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political violence



  • "Great Replacement" Shows how Many Americans Have Embraced Whites-Only Democracy

    by Adam Serwer

    Whether they blame a secret cabal of elites or the Democratic Party, proponents of "replacement" rhetoric share a belief that legitimate citizenship is racially exclusive and that legitimate elections require white voters to get what they want, echoing anti-immigrant and eugenics rhetoric of the early 20th century.


  • Historians on the Mainstreaming of the "Great Replacement" Myth

    by HNN Staff

    This conspiratorial claim of a plot by elites to replace whites with nonwhite and immigrant voters has moved from the far-right fringe to cable news and appears to have played a part in the radicalization of several mass shooters. Historians discuss what it is and what it means. 



  • Buffalo Mass Shooting Demands We Think About American Racism

    by Keeanga-Yamahtta Taylor

    The gunman's manifesto shows the dangerous convergence on the right of anti-Black racism and a belief in white persecution. It also shows why the right is working so hard to fight teaching about racism in history classes. 



  • A Brief History of Violence in the Capitol

    Historian Joanne Freeman explains that the threat of violence has been a useful tool for minority factions in the government to thwart opposition, both in the pre-Civil War era and today.   



  • How Disinformation Powers Vigilantism

    Right wing misinformation has linked the nation's borders with race war discourse that encourages vigilantism, according to historian Carly Goodman. 



  • The Dangerous “Patriotism” of the January 6 Insurrection

    by Ben Railton

    The participants in the attack on the Capitol a year ago reflected a "mythic patriotism" founded on the belief in an authentic, white, Christian nation under attack by enemies dangerous enough to justify any measures in opposition. 


  • A Year Later: Our Tattered and Fragile Democracy

    by James D. Zirin

    American political institutions face a crisis: can they defend themselves against a growing movement that will deploy violence to achieve its goals, or will January 6 become the new normal? 



  • America as a Tactical Gun Culture

    by Chad Kautzer

    "Vigilantism is fueled by an individualist notion of sovereignty more dangerous than any military-grade weaponry. It rejects the freedom of others as equal to one’s own and views any attempt to support such equality as tyranny."



  • Kathleen Belew on Her "Field Guide to White Supremacy"

    Belew discusses the impact of the Charlottesville civil lawsuit verdict, the ongoing prosecutions of Capitol rioters, and the ongoing problem of white supremacist, neo-Nazi and right-wing extremist organizations.