five Americans Made Their Country A World Power, an account of the imperialist era in American foreign policy at the turn of the 20th century.
http://www.calendarlive.com/books/cl-bk-mead5jan05,0,2523321.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dbooks%2Dmanual

VIETNAM'S WOMEN OF WAR
Vietnam has a long history of women warriors. They answered their country's call and fought to protect it. But when peace came, their own society cast them aside.
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-vietnam10jan10,0,5434070.story?coll=la%2Dhome%2Dheadlines

MARY MAY HAVE LOST HER HEAD TO MADNESS
Madness, historians believe, could have been in the (royal) family: Mary Queen of Scots might have suffered from the disease responsible for the madness of King George. http://www.guardian.co.uk/monarchy/story/0,2763,871990,00.html

HOW IRAQ BECAME A BRITISH QUAGMIRE IN WORLD WAR I
As the U.S. again eyes Iraq, Britain and Canada can reflect on the disastrous 1914-18 campaign to take what was then Mesopotamia. Bill Twatio reports on what one British general colourfully called the 'Bastard War.'
http://hnn.us/comments/6973.html

FIRST EUROPEANS BRING A MYSTERY TO NEW YORK
In 1994, fossils of the oldest well-dated hominids in Western Europe were uncovered in the Atapuerca hills of northern Spain. A species of human ancestors, unlike any previously known, was living there 800,000 years ago. Now, a new exhibit at the Museum of Natural History displays the fossils and artifacts of"The First Europeans."
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/10/arts/10FIRS.html

THE IMPACT OF THE HOLOCAUST ON GAY PEOPLE
"They were called the"175ers" — homosexuals that the Nazis arrested, beat, used as prison labor and sometimes castrated."
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/04/arts/design/04HOLO.html

IS THE U.S. GOING TO FOLLOW IN THE STEPS OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE?
Princeton historian Harold James uses Gibbon's book on the rise and fall of the Roman empire to assess the prospects of the United States.
http://hnn.us/comments/6933.html

THE HISTORY OF CHINESE STEREOTYPES
The Chinese laundry boy had no name. At the grocery store, post office and other shops in 1950s Benicia, people referred to him only by what he did.
http://hnn.us/comments/6930.html

ALL THE REASONS THE 107TH CONGRESS IS LIKELY TO BE REMEMBERED AS HISTORIC
http://hnn.us/comments/6932.html

SLAVERY REPARATIONS
Blacks planning on suing insurance companies and others in the name of slavery reparations.
http://hnn.us/comments/6931.html

THE BUSH DYNASTY
The Financial Times claims the Bush dynasty may turn out to be more powerful than any other in American history.
http://hnn.us/comments/6857.html

HISTORIC PLACES IN IRAQ
Top 10 historic places in Iraq, redloent of the splendor of Mesopotamia.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/05/magazine/05PRIMER.html

DID THE CHINESE BEAT COLUMBUS?
Profile in the NYT Magazine of Gavin Menzies, the amateur historian given an $800,000 advance for a ms. that attempts to prove that the Chinese preceded Columbus in 1421.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/05/magazine/05MENZIES.html

HOW WOULD BILL CLINTON HAVE HANDLED 9-11?
Robert Dallek and Fred Greenstein speculate about what Clinton would have done.
http://hnn.us/comments/6793.html

BENEDICT ARNOLD'S JOURNEY FROM HERO TO TRAITOR
The life and motives of America's most famous traitor are now being reexamined on TV and off Broadway.
http://www.csmonitor.com/2003/0103/p20s01-altv.html

THE SOVIET GOVERNMENT'S HOLOCAUST
Among the most brutal big government killers of the 20th century was the communist Soviet Union. Now, the millions of people murdered for the State are resurfacing, in photographs and documents from Soviet archives, and in countless mass graves being discovered all over the vast Russian land. Michael Chapman recounts the country's blood-soaked history.
http://www.frontpagemag.com/articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=5308

HISTORY OF THE EMPIRE STATE BUILDING
NPR's Peter Breslow investigates the history of the Empire State Building in the final installment of the Present at the Creation series.
http://www.npr.org/programs/morning/features/patc/empirestate/index.html

DRAFT RIOTS IN BOSTON AND NEW YORK: THE DIFFERENCE
On July 14, 1863, Boston had its own draft riot, markedly different from what happened in New York.
http://www.bostonphoenix.com/boston/news_features/this_just_in/documents/02622052.htm

SHOULD THE UNITED STATES ALLOW HEARSAY AS A MEANS OF TILTING THE SCALES OF JUSTICE TOWARD VICTIMS? (COMMONPLACE.ORG)
The many procedural changes that are being considered in England include the use of testimony relating to a suspect's criminal past.
http://www.common-place.org/vol-03/no-02/author/

ATTACKS ON THE WRITING OF BIOGRAPHY (COMMONPLACE.ORG)
Why Stanley Fish and others are wrong about the usefulness of biographies.
http://www.common-place.org/vol-03/no-02/silverman/

EDMUND S. MORGAN: BEN FRANKLIN AND NEW YEARS RESOLUTIONS
"Is it peculiarly American to want to make yourself a better person?"
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/31/opinion/31MORG.html

9-11 DIGITAL ARCHIVE (Wall St. Journal)
Sept. 11 was, perhaps, the first major historical event to be experienced digitally, so historians prepared an archive to enable scholars in the future to retrieve how people reacted.
http://online.wsj.com/article/0,,SB1041473303242608793,00.html?mod=opinion

THE MUDD FAMILY TRIES TO SAVE FACE (AGAIN)
In 1865, a military tribunal convicted Dr. Samuel A. Mudd in the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln. Was he guilty?
http://weeklystandard.com/Content/Public/Articles/000/000/002/046eahwj.asp

FINDING BLACK HISTORY'S LOST STORIES
Chicago nonprofit group, HistoryMakers, records oral histories of black Americans.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/29/national/29HIST.html

HIJACKING INDIA'S HISTORY
While some of us lament the repetition of history, the men who run India are busy rewriting it.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/30/opinion/30FRIE.html

