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Fifteenth Amendment


  • The Second Floundering

    by Brook Thomas

    Although scholars have identified the Reconstruction Amendments as a redemption of the flaws of the original Constitution, it's important to understand, as critics did at the time, that the 14th and 15th Amendments left many gaps in the American democracy. 



  • ‘We Were Always Men’

    by Henry Louis Gates Jr.

    One hundred and fifty years ago, Frederick Douglass understood the link between voting rights and manhood for African-Americans.