How Much Is Your Vote Worth?
Under the Constitution, electoral votes are apportioned to states according to the total number of senators and representatives from each state. So even the smallest states, regardless of their population, get at least three electoral votes.
But there is a second, less obvious distortion to the “one person, one vote” principle. Seats in the House of Representatives are apportioned according to the number of residents in a given state, not the number of eligible voters. And many residents — children, noncitizens and, in many states, prisoners and felons — do not have the right to vote.
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Richard A. Johnson - 11/3/2008
Based on the 2000 census the 2008 ‘electoral college votes’ are also skewed a bit now as the population movements aren’t considered.
However, I still feel that the census every ten years of the folks alive in the state at that time is a good measure, and will be fine, even if the felons and kids can’t vote.