DANIEL KEVLES: EUGENICS AND RELIGIOUS SECTS GO TOGETHER
Whether or not the baby, named Eve, is a genuine clone — or even exists — remains to be seen. The sect, called the Raëlians, not only exists, but in some sense is old news.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/29/weekinreview/29KEVL.html

IN 1956 WE HAD MULTIPLE INTERNATIONAL CRISES TOO
History never offers exact parallels, but it seems a good time to remember the fall of 1956, when the United States had to respond at the same time to the Hungarian uprising and a Middle East war.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/29/weekinreview/29WORD.html

ARTIST ALBRECHT DURER'S LEGACY REVIVED
Over three decades have passed since the last Dürer exhibition was held at the British Museum, which has one of three major Dürer graphic collections. Now, to coincide with its 250th anniversary, the museum is making amends with the new exhibit"Albrecht Dürer and His Legacy: The Graphic Work of a Renaissance Artist." Dürer, often described as the first truly commercial artist, engaged art history's first recorded plagiarism dispute when he sued an Italian artist for copying his prints.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/02/arts/design/02DURE.html

FILM ON RUTHLESS DYNASTY DELIGHTS CHINA'S LEADERS
Emperor Qin Shihuang's fearsome exercise of power 2,200 years ago has been compared to the actions of Napoleon and Stalin, and his bloody legacy remains a raw wound in today's China. So when Chinese director Zhang Yimou chose the Qin court as the setting for his martial arts epic"Hero," expectations were mixed. To the surprise of many, however, Yimou's depiction has delighted Beijing's leaders while infuriating Chinese critics.
http://www.nytimes.com/2003/01/02/arts/02ARTS.html

IN PRAISE OF THE NEW HITLER-AS-YOUTH MOVIE:"MAX"
Richard Cohen in the Wash Post approves.
http://hnn.us/comments/6406.html

ARE THE BRITISH OBSESSED WITH NAZI GERMANY? (NPR)
For many in Britain, World War II has not faded into history.
http://hnn.us/comments/6407.html

HISTORY'S CULTURAL COMEBACK
George Will: Bruce Cole at the NEH has brought back history.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A38317-2002Dec25.html

NATIONAL ARCHIVES UNDER RENOVATION (NYT)
Reinventing the National Archives
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/27/national/27ARCH.html

EVENTS TO CELEBRATE THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE
2003 is the 200th anniversary of the Louisiana Purchase.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/27/travel/escapes/27BCANE.html

"GANGS OF NEW YORK"
Kevin Baker says the movie's violence is fully justified.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/26/opinion/26BAKE.html

SCIENCE ORIGINS
Ancient cultures and their discoveries in science and math.
http://hnn.us/comments/6324.html

WHY DID THE SOUTH TURN REPUBLICAN?
ABC Nightline Interviews: Beschloss, Wilkins
http://hnn.us/comments/6326.html

THE HISTORY OF PARIS
An interview on NPR with Alistair Horne, author of Seven Ages of Paris.
http://hnn.us/comments/6327.html

STAR WARS TODAY
An interview on CNN with historian Allan Lichtman about Ronald Reagan, Star Wars, and the Missile Defense Shield.
http://hnn.us/comments/6328.html

THE BUSH PRESIDENCY AT MID-TERM
An interview with Doris Kearns Goodwin; summing up the Bush presidency.
http://hnn.us/comments/6329.html

USS CONSTELLATION
Once again the aircraft carrier is on the cusp of war as it was in 1961 in Vietnam.
http://hnn.us/comments/6331.html

MEASURING HAPPINESS THROUGH THE AGES
An economics historian measures the great changes in the daily lives of Britons over the past 100 years; concludes people are no happier despite improvements.
http://hnn.us/comments/6333.html

THE LONG-IGNORED FRENCH MUSEUM
The history of the Musee d'histoire, 1939-1945, which subtitles itself"L'Appel de la Liberte (The Call to Freedom)." Why few French visit this museum that tells the story of the French Resistance and the people who did not resist.
http://hnn.us/comments/6334.html

INDIANS FIGHTING TO REGAIN LAND LOST IN RAILROAD SWINDLES
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/25/national/25RAIL.html

ORIGIN OF HOLIDAY TRADITIONS
Why do we eat fruit cakes this time of year? Where did"Xmass" come from?
http://hnn.us/comments/6339.html

THE FIRST PHOTOGRAPH EVER
The photograph that launched millions of others.
http://slate.msn.com/id/2076048/

ABOUT TRUMAN THE JURY IS STILL OUT AMONG SCHOLARS
Doubts about Truman's personal character reflected in the debate about Arnold Offner's new book.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/21/arts/21TANK.html

A CZECH SEEKS TO ATONE FOR HIS COUNTRY'S REVENGE ON THE NAZIS
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/22/international/europe/22CZEC.html

SATELLITES BEING USED TO MARK LEWIS & CLARK TRAIL
Thanks to a 21st century merger of remote sensing spacecraft, computer technology and special software, the pioneering Lewis and Clark trail is once again being surveyed.
http://www.space.com/businesstechnology/technology/lewis_clark_121223.html

AUSTRALIANS SAY IT'S TIME TO REINTERPRET GALLIPOLI
Scholars at an October conference suggest that Australians should not take pride in Gallipoli; it was an unmitigated disaster.
http://hnn.us/comments/6177.html

GERMAN COMPANIES COMING CLEAN ABOUT THEIR HISTORY
A spate of new German corporate biographies elegantly demonstrates how tracing the development of a large company can throw fresh light on the political and social history.
http://hnn.us/comments/6180.html

JESUS OSSUARY DEFENDED BY WALL STREET JOURNAL EDITOR
http://hnn.us/comments/6184.html

ROBERT BYRD'S UNSAVORY PAST (Wall St. Journal)
Senator Byrd quit the Klan in the 1940s and has renounced it since. On the other hand, his history is worth revisiting.
http://hnn.us/comments/6185.html

ROBERT CARO ON SENATE MAJORITY LEADERS (NPR INTERVIEW)
http://hnn.us/comments/5999.html

PRESIDENTS LIE WHEN THEY MAKE WAR
Surveying our history, we see a clear pattern.
http://www.independent.org/tii/news/021001Higgs.html

