Mario Fiorentini (1918-2022): The Last Surviving Italian Partisan
by David Broder
After Nazi German occupied post-Mussolini Rome, Fiorentini escaped from prisons four times during twenty months of anti-Nazi struggle. He remained an important witness for a society prone to forgetting the horrors of far-right politics.
Remember, too, the Victims Nazis Singled Out for their Politics
by Adam J. Sacks
A German organization dedicated to the remembrance of left-wing victims of the Nazis has had its charitable status revoked. While the history of Nazism's persecution and murder of Jews and other groups is rightly commemorated, Nazism's violence against the political left has been obscured.
SOURCE: New York Times
Justus Rosenberg, Beloved Professor With a Heroic Past, Dies at 100
Bard literature professor Justus Rosenberg helped artists and intellectuals free Vichy France, fought in the French Resistance, and aided the allied armies' march across Europe before emigrating to the United States and beginning a long academic career.
The International Brigades of the Spanish Civil War were the First Jewish Resistance to Fascism
by Giles Tremlett
The International Brigades drew 35,000 volunteers to oppose the forces of fascism in 1936, including 5,000 Jews, who deserve recognition as the first armed fighters against the political movement that culminated in the Holocaust.
SOURCE: New York Times
New Book of Family History Recreates the Anti-Nazi Resistance in Germany
Rebecca Donner, great-great-neice of Mildred Harnack, an American-born woman executed in 1943 for anti-Nazi activity in Germany, has written a book of family history that also shows the melting away of German delusions about Hitler's intentions and power.
"We Just Did What We Had To": Telling the Story of a Slovenian Partisan and a Kiwi POW
by Doug Gold
The author tells a dramatic story of World War II: the meeting of his in-laws, a Slovene partisan fighter and a Kiwi prisoner of war under Nazi occupation.
SOURCE: New York Review of Books
What the FBI Had on Grandpa
by Molly Jong-Fast
"I never considered my grandfather to be a danger to the republic, but J. Edgar Hoover disagreed." The FBI surveilled writer Howard Fast extensively, though, as he wrote in his autobiography, "the eleven hundred pages detailed every—or almost every—decent act I had performed in my life."
SOURCE: The New York Times
Coronavirus Depletes the Keepers of Europe’s Memory
The pandemic has hastened the departure of witnesses to the wrenching conflicts of the last century, allowing rising political forces to recast history.
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