News Archives: Latest

News Archives

comments powered by Disqus

More Comments:

HNN - 11/19/2004

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #46; 18 November 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website at http//www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch

2. CONGRESS RECONVENES -- SET TO ACT ON APPROPRIATIONS AND HISTORY BILLS 3. NEW EDUCATION SECRETARY NAMED 4. PUBLIC VAULTS EXHIBIT OPENS 5. CLINTON PRESIDENTIAL LIBRARY OPENS 6. BITS AND BYTES: Smithsonian Folklore and Oral History Interviewing Guide; New White House Counsel Namedj 7. ARTICLES OF INTEREST: "First Americans May Have Crossed Atlantic 50,000 Years Ago" (Christian Science Monitor)

As long-time readers of this publication are aware, the National Coalition for History (NCH) is supported largely by the voluntary contributions of over 70 institutional supporters. Collectively, they provide most of the history coalition's annual operating budget. Each year though we depend on our readers for a small percentage of our budget (about 3%).

Nearly every week throughout the year the NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE has been delivering to you vital news and information about what's going on of interest to the history and archive community on Capitol Hill and throughout the nation. Today, we appeal to you, our readers, to give something back: Please make a special end-of-year TAX-DEDUCTIBLE contribution to the National Coalition for History.

Though the 108th Congress is not yet over, the history coalition already has a record of accomplishments this year. Working within a particularly difficult budget environment, the history coalition and its member organizations continued to focus on appropriation issues on behalf of history and archives related federal agencies. Those agencies include the National Archives and Records Administration (including the National Historical Publications and Records Commission), the National Endowment for the Humanities (including the "We the People" program), and the Department of Education. Once again this year -- due in part to our ongoing efforts
-- an excess of $100 million is expected to flow for the Department of Education (ED) "Teaching American History" grant program.

The NCH also is playing a critical role in coordinating efforts of member organizations to insure that the nomination process for the next Archivist of the United States -- Allen Weinstein -- is not politicized. On the legislative front, through our partnership efforts, the NHPRC has been reauthorized (P.L. 108-383). This year we have also joined several lawsuits to insure greater governmental openness, to fight government secrecy, and to protect intellectual property rights. On an ongoing basis we are monitoring legislation of concern to our communities (i.e. Title VI of the Higher Education Act, presidential sites legislation etc.) and the activities of federal agencies (i.e. the National Park Service, Library of Congress, and the Smithsonian Institution).

As we approach the holiday giving season, the NCH Board of Directors invite you to make an end-of-the-year contribution to the history coalition. Your contribution will help insure the continuation of our important education and advocacy activities to advance the interests of the historical and archival communities.

Contributions may be made payable to the "National Coalition for History"
and are FULLY TAX DEDUCTIBLE (federal tax ID #01-0688590) for federal income tax purposes.

Please send your contribution to: National Coalition for History, 400 A Street SE, Washington D.C. 20003.

All contributions will be acknowledged in writing.

2. CONGRESS RECONVENES -- SET TO ACT ON APPROPRIATIONS AND HISTORY BILLS Congress returned to Washington this week and, if all goes well, is set to act on a number of appropriations and authorizing bills including Senator Lamar Alexander's (R-TN) "American History and Civics Education Act."

Congress's main order of business is action on a proposed $385 billion omnibus spending bill for the 2005 fiscal year that began 1 October 2004.
The bill -- that at this writing is still taking shape -- is expected to lump together a new foreign aid bill and as many as eight other outstanding appropriation measures. Managers have been working for the last two weeks to bridge the $8 billion differences between the House and Senate passed versions of the remaining spending bills. A few of the more contentious bills may be left out of the omnibus package because of expense or controversial provisions.

Hill insiders report that in the final version of the omnibus bill even popular domestic programs will be squeezed and may experience unexpected cuts. Federal aid to education, for example, running about $60 billion a year, could lose hundreds of millions of dollars. Programs like the "Teaching American History" initiative are perhaps less vulnerable than others, but the fact remains, as one Hill insider commented, "these are difficult times."

While House and Senate conferees try to come to agreement on outstanding appropriation matters, dozens of authorizing bills are moving through Congress in a last minute effort to enact measures that have languished in various committees for months. For example, House and Senate staff have ironed out a new version of Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN) and Representative Roger Wicker's (R-MS) legislation, "American History and Civics Education Act of 2004" (H.R. 5360).

The new bill version includes a number of provisions that the National Coalition for History has been advocating for inclusion in a rewrite of the legislation. The bill has been revised to authorize workshops "for both veteran and new teachers of American history and civics" -- language that was sorely missing in the original bill version. This line serves to complement and build upon the language in the already authorized "Teaching American History" initiative that is administered by the Education Department. The bill now also contains an statutory authorization for the National History Day (NHD) Program. The bill authorizes the Secretary of Education to award grants to NHD, "for the purpose of continuing and expanding its activities to promote the study of history and improve instruction."

U.S. Secretary of Education Roderick R. Paige resigned this week making him the fourth member of President Bush's cabinet to leave the administration before the start of his second term. Keeping to a pattern of naming trusted White House staff to vacated cabinet positions, the president has named domestic policy advisor Margaret La Montagne Spellings as the nation's eighth secretary of education.

In 2001, Roderick Paige became the seventh education secretary in the nation's history and the first African-American to assume that position.
Though administration officials have said that the 71 year old Paige is leaving of his own accord, Hill insiders report that there is little doubt that the White House grew unhappy with his performance. Earlier this past year, Paige drew heavy criticism from Republicans and Democrats alike when he referred to the National Education Association, the largest teachers'
union in the country, as a "terrorist organization." A 2003 report in the National Journal also ranked Paige near the bottom of President Bush's cabinet members in terms of influence within the administration and clout on Capitol Hill.

Ms. Spellings has been involved in shaping education policy for George W.
Bush since he was the governor of Texas. She was one of the principal architects of the president's "No Child Left Behind" act and has been his chief domestic policy advisor for the last four years. In making his announcement, the president characterized Spellings as an "energetic reformer" who has a "special passion for this cause [of school reform]." Both Republicans and Democrats on Capitol Hill lauded the nomination. Spellings is expected to win easy confirmation.

After four years of planning the National Archives finally opened its "Public Vaults" exhibit on 12 November 2004. This 9,000 square foot permanent exhibit displays the letters, films, recordings, photographs, and maps that are the underpinnings of American history. This $7 million public-private partnership between the National Archives and the Foundation for the National Archives is intended to make the archives more accessible
-- and to make history more interesting to visitors.

"Public Vaults" provides a sampling of the archives' vast holdings and encourages visitors to search deeper into records. It features a selection of presidential documents, sound recordings that presidents recorded, investigatory records, newsreels, immigration records, and patent applications.

The exhibit begins with the Record of America hallway; this central pathway takes the visitor on a journey through time and the changing technology of records. Branching off of this pathway are five "vaults." In addition to original records, each vault features new electronic tools that allow the visitor to explore fragments of our past in astonishing detail. The Public Vaults draws its themes from words in the Preamble to the Constitution We the People – records of family and citizenship; To Form a More Perfect Union – records of liberty and law; Provide for the Common Defense – records of war and diplomacy; Promote the General Welfare – records of frontiers and firsts; and To Ourselves and Our Posterity – keeping records for future generations.

Some rooms appear like a library, others have borrowed the vertical-box look of storage unit shelving. Interactive touch screens give visitors the option of calling up more material on a specific subject. The designers have also incorporated new film editing techniques into the exhibit. The film editing display allows the visitor to use the archives exquisite footage of D-Day to edit his or her own two-minute version of the landing on D-Day.

For more information please visit the NARA's "Public Vaults" exhibit web page at:

On 18 November 2004, the William J. Clinton Presidential Library was dedicated on the south bank of the Arkansas River. In attendance were representatives from both the Republican and Democratic parties, former President Clinton and his wife Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton, President George Bush, former Presidents Bush and Carter, and other dignitaries.

The Little Rock facility houses the William J. Clinton Presidential Library, the Clinton School of Public Service, and the Clinton Foundation offices. The Clinton presidential center will be the 12th presidential library built in the United States. The $165 million price tag will make this 30-acre center the largest and most expensive presidential library constructed to date.

The library contains eight C-5 cargo planes worth of presidential materials including nearly 2 million photographs, 80 million pages of records and documents, 75,000 gifts and artifacts, and 21 million email messages. The archive is the repository of the written, video and audio records of the Clinton-Gore Administration, and beginning in 2005 will be available to historians, students and others with an interest in researching the Clinton presidency. The center has a full-time educator on staff who will regularly host school groups for on-site lessons.

James Polshek, a New York architect, created the unique building design which is meant to resemble a glass bridge to the 21st century, and Ralph Appelbaum Associates designed the exhibits. The 20,000 square-foot museum contains thematic alcoves depicting important milestones in the Clinton presidency, such as the economic boom and elimination of the deficit, reducing crime and promoting peace and democracy in the world. It features a multi-media timeline of world events between 1993 and 2001, interactive flat-screen displays and a whirl of high-tech gadgets, a full-scale replica of the Cabinet Room and the Oval Office, and several exhibits that detail life in the White House, including "State Events" "Welcoming the World" and "Making The House a Home."

The Library is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, including high-definition television screens and 19 interactive stations. Visitors can enter any date during the entire Clinton presidency and see the president's complete schedule for that day. They can also sit in chairs around the cabinet room table and view information about each cabinet department on monitors built into the tabletop.

The opening of the Clinton library may well provide new fuel for the long-standing debate over the value of presidential libraries. The archival component of presidential libraries -- the part that provides a one-stop research opportunity for scholars -- rarely sparks controversy, but the museum component frequently does. And the Clinton library will be no exception to the rule. Just as critics of the Richard Nixon presidential library claim it minimizes Watergate in its exhibitry, the Clinton library will be criticized, (as the Washington Times proclaims in its page-one story headline) for "Whitewashing Whitewater." While it undoubtedly will take historians decades to establish the definitive view of the Clinton presidency, the Clinton library will be formative in helping to make that possible.

For more information on the Clinton Presidential Center tap into:

Item #1 -- Smithsonian Folklore and Oral History Interviewing Guide: The Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage have released a new online educational resource that presents guidelines that Smithsonian folklorists have developed for collecting folklife and oral history from family and community members. It features a concise, easy-to-use guide to conducting an interview, as well as a sample list of questions that may be adapted to each interviewer’s own needs and circumstances. The Guide concludes with a few examples of ways to preserve and present one’s findings, a selection of further readings, a glossary of key terms, and sample information and release forms. A free download of the Guide can be obtained at the Smithsonian Institution Center for Folklife and Cultural Heritage web site at: www.folklife.si.edu .

Item # 2 -- New White House Counsel Named: President Bush has appointed Harriet Miers, a long-time Texas associate as White House counsel succeeding Alberto Gonzales who has been nominated to be attorney general. In the past Miers has served as Mr. Bush's personal attorney in Texas and also as his staff secretary. Her selection ends speculation that Gonzales's successor would be be Brett Kavanaugh who is the current White House staff Secretary. Kavanaugh is still awaiting confirmation to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.

