SOURCE: Black Perspectives
by Tejai Beulah Howard
Overcoming marginalization by male classmates, Pauli Murray made a bet with a professor that segregation could be challenged by arguing that separate was inherently unequal. Murray collected on the bet only after the 1954 ruling validated the argument, but was long denied credit.
by Leslie T. Fenwick
Brown v. Board was meant to ensure that children of different racial groups would share classrooms. But resistance to allowing Black teachers and principals to oversee white students' education led an estimated 100,000 Black educators to leave their profession.
SOURCE: The Conversation
by Pedro A. Noguera
Ongoing residential segregation by race and income, along with school reforms allowing parents to exercise choice in school attendance, have contributed to ongoing patterns of segregated public education that threaten the nation's ability to create a pluralistic democracy.
SOURCE: The New Yorker
Derrick Bell's frustrations with the limits of liberal individualism in civil rights jurisprudence pushed him to develop the important critique of institiutional racism in the law.
Ruby Bridges, whose integration of New Orleans Schools in 1960 was captured by Norman Rockwell, has written a children's history book about her experiences.
SOURCE: The New Yorker
by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor
The Supreme Court has historically supported democratic and egalitarian change only when forced by social movements. People must stop looking to the power invested in the court and start looking for the power latent in themselves.
SOURCE: Southern Poverty Law Center
The SPLC contends that school funding programs, including vouchers and charter schools, help to preserve and extend racial segregation in the South.
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