• The Long Shadow of Racial Fascism

    by Alberto Toscano

    Black thinkers have long argued that racial slavery created its own unique form of American fascism.

  • ‘One Man, and One Man Alone’: Mussolini’s War

    by John Gooch

    Mussolini acted on the spur of the moment, always sensitive to the need to be seen as Hitler’s equal.  Rarely did anyone ever try to talk him out of a chosen course, and when they did so they failed.  You couldn’t reason with him.

  • The Right's War on Universities

    by Ruth Ben-Ghiat

    "From the fascist years in Europe, nearly a century ago, to our own times, right-wing leaders have accused universities of being incubators of left-wing ideologies and sought to mold them in the image of their own propaganda, policy, and policing aims."

  • Il Donald

    by Anne Applebaum

    Although Mussolini's displays of pomp seem ridiculous, they are understandable as theater, in which the leader associated himself with symbols of Italian greatness. There is no contemporary comparison to be made....

  • Stopping Trump’s Coup

    by Jim Sleeper

    A phalanx of fomer officials was persuaded by a book to publicly press for abandoning tactical nuclear warfare as a military strategy because of the risk of global annihilation. The prospect of a Trump coup requires living former presidents to close ranks against the prospect of ignoring or challenging the election results. 

  • America Is About to Enter its Years of Lead

    Donald Trump's Proud Boy supporters and other far-right groups may not be able to seize power, but they don't need to. Political science research on episodes of political violence shows that creating and maintaining tension around the possibility of violence can intimidate the left, encourage law enforcement crackdown, and manipulate public opinion. 

  • Is it Fascism Yet?

    Columnist Renée Graham cites Ruth Ben-Ghiat's history of Italian fascism as a warning about authoritarianism's growth. 

  • Fascism Scholar Says U.S. Is 'Losing Its Democratic Status'

    Political theorist Jason Stanley discusses where the United States today fits into his definitions of fascism. Trump's claims to personally protect Americans from humiliation, the rise of conspiratorial thinking, and the fragility of democratic processes are not encouraging signs.

  • ‘Weimar America’? The Trump Show Is No Cabaret

    by Niall Ferguson

    Popular culture and lazy historical comparisons have elevated Weimar Germany as an analogue for contemporary America. Ferguson suggests reasons to dial back the comparisons; while current events are troubling, US democracy is more stable and stronger than the Weimar Republic.

  • The Return of American Fascism

    by Sarah Churchwell

    Trump may lack the discipline and ­grandeur to which the original fascist spectacles aspired, but he doesn’t lack the grandiosity. What makes Trump so clownish is the delusional gap between the claims he makes and the figure he presents. 

  • What We Don't Understand About Fascism

    by Victoria de Grazia

    It is less useful to draw comparisons between today's right-wing politics and past fascist parties than it is to understand how broad crisis in society resembles the conditions from which fascism arose. 

  • Fascism: A Concern

    Is the application of "fascism" to describe today's politics accurate or useful? Historians including Samuel Moyn, Ruth Ben-Ghiat, David A. Bell, and Heather Ann Thompson add perspective.