One posting this week: In "First Americans May Have Crossed Atlantic 50,000 Years Ago" (Christian Science Monitor; 18 November 2004) staff writer Peter Spotts writes of a new archaeological discovery suggests humans migrated to the western hemisphere far earlier than previously thought. For the article tap
http://www.csmonitor.com/2004/1118/p01s02-usgn.html?s=hns .

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page
at: http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message
to: listserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution. To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message
to: listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following model SIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/subscribe.cgi and at the "network" prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".

HNN - 11/16/2004

Date: Mon, 15 Nov 2004 09:23:53 -0500
From: H-Net Announcements <announce@MAIL.H-NET.MSU.EDU>

Date: Fri, 12 Nov 2004 12:06:16 -0500
From: Bruce Craig <rbcraig@historycoalition.org>
Subject: NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #45; 12 November 2004)

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #45; 12 November 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch

1. BUSH CHOICE FOR NEW ATTORNEY GENERAL EXPECTED TO GENERATE OBJECTIONS 2. CONTROVERSIAL "PRICE OF FREEDOM" EXHIBIT OPENS AT THE SMITHSONIAN 3. VATICAN TO OPEN INQUISITION RECORDS 4. BRIAN LAMBS'S "BOOKNOTES" TO END 5 DECEMBER 5. BITS AND BYTES: New H-Net "Teaching American History" Discussion Network; Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History Seminars; Officials Accused of Stalling Slave Memorial 6. ARTICLES OF INTEREST: "Presidential Libraries Are Valuable Reflections of Their Eras" (The Chronicle of Higher Education)

1. BUSH CHOICE FOR NEW ATTORNEY GENERAL EXPECTED TO GENERATE OBJECTIONS President Bush's nomination of White House Counsel Alberto R. Gonzales to replace the departing John D. Ashcroft as attorney general is expected to raise the hackles of some government openness advocates, historians, and archivists. Concerns may be raised when Gonzales appears before the U.S.
Senate in confirmation hearings.

If confirmed Gonzales will become the first Hispanic attorney general in American History. Gonzales is a loyal Bush confidant, a long-time personal friend of the president, and a staunch defender of presidential prerogatives and powers. He is credited not only with crafting some of the administration's most controversial anti-terrorism strategies but also aspects of President Bush's controversial Executive Order on Presidential Records (E.O. 13233). He is also thought to be one of the principals behind the Bush administration's effort to force the premature departure of Archivist of the United States John Carlin.

For some Hill watchers the Gonzales nomination came as something of a surprise. Many expected Gonzales, who had served on the Texas Supreme Court, to be the Bush administration's top choice for a slot on the U.S.
Supreme Court when a vacancy occurs. The decision to name Gonzales as attorney general rather than wait to advance his name for a Supreme Court vacancy is considered by some as an indication that the president may well nominate someone ideologically to the right of Gonzales, in part as a pay back to the religious right for their strong support of the president in the recent elections. Reportedly, Gonzales does not have strong pro-life beliefs, a litmus test for groups such as Focus on the Family, which had announced that the organization would not support Gonzales for the Supreme Court though he has their blessing for the attorney general slot. Gonzales, however, still may well be in the running for one of the other Supreme Court positions as several are expected to be filled by the Bush administration in the next four years.

Gonzales undoubtedly will face sharp questioning about his role in the crafting of the administration's anti-terrorism policies. Groups such as the American Civil Liberties Union and Amnesty International are expected to feed questions to Democratic members on the Senate confirmation committee and they may press the senators to be tough on Gonzales. Any questions about the PRA Executive Order and the Carlin controversy will probably not resonate as well as other concerns about the nominee's qualifications and track record.

Gonzales's successor could be Brett Kavanaugh. He currently serves as White House staff secretary. Kavanaugh, who has been waiting 16 months for confirmation to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit, is a bright young lawyer who served under Gonzales in the White House. Prior to that he was an assistant to independent counsel Kenneth Starr. Kavanaugh played a prominent role in the long-running Whitewater investigation and 1998 impeachment of President Bill Clinton. He also played an formative role in the crafting of E.O. 13233.

2. CONTROVERSIAL "PRICE OF FREEDOM" EXHIBIT OPENS AT THE SMITHSONIAN On Veteran's Day, "The Price of Freedom: Americans at War," the National Museum of American History's (NMAH) new permanent exhibit, opened to the public amid some controversy in Washington D.C.

The 18,200 square-foot exhibit provides a compelling look at U.S. military conflicts and their impact on American society from the 1750s to the 21st century. Using historical objects and documents, video and audio presentations, interactive displays, and original artwork the exhibition chronologically takes visitors through the story of how wars have shaped United States history and affected the lives of all Americans. According to Brent Glass, director of the museum, the goal of this new exhibit is to help visitors "experience the impact of war on citizen soldiers...as well as on their families and communities."

This exhibit features more than 850 objects and covers 16 conflicts, with special emphasis on the Revolutionary War, the Civil War, World War II, and Vietnam. Military enthusiasts have the opportunity to have their eyes glaze over at the obligatory array of weaponry -- from large-caliber 18th century muskets to 60 mm mortars and flame throwers. Visitors with an eye more for relics of historical figures can see the buckskin coat worn by George Custer during the Indian Wars as well as Colin Powell's fatigues worn during Operation Desert Storm.

The exhibit designers have tossed in a couple of documents here and there (most notably President Roosevelt's first draft of his Pearl Harbor speech) and they have included a interactive "voices" stations where visitors can see short audio-visual displays with quotations from actual Americans, combatants and noncombatants alike, about their wartime experiences. The exhibit also features nine short videos produced and donated by the History Channel; a number of them are superb.

This exhibit has already generated some concern from among the Smithsonian staff, and it undoubtedly it will continue to spark controversy within some historian circles and perhaps even the general public. Katherine Ott, Chair of the NMAH branch of the Smithsonian Congress Scholars, has publicly taken issue with the exhibit for the way it addresses the current war in Iraq.
"Treatment of current events without benefit of historical distance and analysis is a risky enterprise" states Ott, and placing this display under the "Price of Freedom" title "presents a partisan view of the current war and is counter to our neutral public mission." Director Glass disagrees, "It's important for a history museum to show the connection between the present and the past....students need to see something about current events as a gateway into history."

The exhibit is also drawing criticism from the committee of historians the museum assembled to advise on the exhibit. The framework of the "Price of Freedom" concerned Northwestern's Michael Sherry because it implies that freedom has always been the objective of American wars and that their "price" has been paid exclusively by Americans. Andrew Clayton, University of Miami, expressed reservations about the exhibit because he believes, "wars are more complex than simply fights for freedom." One member of the advisory committee even stated that the exhibit would make "a great recruitment exhibit."

Others have expressed concerns about what is and is not emphasized. For example, the fight over slavery in Kansas in the 1850's gets almost as much display space as the Korean War. The ever-controversial subject of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan thus ending World War II is framed only from the military rationale for it. One Washington Post reviewer of the exhibition has also taken exception to the portrayal of the 1991 Persian Gulf War (aka "Desert Storm") which he thinks comes off as "an ill-informed afterthought."

In spite of the flag-waving title of the exhibition, the fact is that this exhibition is content and artifact rich and it does not hesitate to draw attention to some American military exploits that most historians today characterize as "shameful" - the "Trail of Tears" episode, for example.
Accolades and laurels to the NMAH staff for their largely successful effort to balance the vision and desires of the exhibition's largest private funder -- California businessman and philanthropist, Kenneth E. Behring -- with their professionalism. That the new exhibit is generating controversy and may draw fire from both the academic Left and Right is evidence that the leadership and staff at the NMAH are doing what they should be doing -- challenging the visiting public to look deeper into their history.

For more information on "The Price of Freedom" exhibit please visit http://www.americanhistory.si.edu/militaryhistory .

On 9 November 2004, the Vatican announced that it had reached an agreement with the Italian government to compile a complete set of all documents relating to the Inquisition (Pope Gregory IX's Church sponsored program that was designed to curb heresy), and inventory all the documents in Italy, whether they are held by the Church or the Italian government.

The agreement was signed by Bishop Angelo Amato, the Secretary of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith; Maurizio Fallace, the Director-General of the archives for the Italian cultural ministry; and Andrea Del Col, Director of a center for Inquisition studies at the University of Trieste.

According to Vatican officials the Church is opening up more of its archives on the Inquisition as a gesture to try to come to terms with the Church's past. Such a vast project appears aimed at studying what Pope John Paul II has characterized as "wounds to the collective memory." Vatican officials hope their efforts will "respond to new trends in international research of the control of religious ideas in medieval and modern Europe."

The project seeks not only to locate, catalog, and make available to scholars documents concerning both the Roman Inquisition but the Spanish Inquisition as well. The anticipated one-stop research shop for Inquisition scholars will also help scholars find documents in church, state, and private archives as well as those in universities around the world.

3. BRIAN LAMBS'S "BOOKNOTES" TO END 5 DECEMBER After 16 years and 800 interviews, Brain Lamb will bring his long running C-SPAN series "Booknotes" to an end on 5 December 2005. The last episode of the program will feature an interview with Mark Edmundons, a professor at the University of Virginia whose book is entitled Why Read?. During the last episode Lamb will also discuss some of his more memorable interviews over the years.

The first episode of "Booknotes" featured President Carter's national security advisor Zbigniew Brzezinski who discussed his book Grand Failure.
Over the years Lamb has interviewed hundreds of notables including Mikhail Gorbachev, Margaret Thatcher, Ariel Sharon and former Presidents Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, George Bush, and Bill Clinton and virtually every historian of note. For his efforts on behalf of history over the years, Lamb is to receive the American Historical Association's Theodore Roosevelt-Woodrow Wilson Public Service Award when the association meets in Seattle in January.

Since its debut in 1989, "Booknotes" has aired at 8 p.m. and 11 p.m. ET on Sunday evenings on C-SPAN. On Sunday, December 12th, the cable network will debut a new Lamb interview tentatively titled "Q & A" in this same time slot. Featured subjects will come from many fields -- politics, science, history, medicine, and occasionally authors.

C-SPAN has digitally archived all 800 "Booknotes" interviews on Booknotes.org, a companion web site of C-SPAN's author interview series. To view these interviews visit: http://www.booknotes.org/home/index.asp.
C-SPAN will also air encore "Booknotes" programs Saturdays at 7 p.m. and Sundays at 11 a.m. on C-SPAN 2.

