Jonathan Katz discusses his new biography of Smedley Butler, the Marine officer who pivoted from leading the fight for American empire to blowing the whistle on an alleged coup against FDR in 1934.
SOURCE: The Guardian
by Sally Denton
"In a climate of conspiracies and intrigues, and against the backdrop of charismatic dictators in the world such as Hitler and Mussolini, the sparks of anti-Rooseveltism ignited into full-fledged hatred."
SOURCE: The New Republic
by Patrick Iber
After leading Marines to secure the American empire in the wake of the Spanish-American War, Major Smedley Butler by 1935 repented and called himself "a racketeer for capitalism."
SOURCE: Washington Post
by Gillian Brockell
Major General Smedley Butler (USMC) told Congress in 1933 that a group of business leaders had asked him to lead a coup against FDR. He insisted the plot was serious and credible. Has this episode faded from awareness because it was a hoax, or because Roosevelt and Congress all wanted to conceal how close it came to succeeding?
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