JOHN ADAMS EMBRACES A JEWISH HOMELAND
The correspondence of John Adams, second president of the United States, reflects the complexity with which Jews and Judaism were viewed in early national America.
http://jewishworldreview.com/jewish/history.html

THE KILLER FOG OF '52
Fifty years ago this month, a toxic mix of dense fog and sooty black coal smoke descended on London. Thousands of people essentially suffocated and died. The"killer fog" remains the deadliest environmental episode in history - and changed the way the world looks at pollution.
http://www.npr.org/display_pages/features/feature_873954.html

A HISTORY OF THE WWII WASPs, IN THEIR OWN WORDS
In the early 1940s when the Air Force faced a shortage of military pilots, it launched an experimental program to train new ones -- the Women Airforce Service Pilots. On All Things Considered, hear an oral history of these trailblazing women, from the documentary production company Radio Diaries.
http://www.npr.org/display_pages/features/feature_881741.html

RUSSIA PREPARES TO RESTORE ROMANOVS
A Presidential commission says it has evidence which will absolve Nicholas II of crimes and rehabilitate the last tsarist family.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/russia/article/0,2763,863328,00.html

SEX AND MONARCHS
How better off the English monarchs were than the French when it came to sex. Examples of monarchs and their personal lives.
http://hnn.us/comments/5834.html

HISTORY OF CHRISTMAS
It would take the real Father Christmas to set things right. That man was Charles Dickens. When he wrote his classic A Christmas Carol in 1843, he gave us not only Tiny Tim and Scrooge, he gave us a blueprint on how Christmas"should" be celebrated.
http://hnn.us/comments/5836.html

NEW YORK TIMES PROFILE OF TRENT LOTT
As a young lawyer making his start in politics in 1967, Trent Lott stunned a racially moderate friend running for governor by campaigning instead for an archsegregationist rival.
http://hnn.us/comments/5838.html

CHRISTMAS IN THE MIDST OF WORLD WAR I
It's a story that may be difficult for Americans to imagine, but during World War I, peace broke out along the Western Front on Christmas Day in 1914. Soldiers in trenches on both sides of the battle lines sang Christmas songs and eventually put down their weapons, came out of their trenches and exchanged greetings peacefully.
http://hnn.us/comments/5839.html

HISTORY ON TV NEEDS TO BE DONE BETTER
If history is suddenly popular then it is not too much to ask television historians and those who commission them to accept the responsibility that goes with influence.
http://hnn.us/comments/5831.html

BUSH PLAN TO PRIVATIZE GOVERNMENT PRINTING COULD JEOPARDIZE ACCESS
White House moves to privatize the publication of government documents could disrupt regular public access to records.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A1371-2002Dec17.html

JOURNALIST DISCUSSES HISTORY OF PAKISTAN
Listen to NPR as journalist Owen Bennett Jones, the author of Pakistan: Eye of the Storm, discusses the country's turbulent 55-year history and the relationship it has with the United States today.
http://freshair.npr.org/day_fa.jhtml?todayDate=12/10/2002

REMNANTS OF THE INVASION FLEET OF KUBLAI KAHN FOUND
The Mongol invasion of Japan was repulsed when winds shifted direction giving rise to the Kamikaze legend. The ethereal threads of folklore and artwork often intertwine the historical reality of Kublai Khan, grandson of Mongol ruler Genghis Khan, and his failed 13th century invasions of Japan.
http://www.newsday.com/news/health/ny-mongol1217,0,6573003.story?coll=ny-health-headlines

STERILIZATION IN NORTH CAROLINA
On NPR Kevin Begos of the Winston-Salem Journal talks about a series the newspaper has just run about a North Carolina state program that sterilized over 7,600 people between 1929 and 1974.
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=878670

REASSEMBLING SUNDERED ANTIQUITIES
The latest flare-up in the longstanding dispute over the Parthenon marbles — removed from Greece to Britain in the early 19th century under controversial circumstances - has Greece lobbying hard to have the so-called Elgin marbles returned to Athens in time for the 2004 Summer Olympic Games.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/19/opinion/19ROSE.html

HUDSON SHIPWRECKS FOUND, BUT NO LOOSE LIPS
Scientists mapping the bottom of the Hudson River with sonar say they have found nearly every single ship that ever foundered in the river over the last 400 years or more. But don't ask where the wrecks are - in the interest of preserving New York's maritime history, the sonar maps are being kept a secret by the state.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/18/nyregion/18WREC.html

HOW REPUBLICANS TALK ABOUT RACE
Historians can debate just how central Senator Lott's kind of doublespeak has been to Republican success in the South. But racial appeals play a role in Republican politics.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/13/opinion/13CRES.html

TALKING HISTORY RADIO PROGRAMS
Download and listen to recent radio programs on subjects including The Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775-82, Strike Songs of the Great Depression, the 1921 Tulsa Riot (one of the worst riots in U.S. history), and Regime Change (very timely, in light of the current situation in Iraq). Also, stay tuned for information on upcoming programs, including a four-week series on the Vietnam War in January.
http://talkinghistory.oah.org/

JAMES CAMERON DOCUMENTARY ON THE BISMARCK ASSAILED
The Bismarck, because she was a battleship, was already obsolete when she was launched in 1939. Cameron's overwrought documentary portrays its subject as"the ultimate killing machine" and"the Death Star of her time." This is nonsense, but most reviewers and feature writers happily went along with the hype.
http://slate.msn.com/?id=2075372

NORWAY TRIES TO RESOLVE A LASTING NAZI LEGACY
After invading Norway in 1940, the Nazis quickly realized that Norway's abundance of blond and fair-skinned women could further Hitler's dream of an Aryan race. The offspring were once pampered as the torchbearers of a new master race but after the war they were ostracized and ridiculed. Gregory Crouch details the memories the children that survived.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/16/international/europe/16NORW.html

WHAT IF STROM THURMOND HAD BECOME PRESIDENT IN 1948?
What kind of president would Strom Thurmond have been if he had actually been elected? Adam Clymer discusses the possibilities. If he followed his campaign promises, he would have led an administration devoted to letting Southern states keep Negroes as the better spoken white Southerners of the time, including Mr. Thurmond, called them, in their place.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/15/weekinreview/15CLYM.html