Item #1 -- New H-Net "Teaching American History" Discussion Network: A joint partnership of H-Net, the Organization of American Historians, and the U.S. Department of Education will create a H-TAH network. This network will cover the activities, issues, and content related to the Teaching American History program of the U.S. Department of Education. It will not be an official communications medium for the Department's staff, policies, or announcements, but it is to be operated as a joint partnership by the Organization of American Historians and H-Net in cooperation with the Department of Education. The network will link project directors, teacher participants, content providers, local education agencies, and public stakeholders through discussions, a TAH project link database, documents, and announcements. Like all H-Net lists, this network will be edited for style and content, consistent with H-Net's constitution and by-laws. The network is intended as a supplement to, and not a replacement for, existing H-Net networks that cover the teaching of American history. Logs and more information can also be found at the H-Net Web Site at:
http://www.h-net.org/~tah/ .

Item #2 -- Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History Seminars: The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History has announced that the institute will be holding nineteen one-week seminars in summer 2005 for high school and middle school teachers. Seminars are tuition-free and participants receive a $500 stipend, books, and room and board. Seminars on major topics in American history, led by eminent historians, include the Great Depression, World War II, and the American West, at Stanford University, led by David Kennedy and Richard White; North American Slavery in Comparative Perspective, at the University of Maryland, led by Ira Berlin; America Between the Wars, at Columbia University, led by Alan Brinkley and Michael Flamm; The Era of George Washington, at Brown University, led by Gordon Wood Freedom (for 4th - 8th grade teachers only) and at New York University, led by Carol Berkin and Catherine Clinton; The Age of Lincoln, at Oxford University, U.K., led by Richard Carwardine; and The Civil Rights Movement, at Cambridge University, UK, led by Anthony Badger. Applications must be postmarked by 18 March 2005. Each seminar is limited to thirty participants who are selected by competitive application.
Preference given to new applicants. E-mail seminars@gilderlehrman.org or call Sasha Rolon at 646-366-9666 with any questions. For a complete list of topics, dates, locations, and application forms please visit:
http://www.gilderlehrman.org/teachers/seminars1.html .

Item # 3 -- Officials Accused of Stalling Slave Memorial: On 8 November 2004, the Washington Times reported that some black leaders and scholars are accusing the National Park Service of dragging its feet in following through on a congressional order to commemorate the slaves kept by George Washington at the first Presidential Mansion where today the Liberty Bell is located within Independence National Historical Park in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Reportedly, this commemoration would be the first federal memorial to slavery in the nation. Park Superintendent Mary Bomar states that the delays have been caused by disagreements between historians and archeologists over exactly where Washington's slave quarters were located, as well as by a lack of funding. A copy of this article can be viewed at:
http://www.washingtontimes.com/national/20041108-121157-7594r.htm. Those interested in the controversy may also want to tap into Jill Ogline''s "Creating Dissonance for the Visitor: The Heart of the Liberty Bell Controversy" in the most recent issue of The Public Historian (Vol. 26, #3; Summer 2004).

One posting this week: In "Presidential Libraries Are Valuable Reflections of Their Eras" (The Chronicle of Higher Education; 12 November 2004) political scientist Michael Nelson of Rhodes College discusses the benefits and shortcomings of presidential libraries. Centers such as the new William J. Clinton Presidential Center that will open next week can be biased and expensive, yet they are indispensable. For the article, tap
into: http://chronicle.com/weekly/v51/i12/12b01501.htm .

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message to listserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution. To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to: listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following model SIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/subscribe.cgi and at the "network" prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".

Louis Deffaa - 11/7/2004

According to the rules of this board, one is not supposed to post defamatory remarks or make ad hominem attacks. It appears to me that Philip Nobile has done just that, calling the late C. A. Tripp "a hoaxer" who "cooked the sex data" in his forthcoming book on Lincoln, and "plagiarized more than one author." But Nobile offers no substantiation for his charge that Tripp was "a hoaxer," nor any substabntiation to his charge that Tripp "cooked the sex data," nor any substantiation to his charge that Tripp plagiarized multiple authors. Frankly, the post is not worthy of Nobile. The book has not yet been published. How can Nobile make unsubstantiated, defamatory charges about a book that is not out yet? (The publishers still have the option of making pre-publication corrections to galleys if they feel that is appropriate.) Nobile once correctly took to task a major newspaper (The LA Times, if memory serves) for alleging it had found several dozen instances of plagiarsim in an author's work, while only showing in print a small fraction of the alleged instances. Nobile asked then--correctly--how could we judge the accuracy of the newspaper's charge if the newspaper did not publicly present the evidence. It sees to me that Nobile is currently doing something similar to that which he once faulted the LA Times for doing. If he has--as he alleges--"irrefutable evidence" of fakery and plagiarism in the book, he should show it. But to simply attempt to defame a writer by branding him a "hoaxer" without offering any substantiation of that charge whatsoever is unethical. I have not yet seen Tripp's book on Lincoln. But Tripp wrote the highly respected book, "The Homosexual Matrix." Nobile shouldn't expect us to simply accept unsubstantiated attacks on a respected author. If Nobile has what he believes are valid points to make about the work, let him critique the work--not call the author names--when the work is published. And put his evidence on the table, so that we can make our own assessments. That would be fair play.

HNN - 11/6/2004

By Camille Jackson, Tolerance.org Staff Writer
Nov. 5, 2004 – Racist language referring to "colored children," segregated schools and poll taxes will remain embedded in Alabama's state Constitution after a narrow vote on Tuesday.

Amendment 2 asked voters to decide whether to remove the offensive language, deemed unconstitutional and therefore unenforceable.

Unofficial results showed that 50.9% of voters were against the largely symbolic measure. Because of the narrow margin, there will be an automatic recount later this month.

Alabama state Sen. Hank Sanders, D-Selma, called it a "sad day for Alabama," because the measure would have lifted a psychological burden from African Americans and also white Alabamians "who cannot get out of the ditch of racism."

That ditch dates to the 1950s, when many states, mostly in the South, passed laws to circumvent 1954's Brown v. the Board of Education ruling, the landmark case that desegregated schools.

The campaign against Amendment 2 was steeped in anti-tax rhetoric. Because "race is still a powerful force here," Sanders said, it's easier to create a "bogeyman of taxes" than to address racial inequality.

"The reason it failed is because of the Roy Moore gang saying [Amendment 2] would open the door for courts to increase taxes," Bobby Segall, a Montgomery attorney says, referring to the former Alabama Chief Justice best known for his battle to keep a two-ton monument to the Ten Commandments in the courthouse rotunda.

Other conservatives, including John Giles, president of the Christian Coalition of Alabama, and Tom Parker, former Moore aide and Supreme Court Justice-elect, also opposed the measure.

Alabama Gov. Bob Riley said if Amendment 2 ultimately fails to pass, he would support a replacement amendment excluding one particularly contested part.

That part reads: "nothing in this Constitution shall be construed as creating or recognizing any right to education or training at public expense."

Critics of Amendment 2 believe "public expense" translates to increased taxes, but Segall says this section was originally part of a racist scheme to underfund public schools and oppose integration.

"I think that would be very significant to take that part out," he said.

Gabriel J. Chin, co-director of the Jim Crow Study Group at the University of Arizona, agrees.

The measure does not necessarily mean increased taxes, he says; instead, wealthier school districts could share resources so all schools have equal funding. The notion that taxes will be raised serves to cloud the real issue.

"Do we want to enshrine this unconstitutional attitude towards black people?" Chin asks. When the law was passed legislators were trying to send a racist message.

"It's surprising that the message proved to be so durable."

HNN - 11/4/2004

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #44; 4 November 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch

1. REPUBLICANS KEEP CONTROL OF THE WHITE HOUSE AND CONGRESS -- THE RAMIFICATIONS FOR HISTORY/ARCHIVES 2. INTELLIGENCE REFORM IN LIMBO 3. BITS AND BITES: Paul Peck Awards; Princeton Fellowship Opportunities; Comments Sought on NARA Proposed Rules 4. ARTICLES OF INTEREST: "Controlled Explosions Threaten World Heritage Site in Iraq" (The Art Newspaper.com); "Museum Asks Ebay to Block Some Sales" (New York Times)

1. REPUBLICANS KEEP CONTROL OF THE WHITE HOUSE AND CONGRESS -- THE RAMIFICATIONS FOR HISTORY/ARCHIVES The Republican Party has retained control of the White House and both chambers of Congress following Tuesday's elections. For the first time since the 1920s the Republican Party has won control of the White House, the Senate, and the House in consecutive elections. Nevertheless, the across-the-board Republican victory is not expected to bring any big changes to archives, history, and humanities programs.

In the House, the GOP gained three seats thus retaining its decade long grip on the lower chamber. The Republicans also made moderate gains in the Senate. They now control a total of 55 seats to the Democrats 44 and one Independent.

Despite the conciliatory rhetoric expressed by President Bush, who, in his victory speech expressed a desire to heal the nation's deep partisan divide, the name of the game in Congress now is one-party rule and the Republican leadership knows it. Particularly in the House, Republicans are expected to advance a bold agenda especially in terms of tax reform, energy, the environment, and social security. Largely because of the whoping deficit caused by the war in Iraq, the Republican leadership also sees the need to advance plans to reign in the deficit. Undoubtedly, they will be considering new ways to limit or defund social and discretionary programs.

Senate Democrats are in retreat, though the larger Republican majority is not close to the 60 seats needed to end a filibuster and hence "control"
the legislative agenda of the Senate. Given the swing to the Right, many analysts expect that Democrats will be forming alliances with moderate Republicans to help stem the onslaught of radical Republican initiatives. Democrats are also coping with the ouster of Senator Tom Daschle (D-SD) whose narrow defeat leaves a leadership vacuum in the Senate. Minority Whip Harry Reid (D-NV) is expected to get the nod from his colleagues to become the new Senate Democratic Minority leader.

Since the Democrats were not able to make gains in either house, control of committees will be retained by the Republicans. There will, however, be a few new faces in leadership positions. Senator Thad Cochran (R-MS) who has a history of support for the arts, is expected to replace Senator Ted Stevens (R-AK) as the new chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee. Senator Robert C. Byrd, a great supporter of history programs, is expected to retain his position as Ranking Minority member on the committee. In the House, Representative Ralph Regula (R-OH) is widely expected to become the chair of the House Appropriations Committee. Regula is a moderate Republican who has a good history of bi-partisan relations. It is worth noting that he is an avowed enemy of Congressional earmarks.

It is probably too soon to project other key leadership changes though they are expected to take place in several committees including the Senate Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee. This is the committee of jurisdiction for a number of pending education bills, including Senator Lamar Alexander's "American History and Civics Education Act," legislation that is currently being reworked and modified. The present chair, Senator Judd Gregg (R-NH) has taken a stronger interest in history-related programs than many counterparts in years past. But Gregg is expected to become chair of the Senate Budget Committee. His likely successor on the education committee is Senator Michael B. Enzi (R-WY) who is considered by Hill insiders to be a strong Republican party "team-player." In future weeks, Republicans and Democrats will both be vying for other key spots on various committees.

