SOURCE: New York Times
"Sucheng Chan, a retired historian and the author of more than 15 books on Asian American history, notes that this region, called the Southern Mines, was home to almost half of the Chinese in California in 1860," but that history is poorly preserved for visitors today.
by Mae Ngai
The Chinese Question and Chinese exclusion policies that circumnavigated the Anglo-American world in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries grew in local soils, and shifted and evolved as it crossed the Pacific world and supported the consolidation of British and American power over global emigration and trade."
SOURCE: The Atlantic
by Mae Ngai
Anti-Asian racism draws from different historical origins than Jim Crow, but their histories are part of the same conflict: whether White Americans are entitled to rule over other people, domestically or globally.
Historian Benjamin Madley says what whites did to Indians in the 19th century in California was genocide.
He estimates that between 9,000 and 16,000 Indians were killed by vigilantes, state militiamen and federal soldiers between 1846 and 1873, mainly a result of the Gold Rush.
by Steve Boggan
What a few weeks difference may have made.
by Edward Dolnick
The fascinating story of the Gold Rush and how it challenged American assumptions about life, work and glory.
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