A SANITIZED PAST COMES BACK TO HAUNT TRENT LOTT
Last week Trent Lott, the incoming Senate majority leader, learned the truth of William Faulkner's dictum, so often applied to the South:"The past is never dead. It's not even past." Robin Toner gives us a history lesson about the angry rise of the Dixiecrats in 1948.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/15/weekinreview/15TONE.html

REPUBLICAN PARTY'S 40 YEARS OF JUGGLING ON RACE
President Bush's repudiation of Senator Trent Lott, as an apostate to the"founding ideals" of the Republican Party, underlined the juggling act the party has maintained on race for nearly four decades. Specifically, ever since the Republican Party in the South was reborn by hostility to the civil rights legislation of the 1960s, the national party has increasingly depended on Southern votes while at the same time insisting to Northern moderates that it is still the party of Lincoln.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/13/politics/13ASSE.html?8bhp

TRYING TO BUY OUR WAY OUT OF TROUBLE
Author Lizabeth Cohen advises that consumer spending itself is not a telltale sign that the nation is recovering from recession. Using the example of mass consumer spending and remarkable economic recovery post-World War II, Cohen points out that a broad-based recovery is defined not just by dollars spent but also by who has dollars to spend — and where they are able to spend them.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/11/opinion/11COHE.html

KAMIKAZE MUSEUM IN THE PHILIPPINES
A museum in the Philippines reveals the untold story of those World War II bombers, the kamikaze. They were the world's first suicide bombers, Japanese pilots in World War II who crashed their planes into American warships.
http://hnn.us/comments/5543.html

DEATH OF BERRIGAN
Philip Berrigan died late last night. The anti-war activist and priest made a name for himself in the 1960s when he was jailed for protesting the Vietnam War. In a 1988 interview with NPR's Scott Simon, Berrigan said he had a duty to break the law. Howard Zinn comments on the death of Philip Berrigan.
http://hnn.us/comments/5546.html

BIRTH OF ATOMIC AGE AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO
Scientists recall an experimental nuclear reaction 60 years ago that heralded a revolution.
http://www.denverpost.com/Stories/0,1413,36%257E45%257E1021128,00.html?search=filter

MEN, WOMEN AND THE POLITICS OF POWER
Gains for women need not be seen as losses for men '60s feminists were wrong to shun power, says Australian-born historian and author Jill Ker Conway as she puts an ominous new spin on it with reference to sustaining gains in women's rights.
http://hnn.us/comments/5553.html

PEARL HARBOR: I WAS THERE
A vet says that he watched the Japanese attack and saw the sinking of the mini-sub historians long argued about.
http://hnn.us/comments/5557.html

PEARL HARBOR--A JUST WAR?
Was it a 'just' war?' or was it just another war? Saturday is the 61st anniversary of the bombing of Pearl Harbor. World War II is held up as the most just of wars, and many say similar humanitarianism is echoed in our war on Afghanistan and the enlarged war on Iraq. But there are many reasons that even World War II could not be considered a just war.
http://tompaine.com/feature.cfm/ID/6849

THE PAST TELLS KISSINGER'S CHARACTER
Walter Isaacson thinks Kissinger just might prove to be the right man for the job he's been given. Kissinger has been called upon to chair such an investigation, this time a very public one, into the policies and lapses leading up to the September 11 terrorist attacks.
http://www.tnr.com/doc.mhtml?i=20021216&s=isaacson121602

HOW QUICKLY COULD A TERRORIST SMALLPOX VIRUS SPREAD?
Would the virus spread like wildfire, or would it infect only those in very close contact with the initial victims, thus making it easy to snuff out through quarantines and prompt vaccination? History suggests mixed answers as to how quickly small pox can spread.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/10/opinion/10TUE4.html

SMALL POX HISTORY IN BRITAIN
History Lesson: public health officials learned that surveillance is the keyto preventing an epidemic.
http://hnn.us/comments/5570.html

HOMELAND SECURITY: DOES THE WORD HAVE THE WHIFF OF TOTALITARIANISM?
Today,"homeland" is suddenly ubiquitous -- Washington's term of choice for domestic America in the terrorism era, a word designed to bind a disparate citizenry to the turf beneath their feet, a word increasingly invoked by security merchants who sell everything from gas masks to guns.
http://hnn.us/comments/5571.html

NEVER MIND THE MOST IMPORTANT BRITON, HOW ABOUT THE WORST?
Winston Churchill may have been voted the greatest Briton of all time - but who is the worst? The pundits who spoke up for each of the 10 candidates in the BBC's Greatest Briton poll have been rounded up to answer a potentially even more divisive question: who would you nominate as the least worthwhile Briton?
http://hnn.us/comments/5572.html

THE NEH GETS GOOD REPORT CARD FROM HISTORIANS
Bruce Cole praised for focusing on history; no evidence he's using his power to advance a conservative history agenda.
http://hnn.us/comments/5409.html

BESCHLOSS TALKS ABOUT HIS NEW BOOK
FDR's privately expressed belief that Germany should practically be castrated.
http://hnn.us/comments/5395.html

BEFORE THERE WAS PLYMOUTH, THERE WAS POPHAM (NPR)
Plymouth may have been the first permanent English colony, but 13 years earlier there was the settlement at Popham; the Pilgrims learned from Popham's mistakes.
http://hnn.us/comments/5394.html

PAT BUCHANAN VS. CHRISTOPHER HITCHENS: HENRY KISSINGER, WAR CRIMINAL?
http://hnn.us/comments/5393.html

HISTORY OF THE 1990S STOCK MARKET BUBBLE
The recession was caused by the stock market bubble. Economist Dean Baker explains how the media and major institutions let the public down by ignoring the clear signs of a bubble-in-the-making.
http://www.cepr.net/dangerous_minds.htm