Congress returns on 16 November in a lame duck session to address outstanding appropriation measures which may be addressed through a massive
omnibus bill. With control of the present and future Congress firmly in
the hands of Republican lawmakers Hill insiders do not expect major changes in appropriation levels when conferees meet to finalize the remaining budgets for federal agencies for FY 2005. Funding for the National Endowment for the Humanities is expected to remain flat or perhaps experience a slight increase. The Department of Education "Teaching American History" initiative will probably see funding of about $120 million. The National Archives budget line will remain about where it is; funding for the National Historical Publications and Records Administration is expected to be at $5 million with a chance of it being raised to $6.5 million.

The lame duck Congress is also likely to address a number of pending legislative measures (see related story below) and several confirmations that the White House would like to see finalized. To that end, the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee may well advance the nomination of Allen Weinstein to become Archivist of the United States to the Senate floor.
Once his name is advanced out of committee he should be easily confirmed.

One of the major issues that could be debated during Congress' lame duck session is the Intelligence reform bill (S. 2845). The House and Senate have each passed their own versions of this legislation and currently the measure is being conferenced. Both versions of this bill create a new national intelligence director's post and a National Counterterrorism Center, measures that were recommended by the 9/11 Commission.

There remains a huge dispute over how much power the national intelligence director would or should have at the expense of the Pentagon, which now controls about 80% of intelligence spending. Also, the Bush administration is opposed to a Senate amendment that would create an Independent National Security Classification Board, which was designed by its Senate architects to build on and supersede the Public Interest Declassification Board (PIDB). Bush administration officials argue that aspects of the amendment are unacceptable affronts to executive branch prerogatives.

According to an 18 October letter by National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice and Office of Management and Budget Director Joshua Bolton to House and Senate conferees, "The Administration supports the extension of the Public Interest Declassification Board but opposes section 226 of S. 2845, which would rename the Board as the Independent National Security Classification Board and create a Congressional right to appeal classification decisions made by an executive agency with respect to national security information....authority to make such decisions is clearly vested in the President and his designated subordinates under the Constitution." Clearly, the administration is particularly concerned about the provision that enables Congress to appeal classification decisions by the executive branch to a neutral board.

The fate of the Intelligence bill remains in limbo. Some expect that conferees will manage to iron out differences in time for the lame duck session to deal with the measure. Others feel it best not to act hastily and are quietly seeking to postpone action until the next Congress. Former Congressman Tim Roemer, one of the 9/11 Commission members, states that Congress may well "go into a lame-duck session with a dead duck issue."

Item # 1 -- Paul Peck Awards: On 28 October 2004, George M. Elsey and Brian P. Lamb were named the 2004 recipients of the National Portrait Gallery's Paul Peck Presidential Awards. The two awards seek to honor individual excellence in presidential "Service" and "Portrayal." Elsey, who served in the Roosevelt, Truman, and Johnson administrations, won the award for Service to a President, and Lamb, chairman and CEO of the cable network C-SPAN, won for Portrayal of a President. The winners received $25,000 cash and a specially designed Smithsonian medal at a gala dinner on
28 October 2004. The Paul Peck Presidential Awards were founded in 2002 and are the only award in the United States to celebrate achievement in support of the presidency.

Item # 2 -- Princeton Fellowship Opportunities: Princeton University's James Madison Program in American Ideals and Institutions invites college and university professors and other professionals with established records of scholarship to apply for research and/or research/teaching appointments for the academic year 2005-06. A PhD or JD is required to apply. Research fellows devote full-time to research while research/teaching fellows spend up to half-time teaching. Fellowships are open to all regardless of citizenship. The deadline for application materials is 1 December 2004, for appointments beginning in September 2005. For more information please
visit: http://web.princeton.edu/sites/jmadison .

Item #3 -- Comments Sought on NARA Proposed Rules: NARA has published a proposed rule and is seeking comments from Federal agencies and the public on a proposed revision to regulations to provide for the appropriate management and disposition of very short-term temporary e-mail, by allowing agencies to manage these records within the e-mail system. In a separate Federal Register notice, NARA is inviting comment on a related proposed change to General Records Schedule 23. The proposed rule may be found at:
(HTML file) or
(PDF file). The notice on GRS 23 may be found at:
(HTML file); or
(PDF file).
Comments on both are due on or before 3 January 2005.

Two articles this week, both related to the Iraq war. In "Controlled Explosions Threaten World Heritage Site in Iraq" (The Art Newspaper.com; 27 October 2004) there is a report on the "dismaying situation" caused by the constant seismic activity of U.S. army explosions near Hatra that are causing serious damage to an important ancient site that is on UNESCO's World Heritage list. Tap into:
http://www.theartnewspaper.com/news/article.asp?idart=11637 .

In "Museum Asks Ebay to Block Some Sales" (New York Times; 30 October 2004) Roger B. Land, the British Museum's Head of Treasure, has called on Ebay curtail web auctions of items believed to be looted from Iraq's National Museum and archeological sites. Ebay is reluctant to do so without proof that the items qualify as stolen treasure. For the article tap into:
http://www.nytimes.com/2004/10/30/arts/30trea.html .

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message to listserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution.

To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following model SIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/subscribe.cgi and at the "network" prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".

HNN - 10/29/2004

Editor's Note: Following is an email message sent by Philip Nobile to the LA Weekly, which this week ran an article trumpeting the findings of C.A. Tripp's forthcoming book, The Intimate Life of Abraham Lincoln.
Click here for the article:



Here is some more background on Doug Ireland's preview of a reputedly forthcoming Free Press book on Lincoln's "love of comrades. If Simon & Schuster, Free Press's parent, shows an ounce of ethics, The Intimate Life of Abraham Lincoln by the late C.A. Tripp will never be published. In short, the author was a hoaxer, somewhere between Alex Haley and Doris Kearns Goodwin. Tripp not only cooked the sex data in his borrowed thesis that Lincoln was gay, he also plagiarized more than one author, including me. I have flooded Elisa Rivlin, Simon & Schuster's chief counsel, with massive and irrefutable evidence of Tripp's fakery and copying. After four months of pondering my submissions, Ms. Rivlin is yet to deny my case. Nevertheless, she tried to buy me off with a bogus acknowledgment of my contributions to the book. Tripp and I were co-authors. I broke with him in 2000 when he refused to stop cheating history and plagiarizing other writers. His final manuscript is riddled with fabrications that he refused to discard when we were working together between 1995 and 2000. Furthermore, most of the first chapter is mine--my words, my ideas and my narrative, which Ms. Rivlin does not contest. It is my fervent hope that Simon & Schuster will come to its senses and pulp the galleys of Tripp's book--just as it did with all extant copies of Goodwin's The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys.

HNN - 10/28/2004

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #43; 28 October 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website at http//www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch

4. BITS AND BITES: Request for Comment on Draft E-Government Act
Recommendations; Updated Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) Website
5. ARTICLES OF INTEREST: "Mexico Struggles to Preserve Ancient Ruins"
(Washington Post)

While the House appears destined to remain in the hands of a Republican majority this election year, control of the Senate is up for grabs. This year there are 34 Senate seats at stake with about eight to eleven seats considered "contested" by Hill insiders.

Currently, the Senate consists of 51 Republicans, 48 Democrats, and 1 Independent who generally votes with the Democrats. A Democratic takeover of the Senate is possible if they can hold their seats vacated by retiring senators in Florida, North Carolina, and South Carolina, and win the still too-close-to-call elections taking place in Oklahoma, Colorado, and Alaska.
It's an uphill battle in these three states as political analysts are predicting that President Bush may well carry most of them in the presidential election. If Kerry pulls out ahead, however, the "coat-tail effect" may kick in, thus allowing the Democratic senatorial candidates to squeak by and win.

One very important race is the contest in South Dakota that pits the current Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle (D-SD) against the Republican challenger John Thune. Though it also is a tight race, the odds seem to favor incumbent Daschle. If Daschle loses, however, several Democratic senators will vie for Daschle's influential position as leader of the Senate democrats.

According to the Capitol Hill newspaper. Roll Call, "Each party appears to agree that the three most important issues in this years election center on health care, jobs and the war on terror, but they disagree on how to best address each of these politically charged subjects." Minority Leader Daschle has urged Democrats to focus on the economy and domestic issues of concern to the electorate. The Republican leaders are weighing in on national defense and claims that they offer the best plan to protect the nation from future terrorist attacks. Both sides agree, however, that local issues will play a vital if not key role in determining the upcoming Senate elections.

2. WHITE HOUSE OPPOSES NEW CLASSIFICATION REVIEW BOARD Recently, we have reported (see "Senate Approves New Declassification Review Board" in NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE Vol. 10, # 40; 8 October 2004) on the proposal by Senators Trent Lott (R-MS) and Ron Wyden (D-OR) to establish an Independent National Security Classification Board. Creation of the board was adopted by the Senate in its version of the intelligence reform bill a few weeks back, but the proposal is now drawing fire from the White House. Bush administration officials argue that aspects of the measure are unacceptable affronts on executive branch prerogatives.

According to an 18 October letter by National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice and Office of Management and Budget Director Joshua Bolton to House and Senate conferees, "The Administration supports the extension of the Public Interest Declassification Board but opposes section 226 of S. 2845, which would rename the Board as the Independent National Security Classification Board and create a Congressional right to appeal classification decisions made by an executive agency with respect to national security information....authority to make such decisions is clearly vested in the President and his designated subordinates under the Constitution." No word yet how or even if conferees will address the White House concerns.

Thanks to the Federation of American Scientists, a copy of the letter can be viewed at: http://www.fas.org/irp/news/2004/10/wh101804.pdf
. Additional background on the proposed new Independent National Security Classification Board and related issues may be found in "Secrecy vs.
Openness: New Proposed Arrangements for Balancing Competing Needs," a recently updated report by the Congressional Research Service, dated 12 October 2004. For a copy of that document visit:
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/RS21895.pdf .

3. HIGH SCHOOL CURRICULA FAIL TO ADEQUATELY PREPARE COLLEGE-BOUND STUDENTS ACT, the organization that administers the college-entrance examination with the same name, has released a report entitled, "Crisis at the Core:
Preparing All Students for College and Work." The report states that American high schools' core curricula insufficiently prepare students for college level work and even for job training. The report concludes that only 22 percent of the 1.2 million high-school students who took the ACT test in the 2003-04 academic year were adequately prepared for college-level courses in English, mathematics, and science.

Hither to ACT has been urging students to take a core curriculum that includes four years of English and three years each of math, natural sciences, and social studies. However, the new report argues that completion of the core curriculum no longer ensures success for high-school students in either college or the work place. Consequently, ACT is now recommending that students take at least one additional course in all four subject areas.

While the emphasis of the report is on English, math, and science, it also addresses social studies. The report found that students who took an additional history course beyond the core scored higher than those students who completed only the core social studies curriculum. The report concluded that students who take more than the three-years of core social studies classes, have higher reading scores. Reading skills are critical to college readiness; the report states that these skills should be reinforced in high school courses throughout the curriculum. Many of the important critical reading skills are emphasized in social studies courses. The average ACT Assessment Reading Test Scores document that this trend holds for both genders and all racial/ethnic groups.

For more information on this report please visit http://www.act.org/path/policy/index.html .

Item #1 -- Request for Comment on Draft E-Government Act Recommendations:
The Interagency Committee on Government Information (ICGI), a committee charged with implementing Section 207 of the E-Government Act of 2002 (Pub.L.107-347), is seeking agency and public comment on its draft document, "Recommendations for the Effective Management of Government Information on the Internet and other Electronic Records." Section 207 mandates that the ICGI recommend policies to ensure effective management of Government information on the Internet and other electronic records to the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Archivist of the United States, by 17 December 2004. The Electronic Records Policy Working Group (ERPWG), led by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), has developed these draft recommendations based on a determination of the barriers faced by agencies attempting to manage electronic information as described in the ERPWG report, "Barriers to Effective Management of Government Information on the Internet and Other Electronic Records", issued 28 June 2004. The draft document is available
at: http://www.cio.gov/documents/ICGI/ERPWG_Recommendations.pdf . Comments should be sent to: ERPWG@nara.gov or faxed to: 301-837-0319 no later than
24 November 2004.

Item #2 -- Updated Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP) Website: Teaching with Historic Places (TwHP), a National Park Service educational outreach program, has recently updated its website. With the help of the National Council for the Social Studies (NCSS) and the assistance of two TwHP interns, each TwHP lesson now has a link that shows teachers which social studies standards from the NCSS's "Curriculum Standards for Social Studies"
apply to each lesson. TwHP lessons are matched to the Performance
Expectations for Middle Grades, but the lessons often also meet the corresponding or additional performance expectations for early grades and/or high school as well. These voluntary standards promote a multi-disciplinary understanding of civic issues and involvement in civic affairs. The TwHP has also created a new social studies index page, so teachers can easily see which lessons fit within a particular "theme strand" from the standards. To visit the TwHP website please go to; http://www.cr.nps.gov/nr/twhp/ .

One posting this week: In "Mexico Struggles to Preserve Ancient Ruins" (22 October 2004) Washington Post reporter Anahi Rama finds that archaeological sites in Mexico, are "underfunded for investigation, embroiled in land conflicts, and being spoiled by the sheer number of visitors." For the article, tap in to:
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A53751-2004Oct22.html .

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message to listserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution. To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to: listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following model: SIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/subscribe.cgi and at the "network" prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".

HNN - 10/22/2004

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #42; 22 October 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website at http//www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch

(BBC News; 11 October 2004)

1. EDUCATION DEPARTMENT DESTROYS HISTORY BOOKLET According to the Los Angeles Times (8 October 2004) the Department of Education (ED) has destroyed some 300,000 copies of a 73-page booklet "Helping Your Child Learn History." The publication was ordered destroyed reportedly after the Vice President's wife and former chair of the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Lynne Cheney's office complained to department officials about the continued presence of references in the reprint booklet to the National Standards for History.

Cheney has a long history of battling against the history standards -- voluntary benchmarks developed a decade back by professional historians that were designed to improve history courses. When she served as NEH Chair, Cheney had at first championed the creation of the national standards and had helped fund the project. But after the release of the final version of the standards, Cheney criticized them and set off a an ideological feud by asserting they were not positive enough about America's achievements and paid too little attention to prominent figures and heros. At one time she even characterized the standards as "politicized history." Defenders of the standards argued they properly emphasized the complexities of historical causation, and, by focusing on multiple points of view, accurately reflected contemporary historical scholarship and practice.

The publication that the ED recalled targeted parents of preschoolers through fifth graders and is part of a series of similar booklets that address topics like geography, reading, and math. Originally published in 1993, the publication contained advice for parents and recommended various activities for them to do with children to instill a love of history,such as taking children to museums and historic sites. The booklet had undergone a routine update by ED officials several months back and had actually been approved by Cheney's office. Some 300,000 copies were printed at the cost of $110,000 and 61,000 distributed before ED officials put a halt to distribution.

Apparently, one of the reprints made it to the desk of Cheney's staff who noticed several references to the National Standards for History that had not been present when Cheney's office had signed off on the reprint. According to department officials, the references were added for "consistency" sake (similar standards are routinely referenced in the department's other guidebooks for parents) but indeed they were inserted after Cheney's office approved the booklet. Cheney's staff complained to ED officials. Though neither Cheney nor representatives of her office ordered the destruction of the booklets, nevertheless, as a consequence, ED officials pulled all remaining copies of the offending version, ordered them all "recycled," and prepared a new version that is now being printed.

What is remarkable about the reprint controversy is that it provides yet new evidence of what many historians have long suspected -- that Cheney's office keeps a close eye on the activities of the Department of Education, the National Endowment for the Humanities and other history-related agencies throughout the federal government.

Retired UCLA professor Gary Nash who had co-chaired the effort to develop the National Standards for History, characterized the decision to destroy the booklets as "extremely troubling...That's a pretty god-awful example of spending tax-payers' money." New York University educator Diane Ravitch, who has been at odds at times with historians over the standards stated, "I would have had a hard time recalling [the booklet], because I think the recall makes a big issue of something nobody would have paid attention to otherwise."

The new version of the booklet, less references to history standards, can be viewed on the department's website (http:/www.ed.gov/parents/academic/help/history/index.html).

2. A NIGHT TO REMEMBER -- THE SECOND ANNUAL "HEROS OF HISTORY" LECTURE On 18 October 2004, the National Endowments for Humanities held its second annual "Heroes of History" lecture at the historic Ford's Theater in Washington, DC. The event is part of the Endowment's "We the People"
initiative designed to strengthen the teaching, study, and understanding of American history and culture. The lecture is now an annual event and carries a $10,000 honorarium which is paid using NEH funds to the lecturer. This year the NEH selected Harold Holzer, a prolific writer and lecturer and one of the nations leading authorities on the Civil War era, to serve as the night's guest lecturer. Holzer's remarks focused on the American hero, Abraham Lincoln.

Before introducing Holzer, the NEH honored the six winners of the second annual "Idea of America" essay contest for high school juniors. The contest invites students from across the country to write an essay focusing on a history-related question. This year student essays addressed the question, "How does the Gettysburg Address reflect America's founding ideas, and what is the relevance of the speech today?"

The contest winners were Caitlin Carroll, 17, of Marietta, GA; Leah Nolan, 17, of Twin Lakes, MI; Avram Sand, 17, of Teaneck, NJ; Rachel Shafer, 16, of Longmont, CO; Laura Srebo, 17, Napa, CA; and Brian Thurbon, 17, of Topeka, KA. Rachel Shafer was named this year's grand prizewinner and was presented with a $5,000 prize. The other five winners received $1,000 checks from the NEH. All of the honorees also received medallions in recognition of their achievements.

After being introduced by Chairman Cole, Holzer delivered his lecture on Lincoln. The lecturer proposed that "well before April 14, 1865, Abraham Lincoln had already decisively earned the status of American hero. And legendary modesty notwithstanding, Lincoln worked hard as any post-assassination myth-maker to reach that pinnacle." The signing of the Emancipation Proclamation, holding a presidential election during the Civil War, and entering the devastated Confederate capital of Richmond as a uniter instead of as a conqueror were all heroic acts. Holtzer concluded that Lincoln was admired and loved by the people of the United States and that "Death did not make Lincoln a hero. His life did."

3. SENATE SET TO ACT ON AMENDMENTS TO NAGPRA On 30 September 2004, Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R-CO), chair of the Senate Indians Affairs Committee, advanced to the Senate floor the "Native American Technical Corrections Act of 2004" (S. 2843). The legislation makes technical amendments to various provisions of federal law concerning Native Americans. A little known provision in the bill also makes an important two-word amendment to the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA; P.L. 101-601).

The measure inserts the words "or was" to the definition of "Native American" found in Section 2(9) of NAGPRA. Campbell believes the additional language is needed to insure that in the future Native American groups will be able to reclaim ancient remains regardless of whether the remains can be linked to present-day tribes.

As readers of this publication may recall, a recent Federal Appeals Court ruling found that NAGPRA is worded in such a way that in absence of conclusive evidence, Native American claims to ancesteral remains can be challenged (see "The Case of the Kennewick Man -- A Landmark Legal Decision" in NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE, Vol 10, # 23; 4 June 2004). The two-word addition to NAGPRA is viewed as one way to prevent another controversy similar to the Kennewick man debate from emerging.

The legislation has passed the Senate Indians Affairs Committee and is awaiting action in the full Senate.

4. SENATE ACTS ON CONTROVERSIAL MISSIONS PRESERVATION ACT On 10 October 2004, the Senate passed the "California Missions Preservation Act" (H.R. 1446/S. 1306), legislation introduced respectively by Representative Sam Farr (D-CA) and Senator Barbara Boxer (D-CA) that authorizes the expenditure of federal funds to provide technical and financial assistance designed to restore and repair the California missions and their associated artworks and artifacts. The measure has been criticized by some as possibly violating the Constitutional doctrine of separation of church and state. The National Park Service also opposes the legislation, not on the basis of possible Constitutional concerns but rather because the agency does not support the creation of new pass-through grant programs.

According to provisions in the legislation, up to $10 million a year in federal funds could be channeled through the California Missions Foundation for the repair and rehabilitation of California's 21 historic missions. The bill mandates a one-to-one matching contribution from non-federal sources. The foundation hopes obtain the matching funds through California Proposition 40, a measure that set aside $267 million for state-sponsored historic preservation projects.

Though nineteen of the churches are owned by the Catholic church, the legislation empowers the foundation to distribute the funds to both church owned and non-church owned missions provided a potential grant recipient is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and meets other criteria. Before any funds are distributed, however, the Senate bill mandates that a cooperative agreement must be drafted between the Secretary of the Interior and the foundation. That agreement, the Senate stipulates, must be approved by the Attorney General who must determine that it does not violate the establishment clause of the first amendment of the Constitution.

A House version of the bill passed on 20 October. Since the Senate version amends the House bill, when Congress returns in a lame duck session after the elections, the House will need to consider the Senate amendments and vote on the legislation once again if it is to become law.

5. NEH AWARDS INITIAL "AMERICA'S HISTORIC PLACES" GRANTS On 13 October 2004, the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) announced the first awards in a new program, "America s Historic Places,"
part of NEH's "We the People" initiative for model projects that advance the study, teaching, and understanding of American history and culture.

According to the NEH, eight historic sites and historical organizations will receive more than $1 million in grants for implementation, consultation, or planning for historic site interpretation. The grants seek to encourage historic sites, communities, or regions to develop interpretive programs that address central themes and issues in American history, and to focus on the development or implementation of interpretive content that tells a significant national story appropriate to the place.