HISTORY OF THE LONGSHOREMEN'S UNION (NPR)
http://hnn.us/comments/5391.html

GARRY WILLS, BESCHLOSS, HALBERSTAM, WOODWARD ON"FACE THE NATION" (CBS)
They discuss presidential politics.
http://hnn.us/comments/5389.html

STERILIZATIONS IN AMERICAN HISTORY (NPR)
Oregon's governor, John Kitzhaber, has apologized and say the state was wrong when it forcibly sterilized residents of state institutions. Virginia's governor made a similar apology earlier this year. But few of those who were sterilized are still alive.
http://discover.npr.org/features/feature.jhtml?wfId=863385

REAGAN AND COMMUNISM
Walter Russell Mead commends a new history that shows Ronald Reagan devised in the 1950s an approach to communism he implemented as president.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A20868-2002Nov21.html

ECONOMIST SAYS SLAVERY DID NOT CAUSE THE RACIAL PROBLEMS WE HAVE TODAY
Economic disparities between the descendants of former slaves and free blacks largely disappeared within just two generations following emancipation, according to a study by Dartmouth economist Bruce Sacerdote that may lend ammunition to opponents of slavery reparations.
http://www.thedartmouth.com/article.php?aid=200211060103

AN IMPERIAL MOMENT
Long before a President talked about an"axis of evil" and"regime change," a President talked of going"to war for humanity's sake," in order to liberate Cuba and the Philippines from Spain. The United States may now have arrived at an imperial moment in its history, but it is certainly not the first time.
http://www.thenation.com/doc.mhtml?i=20021223&s=hamilton

THE FORGOTTEN REFUGEES
One of the major stumbling blocks in the Israel-Palestinian conflict has always been the question of the return of — or compensation for — Arab refugees from Palestine in 1948 and 1967. But Israel's steadfast refusal by the Arab Palestinian leadership and Arab countries since the 1920s also led to another great, but lesser known refugee tragedy, that of Jewish refugees from Arab lands.
http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=4913

JOURNEY TO THE BISMARCK
Its maiden voyage lasted nine days. That's all it took for the WWII battleship Bismarck to become a legend ... but at a terrible price. Relive the ship's final days on December 8th at 9pm, as the Discovery Channel presents James Cameron's Expedition: Bismarck.
http://dsc.discovery.com/convergence/bismarck/bismarck.html

NEW EVIDENCE OF EARLY FORM OF WRITING IN MEXICO
Centuries before the famously literate Maya, even before the Zapotecs, the Olmecs of ancient Mexico were carving symbols on stone and ceramics 2,600 years ago in what a team of archaeologists thinks is the earliest form of writing ever found in the New World.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/06/science/06WRIT.html?8hpib

LEVI STRAUSS AND THE PRICE WE PAY
The cost of apparel has declined for a quarter century, helping make Americans the best-clothed people in history. All is right in the world, unless you ask how it happened.
http://www.latimes.com/features/printedition/magazine/la-tm-levis48dec01,0,2389517.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dmagazine%2Dmanual

MAN WHO CLAIMED"BIGFOOT" LEGEND DIES
The man who used 16-inch feet-shaped carvings to create tracks that ignited the"Bigfoot" legend has died, and his family's admission of the hoax has prompted debate over whether such creatures really have existed.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/uslatest/story/0,1282,-2223232,00.html

DEMOCRAT HAWK WHOSE GHOST GUIDES BUSH
Former Senator Henry"Scoop" Jackson has been dead 20 years, but his spirit lives on in the Bush administration's muscular new doctrine of pre-emption.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/usa/story/0,12271,854714,00.html

IN HOUSTON, A TREASURE OF EXILED AFGHAN ART (NPR)
After years of repression and plundering, the rich artistic heritage of Afghanistan has remained preserved. Now, more than 110 works of Afghan art are featured in the Afghanistan: a Timeless History exhibit on display in a Texas museum.
http://www.npr.org/display_pages/features/feature_867875.html

STAR SHEDS LIGHT ON AFRICAN"STONEHENGE"
Mysterious ruins in Zimbabwe, thought to have been a palace complex for regional rulers some 800 years ago, are now believed to have served as an astronomical observatory to track eclipses, solstices and an elusive exploding star, similar to Great Britain's Stonehenge.
http://www.cnn.com/2002/TECH/space/12/05/zimbabwe.observatory/index.html

THE LEGACY OF LEWIS F. POWELL JR.
In the 1980's, Justice Powell played the central role in shaping the precedents on affirmative action and gay rights that the current Supreme Court is now reconsidering.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/04/politics/04SCOT.html

Thanksgiving Day Myths (Christian Science Monitor)

JFK'S RESCUERS HONORED
In World War II, two South Pacific islanders saved the future President. Sixty years later, the unsung heroes were reunited with each other and with a grateful Kennedy family.
http://www.nationalgeographic.com/pt109/?c=NGInside

KISSINGER IN CHARGE OF 9/11 INVESTIGATION
Why is a proven liar and wanted man in charge of the 9/11 investigation? Christopher Hitchens, author of a book about Kissinger, gives numerous reasons and examples why the public should be skeptical of Kissinger's decisions.
http://slate.msn.com/?id=2074678

WASHINGTON AND JEFFERSON; FOUNDING FATHERS AND SLAVEOWNERS
An article by Stephen Ambrose in the Smithsonian magazines presents details of the lives of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson so we can better understand them and the time they lived. An example Ambrose gives,"But he was a slaveholder," students sometimes say to me."Listen, he was our leader in the Revolution."
http://www.smithsonianmag.si.edu/smithsonian/issues02/nov02/presence.html

LEGENDS TELL STORY OF HISTORY
In a book expected out this winter Barbara Mann, an American Indian author, said she will present the history of the prehistoric Mound Builders the so-called Adena and Hopewell peoples from the Indian perspective. Mann's speculation is that various lost tribes and peoples mostly from Europe built the mounds thousands of years ago and then mysteriously disappeared.
http://libpub.dispatch.com/cgi-bin/documentv1?DBLIST=cd02&DOCNUM=52188&TERMV

CAN A NOVELIST LIBEL THE DEAD?
John Dean reviews the evidence in a new book claiming Walter Richard Sickert, an Impressionist painter, was the real Jack the Ripper. Patricia Cornwell, crime novelist, turned to modern science thinking that would solve the case which everyone has been trying to solve for the last 113 years.
http://writ.news.findlaw.com/dean/20021122.html

SECRET HARVARD FILES REVEAL A CAMPAIGN IN 1920 TO ROOT OUT GAYS
A confidential tribunal at Harvard dedicated itself to rooting out and expelling a group of gay students in 1920. This story came about after a 6 month investigation which finally allowed the 82 year old files to be made public.
http://www.thecrimson.com/magazine.aspx?issdat=11/21/2002

GUILT BY DISSOCIATION
In a revisionist play about Benedict Arnold, irony betrays clarity, writes Julia M. Klein, a cultural reporter and critic. (Subscribers only)
http://chronicle.com/weekly/v49/i15/15b01601.htm

A SPEECH RECALLS EUROPE GHOSTS
Verdun. Munich. Stalingrad. Dresden. Nuremberg. Yalta. These European places, President Bush said in his address to students in Prague last Wednesday, stood for ''conflict and tragedy and loss'' or ''sad and bitter experience'' in the past century.
http://query.nytimes.com/search/abstract?res=F4061EF7385D0C778EDDA80994DA404482

15,000 OBJECTS TESTIFY TO A PECULIAR INSTITUTION
James Petty has field whips, house whips, shackles, tombstones, forks carved by slaves, cigar-box guitars plucked by them, sales deeds and branding irons. After years of banging on farmhouse doors and picking through estate sales, Mr. Petty has just about everything he needs for a slavery museum. Except the museum.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/30/national/30SLAV.html

RELIVING WORLD WAR II WITH A BLACK CAPTAIN AMERICA
Fifty years of movies have depicted World War II as period of unalloyed patriotism. It may have looked that way on the white side of the color line. But for African-Americans, the war ushered in one of the most bitter periods of the modern era, thanks to the policy of military segregation that barred most black soldiers from combat and poisoned relations between black Americans and the federal government.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/12/01/opinion/01SUN3.html

NEW KENNEDY TAPES
For all we know about November 22, 1963; there is something we have not heard until now. Listen while NBC brings us recordings from 39 years ago.
http://www.msnbc.com/m/hs/ie/hs.asp?id=nn_bwilliams_jfk_021122&p=&lnk=

PUBLISHER BERTELSMANN'S TIES TO NAZIS
Brooke Gladstone interviews Mark Landler about the media giant Bertelsmann and why they gave books to the German soldiers during World War II. Interestingly the report was issued by a group of experts convened by Bertelsmann itself, determined to find the truth about its own past.
http://www.wnyc.org/onthemedia/transcripts_111502_past.html

EARLY WARNINGS NOT HEARD IN AMERICA
In America, the early warning voices against the Nazi genocide were rebuffed and ignored. That's the contention of David Wyman, co-author of A Race Against Death: Bergson, America and the Holocaust. Brooke Gladstone talks with David Wyman about his research.
http://www.wnyc.org/onthemedia/transcripts_111502_fighters.html

WHEN PEACE DID NOT GO UNPUNISHED
Paris 1919: Six Months That Changed the World, a new book by Margaret MacMillan tracks the complex and heated negotiations that preceded the signing of the peace treaty with Germany in the Hall of Mirrors of the Palace of Versailles on June 28, 1919. She reached a radical conclusion; the treaty was not responsible for the rise of Hitler and the new world war that followed.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/16/arts/16VERS.html

WHAT HAPPENED IN HITLER'S BUNKER?
On January 16, 1945, Adolf Hitler descended a stairway into a tunnel that led to his bunker. For the next three months, as Berlin crumbled, Hitler and a few of his closest confidants would rarely see the light of day; a few would not leave the bunker alive. The Discovery Channel supplies pictures and stories of what happened to the people holed up in Hitler's bunker at the end of the war.
http://dsc.discovery.com/anthology/unsolvedhistory/hitler/photogallery/photogallery.html

HISTORIAN MIKE DAVIS ATTACKED IN"THE GUARDIAN"
UC Irvine Professor Mike Davis's story about Winston Churchill's approval of a plan to use anthrax on Germans is assailed in"The Guardian".
http://www.ocweekly.com/ink/03/11/cover-brennan.php

IKE'S BATHROOM
President Dwight Eisenhower, who suffered a heart attack in September 1955, ran the country from room 6044 of Fitzsimons Army Hospital for the next seven weeks. Recognizing the room's historic importance the powers that be at the hospital decided the time was right to recognize the VIP suite that was occupied by ailing military brass before the hospital closed.
http://www.westword.com/issues/2002-11-14/chotz.html/1/index.html

HISTORY OF THE SONG, DIXIE
Cynthia Johnston from NPR reports on the origins of"Dixie" a song strongly identified with the South stirs emotion and exposes timeworn rifts across American society. It's accepted with affection by many whites and scorned by many blacks. And yet it's been recorded by everyone from Elvis Presley to the Robert Shaw chorale.
http://www.npr.org/programs/morning/features/patc/dixie/index.html

HISTORY OF THE ELECTRIC CHAIR
The electric chair is on its way out as an instrument of death in the United States. Nebraska is the last state to offer no alternative method of execution. A book by Richard Moran chronicles the history of the electric chair. Listen while Moran speaks with NPR's Scott Simon.
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=837560

EGYPTIAN TV SHOW BASED ON PROTOCOLS OF ZION
Listen while NPR's Peter Kenyon in Cairo reports on a controversial television series airing during the holy month of Ramadan on Egyptian television. The series, an historical melodrama, draws on a notorious anti-Semitic forgery known as the"Protocols of the Elders of Zion."
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=844493

"MYTHOLOGY IS HOT"
Mythology is everywhere, from commercial products, to movies, to video games. Mike Foley writes an article about a couple who wrote the book Mythology for Dummies explaining myth in modern stories.
http://www.indystar.com/print/articles/7/001081-9077-047.html