Implementation grants offer up to $300,000 each to support interpretive programs for historic sites. Some examples of the interpretive programs that will receive grants are Pennsylvania's "ExplorePAHistory.com"; NEH funds will be used to develop an interactive web site that uses new technology to expand and deepen interpretation of Pennsylvania and American history that appears on the state's historical markers. Another grant recipient, Virginia's Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, will use NEH funds to create an introductory exhibition emphasizing work and the interactions of Jefferson's family with African Americans on the plantation.

A planning grant of $15,000 was awarded to "Tracks Across Wyoming" for an audio CD, a virtual tour on DVD, and a small traveling exhibition on migration, transportation, and settlement in Wyoming. A consultation grant of $10,000 will support Maryland's Frederick Community College for a Civil War related web site; another $10,000 grant goes to the District of Columbia's Cultural Tourism DC to work with scholars and programming experts to select interrelated stories for interpretation at historic sites and cultural venues in the capitol city's greater Shaw area.

NEH grants are awarded on a competitive basis. For more information on the NEH and its grant programs tap into: http://www.NEH.gov .

Item #1 -- NEH Position Vacancies: As readers are perhaps aware, this publication does not often advertise position vacancies. On rare occasions though we do post announcements about job openings of great importance. Two key administrative positions are currently being advertised by the National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH): "Director of the Preservation and Access Division" (Vacancy Announcement #05-002C) and for "Director of the Research Division (Vacancy Announcement #05-001C). Both of these employment opportunities will be filled at the
GS-15 level (not SES) and both are located in the NEH's Washington, DC offices. The NEH, is providing the minimum standard two-week window to receive applications; the closing date for applications is 5 November 2004. We encourage all interested and qualified candidates to apply for these key positions. For more information on these employment opportunities please visit: http://www.neh.gov/whoweare/jobs.html .

Item #2 -- Fordham Foundation Issues Report on Textbook Adoption: The Thomas B. Fordham Institute has recently released a report called "The Mad, Mad World of Textbook Adoption." The report is the first of a new Fordham Institute series, "Compact Guides to Education Solutions," that seeks to provide practical solutions to K-12 education problems for policy makers, legislators, school leaders, and activists. These concise guides are meant to help drive reforms at the local, state, and national levels by offering actionable policy recommendations. The report argues that the textbook adoption process used in 21 states "consistently produces second-rate textbooks that replicate the same flaws and failings over and over
again." The report states that the textbook adoption process has been
hijacked by pressure groups; texts are judged by the way they live up to absurd sensitivity guidelines and a "textbook cartel" controlled by just a few companies dictates what shall be published. To solve the problems the report recommends legislators should scrap the adoption process and states should devolve funding for and decisions about textbook purchases to individual schools, districts, and even to individual teachers. However, if states opt to maintain textbook adoption procedures the report suggests six steps towards reform. For more information on this report tap into:

Item #3 -- Los Angeles Landmark to be Razed: According to The Washington Times (14 October 2004) most of the Ambassador Hotel, where Sen. Robert F.
Kennedy was assassinated 36 years ago, will be demolished to make room for a school. Contrary to the wishes of several of Kennedy's children, portions of the hotel, including the famed Coconut Grove nightclub and parts of the Embassy Ballroom, where Mr. Kennedy gave his last speech, will be preserved. For over 83 years the Ambassador Hotel was part of the city's celebrity history. On its stage and dance floor performers such as Joan Crawford and Nat King Cole entertained throngs. The hotel accommodated the likes of Charles Lindbergh, Nita Khrushchev, John F. Kennedy, and Ronald Reagan. The board of the Los Angeles Unified School District's decision ends a 15-year debate over the fate of the landmark property.

One posting this week: Recently, BBC News has been broadcasting the reflections of commentators from around the world on Americans' differing attitudes to historical events. With the decision now made to raze the Ambassador Hotel, Los Angeles Times reporter Patt Morrison in "State of the
Union: Americans and Their Past" (broadcast date 11 October 2004) reflects on topics including living history, re-writing the past, and historical scarcity. For the text of the broadcast, tap into:
http://news/bbc.co.uk/2/hi/programmes/3732544.stm .

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message to listserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution. To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following model: SIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/subscribe.cgi and at the "network" prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".

HNN - 10/15/2004

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #41; 15 October 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website at http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch


Meeting in a rare weekend (and for the Senate an even more rare holiday session), this last week Congress wrapped up outstanding business and adjourned for the campaign season. Before leaving Washington, House Republicans pushed through a tax bill giving corporations $143 billion dollars in new tax breaks over 10 years. After some grousing, a day later, the Senate concurred with the House version 69 to 17 and sent on a 650-page bill to President Bush for signature. The president is expected to sign the measure despite strong criticism of it by Treasury Secretary John W. Snow.

The tax bill is full of special interest tax cuts and benefits including tax breaks for everything from NASCAR track owners and importers of Chinese ceiling fans to a $10-billion buy-out for tobacco farmers. A particularly clever provision is a $5 billion measure that temporarily allows residents of states without income taxes to deduct their sales taxes from their federal income tax. Hill insiders report this provision was included in the bill with the hope of winning votes for Republicans (largely incumbents) in Texas and Florida, both states with no income tax. The key battlefield state of Florida also gets a separate $11.6 billion hurricane relief package. Of interest to non-profit groups, the tax bill also changes the rules by which individuals can donate automobiles for charitable purposes. Spokespersons for non-profit charity groups asserted the change makes it much more difficult for people to support non-profit entities and get a tax break for their efforts.

After passing the tax bill, the Senate acted on two outstanding appropriation measures that had already passed the House -- Homeland Security and Military Construction for FY 2005. While members of both houses are now campaigning for re-election and Congress is technically adjourned, House and Senate Republicans may bring Congress back into session to finish work on the intelligence reform bill in time for enactment before the presidential election. That will take place only if the substantial differences between each house's respective bills can be resolved, otherwise there are no plans to reconvene prior to a mid-November lame duck session.

2. NARA EFFICIENCY ACT PASSES -- NHPRC REAUTHORIZED On 11 October 2004, the Senate passed the National Archives and Records Administration Efficiency Act of 2003 (H.R. 3478). Adam H. Putman
(R-FL-12) introduced this bill on 7 November 2003 and it passed the House on 13 September 2004. The measure is now on its way to the White House for the president's signature.

H.R. 3478 makes technical amendments to records retention regulations and streamlines the present process for retention of government records. More importantly, the bill grants the Archivist of the United States the authority to charge fees for public use of NARA facilities and authorizes the agency to enter into cooperative agreements with state and local governments, other public entities, educational institutions, and private nonprofit organizations in order to assist in carrying out NARA programs.
Finally, the bill provides a statutory reauthorzation of appropriations for the National Historical Publications and Records Commission (NHPRC) through FY 2009. A total of $10 million is authorized for each year through FY-2009.

3. LEWIS AND CLARK HISTORICAL PARK CREATED On 10 October 2004, the Senate passed the Lewis and Clark National Historical Park Designation Act of 2004 (S.2167) thus clearing the way for the establishment of the Lewis and Clark National Historical Park in Oregon and Washington State.

This Senate bill, as does its House companion legislation (H.R. 3819), expands, renames, and designates what was previously known as Fort Clatsop National Memorial in Oregon as a National Historical Park. The new unit will tell the story of the explorations of Meriwether Lewis and William Clark whose epic expedition culminated in the winter of 1805-06 following its successful crossing of the North American continent.

The legislation expands the boundary of Fort Clatsop from 150 acres to 1,500 acres and places three news sites along the lower Columbia River under National Park Service administration. The three new sites are the Station Camp site near McGowan, Clark's Dismal Nitch area, and Camp Disappointment -- all places associated with various Lewis and Clark encampments.

Hill insiders note that this is one of the few boundary adjustment/park designations that the Bush administration has actively supported this Congress. The White House especially liked the bill as nearly all of the land to be added to the park was to be donated or transferred from state and federal ownership, thus minimizing land acquisition costs. The Congressional Budget Office estimates that the total cost to acquire land (or interests in land) and to develop needed visitor facilities is approximately $7.2 million over four years.

The legislation was cleared for White House approval on 10 October; President Bush is expected to sign the act in the near future.

4. CLINTON PRESIDENTIAL CENTER PREPARES TO OPEN On 7 October 2004, the Washington Times reported that the buzz grows daily in Little Rock for the Clinton Presidential Center, which is slated to open this November 18. The Clinton Presidential Center will be the 12th presidential library built in the United States. The $165 million price tag will make this 30-acre center the largest and most expensive presidential library constructed to date. It will also be the most expensive in the National Archives system because it will contain eight C-5 cargo planes worth of material.

James Polshek, a New York architect, created the unique building design which is meant to resemble a glass bridge to the 21st century. Ralph Appelbaum, exhibit designer for the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, designed the exhibits for the Clinton facility. Since Mr. Clinton was the first president of the Internet age, the exhibit designers have incorporated a heavy dose of technology into the museum's exhibits. In the replica of the White House Cabinet room, visitors will have the opportunity to use interactive stations describing Cabinet members from Mr. Clinton's eight years in office. The exhibit will also have an interactive timeline that highlights each day of Mr. Clinton's presidency.

Another highlight of the center is the replica of the Oval Office with the décor from Mr. Clinton's White House. The center will also house Café 42, which was named for Mr. Clinton being the 42 president of the United States. One thing that will not be present at the Clinton Presidential Center is a gift store. The Clinton Foundation decided not to open a gift store at the library site but rather in the River Market district near the library.

On 7 October 2004, the National Endowment for Humanities (NEH) announced that documentary filmmakers and radio programmers in eight states and the District of Columbia will receive nearly $1 million for 17 television and radio projects in the humanities. Eleven of the grants announced will support consultation by filmmakers or radio programmers with humanities scholars; three will support script and program development; and still others will support production costs.

Several of the grants announced went to projects with an historical emphasis; most of these projects received a $10, 000 grant from the NEH. Some examples of the winning projects are "From Slavery to the Chain
Gang: Convict Leasing in the American South," by California Newsreel, "How the Enlightenment Made Our World," by Pomona College, "Sinews of War:
Money, Battle, and the Building of America," by the New River Education Fund, "Say It Plain: An Exploration of 20th-Century Black Oratory," by Minnesota Public Radio, and "Thomas Paine: Liberty's Messenger," by the International Center for Global Communications.

The largest grant -- $350,000 -- was awarded to Public Radio International in Minneapolis, Minnesota for its project "American Icons on PRI's 360." The project consists of the production of six one-hour radio programs and 12 feature segments, each examining a single classic work of literature, music, film, architecture, theater, or visual arts that has achieved the status of an "icon" in American culture. This project grant was designated as an official "We the People" project, thus providing special recognition by the NEH for model projects that advance the study, teaching, and understanding of American history and culture.

For additional information about the National Endowments for the Humanities and its grant programs please visit http://www.NEH.gov.