HOW NAZIS TAUGHT KIDS TO HATE JEWS
Teaching hatred of Jews to children in their classrooms and perpetuating centuries-old stereotypes helped Adolf Hitler build his Nazi war machine, a local historian and author says. Gregory Paul Wegner, a University of Wisconsin-La Crosse educational studies professor and author of a new book, Anti-Semitism and Schooling Under the Third Reich.
http://www.lacrossetribune.com/articles/2002/11/16/news/3.txt

INSIDE MEXICAN PYRAMID, BURIED CLUES LINK ANCIENT CULTURES
In excavations at the Pyramid of the Moon near Mexico City, archaeologists think they have found an answer to a perplexing question about two of the Western Hemisphere's greatest ancient cultures: what links, if any, existed between the people of Teotihuacan, in central Mexico, and the Maya civilization located mainly in southern Mexico and Guatemala?
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/19/science/social/19JADE.html

DEATH OF THE LONG TERM PAPER
Is the high school history research paper dead? Not the wimpy, minimally sourced essay dashed off minutes before first period kicks off, but the intense, 25-page project requiring months of reading, underlining, and hand-wringing.
http://www.boston.com/dailyglobe2/322/metro/Lessons_of_history_abridged+.shtml

NOW EVEN GERMANS CAN ACKNOWLEDGE THAT SOME GERMANS WERE VICTIMS IN WORLD WAR II
In the course of this year’s process of Normalisierung, Germans feel that it has at last become acceptable to portray Germans, especially the civilians, as victims alongside the other victims of the Nazis.
http://www.thescotsman.co.uk/s2.cfm?id=1272402002

THE ARMENIAN MASSACRE
Filmmaker Atom Egoyan provides a history of the 1915 attack on Armenians that left more than a million dead.
http://www.calendarlive.com/movies/reviews/cl-et-ararat15nov15,0,5495916.story?coll=cl%2Dmovies%2Dfeatures

THE GOLDEN AGE OF ISLAM IS A MYTH
Serge Trifkovic, author of the new book The Sword of the Prophet: A Politically-Incorrect Guide to Islam calls into question the historic period known as the Islamic Golden Age.
http://www.frontpagemag.com/Articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=4626

HEMINGWAY'S BASEMENT UNSEALED
Forty years ago, the Cuban government sealed a basement near Havana. Inside are thousands of Ernest Hemingway's documents, papers that scholars have been awaiting for decades. Finally, the room has been unlocked.
http://discover.npr.org/rundowns/segment.jhtml?wfId=843416

BAGHDAD'S DUSTY SILVER SCREENS
The Guardian explores the origin and history of Iraq's film industry, which has fallen victim to 12 years of sanctions.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/elsewhere/journalist/story/0,7792,840835,00.html

THE ORIGIN OF TAPS
According to a history compiled by Arlington National Cemetery, taps was the inspiration of General Daniel Adams Butterfield, a brigade commander in the Union Army of the Potomac, who was unhappy with the army's stiff and formal bugle call for lights out.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/11/opinion/11TRUS.html

SPANIARDS AT LAST CONFRONT THE GHOST OF FRANCO
It was 1975 when General Francisco Franco died, a monumental event in Spain's history that brought to an end nearly four decades of dictatorship and ushered in an era of modern democratic rule. only now, however, is the country finally beginning to confront the terror of the 1936 army uprising and civil war that brought the generalissimo to power.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/11/international/europe/11SPAI.html

DEEP-SIXED ISN'T DEEP ENOUGH
Once, if an item was tossed overboard, or a ship lost at sea, that was the end of it. Something"deep-sixed" was, by definition, irretrievable. No more. Modern investigators, most with advanced gear, are probing the depths for vanished gold and astronaut capsules, Nazi cargo and the lost city of Atlantis. Their finds range from significant to silly. William J. Broad reports on the variety of items which they plan to and have already found.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/10/weekinreview/10BROA.html

A BUSH DYNASTY BEGINS TO LOOK REAL
Until last week, American history had not been very kind to the idea of political dynasty at the national level. Adam Clymer discusses earlier dynasties in the history of politics and how they have failed. But it is hard to imagine a better week for one family's dynastic prospects than the one that began with President Bush, after taking the risk of relentless campaigning, regaining a Senate majority for his party and becoming the first Republican president to gain House seats in an off-year election.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/10/weekinreview/10CLYM.html

ROVE DECLARES NATION IS TILTING TO REPUBLICANS
Michael Janofsky writes an article on the thoughts of Karl Rove, the Bush administration's chief political strategist, he sites numerous reasons as to why voters have given Republicans control over the Senate and expanded their hold on the House. Mr. Rove heaped all the credit on Mr. Bush, saying his demonstration of leadership after the Sept. 11 attacks played a major role in how Americans viewed the president, the presidency and Republicans.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/14/politics/campaigns/14ROVE.html

DOES MINOR ERROR IN NEW BOOK BY HOLOCAUST WRITER WARRANT CRITICISM?
Six years after his first book on the Holocaust stirred intense debate and introspection in Germany, Daniel Jonah Goldhagen is again provoking outrage with a new book that accuses the Roman Catholic Church of being morally delinquent during the Nazi killing of Jews. Yet a case of mistaken identity in a photo caption has caused the archdiocese of Munich to sue the German publisher of Mr. Goldhagen's book. Yet Mr. Goldhagen asserts that the lawsuit is a crude attempt to discredit a book that puts the church under an unsparing microscope.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/14/international/europe/14GERM.html

JAMES Q. WILSON: ISLAM AND TOLERANCE
Reconciling religion and freedom has been the most difficult political task most nations have faced. James Q. Wilson discusses how the story of that mastery and that failure occupies several centuries of human history, in which one dominant culture, the world of Islam, was displaced by a new culture, that of the West. He believes the West has mastered the problem of reconciling religion and freedom, while several Middle Eastern nations have not.
http://www.city-journal.org/html/12_4_the_reform_islam.html

BESCHLOSS INTERVIEWED ABOUT FDR AND THE JEWS
Michael Beschloss:"I think the vast Jewish support for FDR may have kept him from doing more to stop the Holocaust."
http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=5998716&BRD=1425&PAG=461&dept_id=154733&rfi=6