Item #1 -- National History Day Announces 2005 Contest Theme: National History Day announced that the theme of their 2005 contest will be "Communication in History: The Key to Understanding." This theme offers students the opportunity to think more deeply about the relevance of three key terms: communication, history, and understanding. This year's theme presents a wonderful opportunity for students to develop projects which will help them discover the connections between history and the way they see themselves in their own worlds today. Questioning their understanding of these key terms and then applying them to a person, moment, or event encourages students to discover their own investments in and contributions to history. Ultimately, it is this kind of challenge that may help them view history as a lens through which they can more fully understand their present and develop more informed and active approaches to the creation of their futures. For more information on the National History Day's 2005 Contest please visit: http://www.nationalhistoryday.org .

Item # 2 -- AASLH Introduces PATHWAYS: The American Association for State and Local History (AASLH) is introducing a new program called "PATHWAYS:
Discovering Your Connections to History." This national program seeks to assist history institutions in demonstrating the value of history and their role in their communities to their audiences. The program provides community-based organizations with materials and structures to implement a national program at the local level. The first piece of material from PATHWAYS is a general history reader called the Pathfinder, which includes multiple topics designed to help the history enthusiast make connections between family or community history and the larger themes in American history. The second piece is the Model Programs book that history organizations can implement with modest resources. The third piece is the Communications and Media Kit, which provides useful information on how to promote your PATHWAYS projects. For more information on the PATHWAYS project please visit http://www.aaslh.org/pahtways.htm .

One posting this week: In "New Google Service May Strain Old Ties in Bookselling" (New York Times, 10/8/2004), Edward Wyatt reports that "Google Print," the new search engine that allows consumers to search the content of books online, could help touch off an important shift in the balance of power between companies that produce books and those that sell them. Over a dozen companies have already signed up to participate, and executives see the new service as a way to attract more readers to an industry that has struggled to grow in recent years. For the article tap into:
http://www.nytimes.com/2004/10/08/technology/08book.html .

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page
at: http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message to:
listserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution. To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to: listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following model: SIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at:
http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/subscribe.cgi and at the "network" prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".

HNN - 10/15/2004

From the CHRONICLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION (subscribers only)

Professor at French University Faces Suspension for Comments About the Holocaust

The president of a university in France has asked the country's education minister to suspend a professor for comments he made this week that called into question the existence of Nazi gas chambers.

Guy Lavorel, president of Jean Moulin University, in Lyon, acted following remarks by Bruno Gollnisch, a professor of languages and Japanese culture who is also a member of the European Parliament and the deputy leader of the National Front, a far-right political party.

Mr. Lavorel said he would also pursue university disciplinary measures against Mr. Gollnisch. The president's options are limited because, like most French universities, Jean Moulin, which is known as Lyon III, is a public institution and therefore falls under the ultimate authority of the ministry of education.

Denying that the Holocaust happened is against the law in France, but like employees at other public institutions, Mr. Gollnisch is shielded by stringent worker-protection laws that make it extremely difficult to dismiss civil servants....

HNN - 10/15/2004

The Independent (London)
October 13, 2004, Wednesday
SECTION: First Edition; FOREIGN NEWS; Pg. 26
A man works on the controversial private rebuilding of the Berlin Wall Miguel Villagran/AFP/Getty Images
CONTROVERSIAL work to reconstruct a 600ft section of the Berlin Wall in the centre of the German capital has provoked protests from politicians, historians and former victims of Communism who claim that the project smacks of "Disneyland".

The plan has been launched by a private Berlin museum which aims to create a "wall memorial" to coincide with the 15th anniversary of the historic breaching of the concrete and barbed wire dividing line in November 1989.

Construction workers have already begun reinstalling 120 sections of the former barrier on a site near Checkpoint Charlie, the former allied military crossing point between what was once capitalist West Berlin and the Communist East.

"For people who never experienced it, the wall might just as well never have existed," said Alexandra Hildebrandt, the director of Berlin's Checkpoint Charlie Museum, which is behind the project. "It is a question of building a memorial so that people don't forget."

Scores of souvenir merchants who use the site to market Communist memorabilia to tourists have been ordered to leave to allow the project to go ahead. In their place will be 120 sections of original concrete wall that will be decorated by artists from North and South Korea, Israel and Palestine.

"These countries have also suffered the experience of division," said Mrs Hildebrandt, whose museum has leased the derelict site for the project until the end of the year. "We shall be fighting to keep the memorial as long as possible."

However the absence of watchtowers, barbed wire, the so-called death strip and Kalashnikov-toting East German border guards with orders to shoot on sight defectors to the West has angered many victims of the former Communist regime. They claim that the project does nothing to inform people that more than 1,000 East Germans were killed trying to escape over the wall during the Communist era.

Hubertus Knabe, the head of Berlin's Stasi secret police museum, which commemorates more than a quarter of a million victims of East German Communism, said: "The Berlin Wall was a monstrosity, but this project renders it harmless and banal. Any young person looking at it would think: What were the East Germans so afraid of?'"


HNN - 10/14/2004

from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy Volume 2004, Issue No. 90 October 14, 2004


Last month, the U.S. government quietly acknowledged and described a CIA covert action program in Bolivia during the Johnson Administration.

The acknowledgment came in the form of an "editorial note" that was published in the latest volume of the official State Department series Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964-1968, on South and Central America and Mexico. That volume also described the CIA's clandestine role in the 1964 election in Chile.

A contemporary CIA document cited in the "editorial note" described the program as follows:

"The basic covert action goals in Bolivia are to foster democratic solutions to critical and social, economic, and political problems; to check Communist and Cuban subversion; to encourage a stable government favorably inclined toward the United States; and to encourage Bolivian participation in the Alliance for Progress."

"The main direction and emphasis of C[overt] A[ction] operations is to force Communists, leftists, and pro-Castroites out of influential positions in government, and to try to break Communist and ultra-leftist control over certain trade union, student groups, and campesino organizations."

The editorial note was approved for publication by an interagency High Level Panel that reviews historical covert actions for possible acknowledgment in the FRUS series.

"That editorial note is the text of the statement approved by all three [High Level Panel member] agencies--State, CIA, NSC--to acknowledge the covert action," one official explained to Secrecy News.

Remarkably, the editorial note provided budget figures for the CIA program in Bolivia, which peaked at $545,342 in fiscal year 1964.

This is surprising since the CIA has consistently refused to declassify such figures on its own. Even today the Agency argues in federal court, with legal support from the Justice Department Office of Information and Privacy, that such historical budget information must be withheld from disclosure. But there it is.

See the High Level Panel editorial note on CIA covert action in Bolivia, published in late September, here:



The final report of the Iraq Survey Group (the Duelfer report) documenting the search for prohibited weapons in Iraq was published October 6 by the Central Intelligence Agency on its web site.

But the CIA edition of the document was posted in an awkward format
-- three monstrous files of 50 to 75 Megabytes each -- that practically guarantees the report will go unread by all but a committed few.

Now a much more digestible html version of the report is available from GlobalSecurity.org here:



Imposing the discipline of democracy on intelligence and security services is a continuing challenge even in societies that have a longstanding commitment to democratic governance. It is vastly more difficult in emerging and aspiring democracies.

The prospects for intelligence reform in several Africa countries are surveyed in a new publication of the Global Facilitation Network for Security Sector Reform in the United Kingdom.

See "Providing Security for People: Enhancing Security Through Police, Justice, and Intelligence Reform in Africa," edited by Chris Ferguson and Jeffrey O Isima, September 2004:



A new report of the Congressional Research Service "reviews allegations of Saudi involvement in terrorist financing together with Saudi rebuttals, discusses the question of Saudi support for religious charities and schools (madrasas) abroad, discusses recent steps taken by Saudi Arabia to counter terrorist financing (many in conjunction with the United States), and suggests some implications of recent Saudi actions for the war on terrorism."

See "Saudi Arabia: Terrorist Financing Issues," October 4, 2004:



An updated overview of U.S. space-related activities is provided by the CRS in "U.S. Space Programs: Civilian, Military and Commercial," September 28, 2004:



Another new CRS report considers the legality of postponing elections for federal office.

"Because of the fear of possible terrorist attacks which could be directed at election facilities or voters in the States just prior to or during the elections in a presidential election year, attention has been directed at the possibility/authority to postpone, cancel or reschedule an election for federal office."

"The United States Constitution does not provide in express language any current authority for a federal official or institution to 'postpone' an election for federal office," the CRS notes. But that is the beginning of the discussion, not the end.

See "Postponement and Rescheduling of Elections to Federal Office,"
October 4, 2004:


CRS policy prohibits direct public access to reports like these.

Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the Federation of American Scientists.

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, send email to
with "subscribe" in the body of the message.

To UNSUBSCRIBE, send a blank email message to

OR email your request to saftergood@fas.org

Secrecy News is archived at:

Secrecy News has an RSS feed at:

Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web: www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood@fas.org
voice: (202) 454-4691

HNN - 10/10/2004

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #40; 8 October 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website at <http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch>http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch


The problem with our Internet server now enters into its second week. Once again, this posting is being delivered to you through an alternative delivery means. Please note that all e-mail communications to the National Coalition for History (NCH) and the American Historical Association (AHA) continue to be bounced back to the sender. Patience please! We hope to be back on-line by mid-next week.


1. CONGRESS ADJOURNS -- FOR THE TIME BEING AT LEAST Both the House and Senate are scheduled to adjourn Friday 8 October without addressing outstanding appropriations issues, a battery of authorizing bills, and pending nominations, including that of Allen Weinstein to become Archivist of the United States. Congress has opted to postpone action on all these concerns until after the elections. Some may well be addressed during the Lame Duck Congress, others may simply die when the second session of the 108th Congress adjourns sometime before the end of the year.

Last week the Republican leadership decided to put off consideration of the remaining appropriation bills until later. A Continuing Resolution (CR) presently authorizes federal agencies to operate at last fiscal years funding levels until 20 November at which time Congress must either conclude work on appropriations or pass yet another CR.

With the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee focusing its attention on the
9/11 Commission recommendations and the Intelligence reform bill, no action has been taken on the nomination of Allen Weinstein to become the next Archivist of the United States. Hill insiders report that while the nomination remains pending,there are no plans to advance the nomination out of committee until after the elections. While the White House has responded to the request of the committee to explain the administrations motivation behind asking Carlin to step down in favor of Weinstein, certain questions regarding the nomination remain unresolved. At least one Democratic senator has again written the White House asking for a clarification of why Carlins resignation was requested.

The debate over what information goes into history textbooks remains an ongoing concern. Currently, politicians, special interest groups, and some historians believe that history textbooks do not include the appropriate material necessary to educate the nations youth. Following recent trends in the profession, authors of history texts often place emphasis on a social history approach to their subject matter. But critics complain that this trend tends to water down the achievements of the individual. Some also believe that this approach also makes history books too politically correct.