HISTORIAN THOMAS PAKENHAM LEAVES HISTORY BEHIND TO CELEBRATE TREES
In addition to writing important historical works like The Scramble for Africa, The Boer War, and The Year of Liberty, military historian Thomas Pakenham is known for his two photography books on great trees.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/12/science/life/12CONV.html?ex=1037768400&en=5355cc94f49429cf&ei=5040&partner=MOREOVER

SOVIET LEGEND DIES HARD
Just as American schoolchildren learn the parable of George Washington and the cherry tree, Soviet students for decades were taught the morality tale of Pavlik Morozov. For them, the story drove home the lesson that loyalty to the state should supersede loyalty to one's family.
http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-pavlik12nov12001440,0,4363385.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Dworld

THE GREATEST EXPLORER YOU NEVER HEARD OF
In 1405, at the age of 34, Chinese explorer Zheng He set out at the head of one of the greatest fleets ever to sail the seas, a fleet that rivaled the Spanish Armada and Japan's Pacific fleet in World War II.
http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?click_id=588&art_id=vn20021111065452169C237696&set_id=1

DID H.G. WELLES PLAGIARIZE THE OUTLINE OF HISTORY?
In the 1920s, judges ridiculed a Canadian woman who said H.G. Wells plagiarized her book, but a modern scholar finds her case convincing.
http://www.salon.com/books/review/2002/11/07/mckillip/index.html

SLAVERY'S EFFECTS DISAPPEARED IN TWO GENERATIONS
According to a study by Dartmouth economist Bruce Sacerdote, economic disparities between the descendants of former slaves and free blacks largely disappeared within just two generations following emancipation. Sacerdote's findings may lend ammunition to opponents of slavery reparations.
http://www.frontpagemag.com/articles/ReadArticle.asp?ID=4450

POLITICAL"SPIN"
NPR's Linda Wertheimer examines the origins of political"spin", focusing on the 1984 presidential election as the first modern illustration of this phenomenon. http://www.npr.org/programs/morning/features/patc/spin/index.html

FOLLOWING WWII'S TORCH INTO IRAQ
The Allied invasion of North Africa 60 years ago resonates today.
http://www.latimes.com/news/opinion/la-oe-satloff8nov08,0,3724160.story?coll=la%2Dheadlines%2Doped%2Dmanual

THE DUSTBIN OF HISTORY
According to Darwinism, species that adapt to their environment thrive; those that fail to evolve face extinction. The same is true for ideas. Foreign Policy has invited six notable minds to sort through the historical dustbin of once-prevalent 20th-century political ideas and share what they found.
http://www.foreignpolicy.com/issue_novdec_2002/dustbin.html

HOW PRESIDENT VAN BUREN HELPED SYRIAN JEWRY
The earliest collective action by American Jews on behalf of their overseas brethren came in 1840, in response to a false"blood libel" charge in Damascus.
http://jewishworldreview.com/jewish/history.html

HELPING EUROPE REMEMBER
Teams of historians in six countries are currently putting the finishing touches on an unprecedented project that links key national museums on one dedicated website to provide a gateway and a detailed guide to the conflicts that forged modern Europe. The website, which was launched last month, forms a unique archive of the 20th century.
http://www.guardian.co.uk/elsewhere/journalist/story/0,7792,836387,00.html

THE SAUDIS' BRAND OF ISLAM AND ITS PLACE IN HISTORY (NY TIMES BOOK REVIEW)
In The Two Faces of Islam, Stephen Schwartz argues that the closeness to power of one who proclaims Jewish women to be Muslim slaves illustrates the deep hypocrisy and corruption of politics in Saudi Arabia, a corruption that has existed since the 18th century. Schwartz's book is essentially a history of Wahhabism, which is still Saudi Arabia's official, exclusive and, in Schwartz's view, darkly medieval religion.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/08/books/08BOOK.html

MARY BETH NORTON INTERVIEWED ABOUT SALEM WITCH TRIALS ON NPR
Host Liane Hansen talks to Mary Beth Norton, professor of history at Cornell University, about Norton's book In the Devil's Snare: The Salem Witchcraft Crisis of 1692.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=152427

HISTORY OF HOLLYWOOD SIGN (NPR)
On Morning Edition, Special Correspondent Renée Montagne investigates the origins of the famous sign.
http://www.npr.org/programs/morning/features/patc/hollywoodsign/index.html

IRAQ'S HISTORY IS OUR HISTORY TOO
Archeologists and lawyers are urging the U.S. government to take account of historic sites in Iraq as the military draws up its strategy. Experts estimate that the number of archaeological sites in Iraq could be anywhere between 10,000 and 100,000.
http://www.theartnewspaper.com/news/article.asp?idart=10250

AMERICAN POLITICAL DYNASTIES
Stephen Hess, the leading expert on political dynasties in American politics, talks with NPR about the history of the country's 19 leading dynasties, including the Bush family.
http://search.npr.org/cf/cmn/segment_display.cfm?segID=152332

COLUMBUS DEBUNKER RAKES IN THREE-QUARTERS OF A MILLION DOLLARS
Gavin Menzies claims the Chinese beat Columbus to America. Despite criticism from academics that his theory is no more than"a tower of hypotheses," publisher Transworld paid 500,000 pounds ($780,000) for the rights to"1421 -- The Year China Discovered the World," a huge sum for an unknown author.
http://story.news.yahoo.com/news?tmpl=story2&cid=570&ncid=570&e=7&u=/nm/20021031/sc_nm/people_menzies_dc_1

HISTORY THAT CALLS FOR A BIT OF THE HAM
The relationship between historians and television has changed dramatically in the past few years. This has been proven again by the audience Simon Schama's"A History of Britain" has received. Julie Salamon discusses Mr. Schama and the style of his documentary and what television is looking for in the future.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/03/arts/television/03SALA.html

FORMER IRANIAN HOSTAGE TAKER NOW TAKES ON MULLAHS
Mr. Asgharzadeh's politics have come a long way from the militant Muslim activism he subscribed to 23 years ago when he and two other students organized an assault on the American Embassy in Tehran, taking dozens of diplomats hostage for 444 days.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/11/05/international/middleeast/05TEHR.html


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