One group that is suspicious of the current trend in textbook writing is the American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, a conservative group. Late last year, during a conference focusing on history texts, the institute charged, "In most U.S. schools, the serious study of history and civics has been replaced by a nebulous, content-light, and morally shaky "social studies" curriculum." Another problem the group charges, is that since social history focuses on ordinary figures and groups and not prominent figures, students are not adequately exposed to the exemplary works of great Americans who founded and shaped our nation. The institute argues that this trend has led to the current situation of American school children knowing little "about our nation's founding principles, how the government functions or what our forebears had to overcome the past two centuries to establish and preserve freedom."

One example of this is the debate over the minimalcoverage George Washington receives in some history texts. According to Matthew Spalding, director of the Heritage Foundation's B. Kenneth Simon Center for American Studies, "There is a general decline in teaching about dead, white, 18th-century males. That's where we are today, and, as a result, Washington has really suffered.

On the other hand, others complain that current textbooks downplay or outright misrepresent the important roles of ordinary people who made history. This last week, for example, a mother of a third-grader in Fayetteville, Georgia, asked the state board of education to ban a state history book because it says that African slaves were brought to America to "help" others. The book in question, The Story of Our Georgia Community,"
was approved for statewide use and has been in classrooms for about two years.

This past May, the Library Congress (LC) held a symposium on the future of the history textbook (for access to a LC webcast, tap into:
The speakers at this symposium took a view somewhat contrary to those held by conservative history text critics. Speakers at the LC conference stated that publishers generally are keeping up-to-date on historical scholarship and that texts reflect the current trends in historical thinking. However, during the conference some questioned the emphasis of texts. Senator Lamar Alexander (R-TN), for example, stated that history and civics teachers and texts should do more to focus on "American exceptionalism" and teach students "what it means to be an American."

There is no end in sight to the ongoing debate over the quality and content of history texts. For the last couple of years, Congress has been devoting millions of dollars to history education through such programs as the National Endowment for the Humanities We the Peopleinitiative and the Department of Educations Teaching American History. So far, little of this money has been directed toward assessing let alone improving history texts.
New legislation slotted to be introduced in the 109th Congress is expected to focus even more governmental funding on teacher training. With Congress devoting ever increasing resources to history education, the hope is that increased spending will result in improvements in student test scores.
Whether this goal will be achieved without universally addressing the issue of history texts remains an issue for further discussion.

3. SENATE APPROVES NEW DECLASSIFICATION REVIEW BOARD This last week the Senate approved the creation of an Independent National Security Classification Board which is designed to build on and supersede the Public Interest Declassification Board (PIDB). That board, which was created four years ago (see Title 7, Section 703 of P.L. 106-567) has never actually convened, though the White House recently named five members to serve on it (see White House Names Members to Declassification Boardin NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE, Vol. 10, #37; 16 September 2004).

Creation of the new board was accomplished through an amendment tacked on to the Senate version of the Intelligence reform bill (S. 2845). It closely resembles a free-standing bill (S. 2672) introduced in July by senators Ron Wyden (D-OR) and Trent Lott (R-MS).

The language in the amendment combines aspects of both the Wyden/Lott bill
and the existing PIDB law. As was the case with the PIDB, the new board
will be made up of nine members. But the board is to be granted new powers to review contested classification decisions and to recommend to the president that a particular document be declassified. While the president would not be obliged to accept the recommendation, if he rejects the board's decision to declassify a specific document, he is obliged to provide a written justification of his decision to Congress. The new board also would expedite the declassification of material used in reports that Congress wants to make public.

Meanwhile, this week the House is slotted to take up its version of the Intelligence reform bill. House rules make it impossible to amend the pending bill to include the Senate language. Several House Democrats, however, have introduced a free standing companion bill (H.R. 4855) to the Wyden/Lott bill. Hill insiders anticipate that the new board will be a topic that will be addressed in the intelligence reform act conference that is anticipated to take place during the Lame Duck session after the election.

4. ARTS GROUP TO LAUNCH ADVOCACY INITIATIVE On 4 October 2004, Americans for Arts, an advocacy group that supports increased funding for the National Endowment for the Arts, announced that it will spend $1 million, a part of the $120 million dollar gift from pharmaceutical heiress Ruth Lilly, to create a new citizens action movement for the arts. The new entity -- Americans for Arts Action Fund -- will be a membership group that will adopt the fundraising and lobbying tactics of the Sierra Club and the League of Women Voters in an effort to build support for arts and arts education.
Right now, there is no equivalent organization established for the support of the humanities.

Americans for Arts is creating this fund because over the years financial support for the arts from the public and private sectors has dwindled.
Governmental funding, through the National Endowments for Arts and Humanities, has inched up recently, but neither has returned to the more generous highs of decades past. Many states continue to slash funding for arts and humanities and corporate and foundation support has also been shrinking due to the condition of the economy.

The fund is designed to expand support for the arts at the grass-roots level. The first major action of the new fund will take place on 14 November
2004 when the organization will launch a direct-mail appeal asking people to buttonhole their elected officials and demand more government support for the arts. According to Robert L. Lynch, president of Americans for the Arts, We have done a good job collectively raising the consciousness of citizens...but [for] policy makers...their positions havent caught up with the people who say arts are important.In FY 2005, both the Arts and Humanities endowments are slotted to receive less than the president had requested.

Item # 1 -- New California Archives Law: Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger has signed legislation (A.B. 2719), amending the state code enabling previously restrictedrecords in the California State Archives to become public after
75 years. Introduced by Assembly Member John Laird last February, the legislation provides for researchers and historians a set date for the opening of all archival records in the state of California. The legislation had the strong support of the archival community. The National Coalition for History also weighed in and expressed its support of the legislation to both the state legislature and governor.

Item # 2 -- Historian Wins FOIA Access Suit: On 28 September 2004, U.S.
District Judge Robert Takasugi gave University of California at Irvine historian Jonathan Wiener a significant win when he ordered the FBI to turn over the remaining 10 pages of the secret files on Beatle John Lennon to Wiener. Judge Takasugi rejected government arguments that releasing the last 10 pages of Weiners request would pose a national security risk because a foreign government secretly provided the information (the government that provided the information was not publicly identified though Great Britain is obviously the most likely source). The battle for the Lennon records started in 1983, when Wiener sued the Department of Justice
under the Freedom of Information Act. Through a settlement in 1997,
Wiener received 248 pages of the Lennon records. These files, which were gathered from 1971 to 1972, included memos detailing Lennon's donations to a group planning to demonstrate at the 1972 Republican National Convention.
The Justice department is considering whether to appeal the District Court decision.

No posting this week.

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page
at: <http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch>http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message to:
listserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution. To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to: listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following model: SIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at:
and at the "network" prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".


HNN - 10/5/2004

By Abraham Rabinovich

JERUSALEM — Two former Israeli intelligence chiefs are threatening to take each other to court over a security leak related to the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
The head of the Mossad at the time of the war, retired Gen. Zvi Zamir, has written to Attorney General Menachem Mazuz to request an investigation of suspicions that retired Gen. Eli Zeira, the former head of military intelligence, leaked the identity of the spy who warned Israel of impending war several hours before Egypt and Syria launched a massive two-front attack. Gen. Zeira, in turn, told Israel's Channel Two television that he intended to sue Gen. Zamir for defamation.
The purported spy was identified last year by Israeli writer Ahron Bregman as Ashraf Marwan, the son-in-law of former Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who had died three years before the war. Gen. Zeira, who was interviewed by Mr. Bregman, denied that he was the source of the information.
In his letter to the attorney general, Gen. Zamir, along with two other former senior intelligence officers, said Gen. Zeira had "violated all norms" by supposedly leaking the spy's identity. This, the letter said, would make it more difficult in the future for Israel to ensure potential foreign agents that their identity would be safeguarded.
The clash of the two former intelligence chiefs, who had worked closely together when they were on active duty, illustrates the unusual hold on the Israeli psyche of that war, during which, for a time, Israeli leaders feared that the nation would collapse.
Gen. Zeira, the military intelligence chief, was named by a postwar inquiry commission as the chief culprit in the intelligence failure that permitted Egypt and Syria to achieve a devastating surprise attack. Despite an abundance of signs that the Arabs were preparing to go to war, Gen. Zeira had insisted that they were not.
As head of the Mossad, Gen. Zamir was out of the decision-making loop on military matters but was skeptical about Gen. Zeira's analysis. On the eve of Yom Kippur, Gen. Zamir flew to London to meet an Egyptian-based superspy, identified by the inquiry commission only as "the Source," who informed him that Egypt and Syria would attack the next day.
Gen. Zamir's warning reached Israeli leaders at 4 a.m. on Yom Kippur, 10 hours before the attack began, providing barely enough time to get the mobilization process started. Without that warning, Israel's dire position would have been catastrophic.
Mr. Bregman's otherwise bland book published last year in England, "A History of Israel," contained one intriguing nugget, a reference to the spy as "the son-in-law." When interviewed by an Egyptian journalist about it, he identified the spy as Mr. Marwan, Mr. Nasser's son-in-law.
Mr. Marwan,who denied the claim, is a wealthy businessman with interests in Egypt and Europe.

HNN - 10/5/2004

from the FAS Project on Government Secrecy Volume 2004, Issue No. 87 October 5, 2004

A four-volume account of the history and evolution of U.S.
counterintelligence that was prepared for the now-defunct National Counterintelligence Center (NACIC) is now available in the public domain.

The encyclopedic 1500 page work begins with an account of counterintelligence (CI) from the American Revolution to World War II (volume 1), proceeds with a study of CI in World War II (volume 2), continues with a survey of the post-WWII atom bomb spies up to the latest espionage cases (volume 3), and concludes with a look at current counterintelligence challenges from China, Russia and elsewhere (volume 4).

The study, prepared over several years by multiple authors, deals in part with well-trodden ground such as the Venona intercepts.
But it also includes extended treatments of much more obscure topics, such as counterintelligence in the Civil War, and official accounts of numerous individual espionage cases that never made headlines, as well as a U.S. government perspective on "counterintelligence in the turbulent 1960s and 1970s."

For its own peculiar reasons, the Central Intelligence Agency refused to provide a copy of the document under the Freedom of Information Act. But NACIC's successor, the National Counterintelligence Executive, agreed to release it.

See all four volumes of "A Counterintelligence Reader" edited by Frank J. Rafalko here:


Secrecy News is written by Steven Aftergood and published by the Federation of American Scientists.

To SUBSCRIBE to Secrecy News, send email to
with "subscribe" in the body of the message.

To UNSUBSCRIBE, send a blank email message to

OR email your request to saftergood@fas.org

Secrecy News is archived at:

Secrecy News has an RSS feed at:

Steven Aftergood
Project on Government Secrecy
Federation of American Scientists
web: www.fas.org/sgp/index.html
email: saftergood@fas.org
voice: (202) 454-4691

Jim Lynch - 10/3/2004

Those responsible for this decision haven't a clue as to what constitutes the greatness of the USA. They are small-souled, pitiful embarrassments to their countrymen.

My God-- are such people so inherently feeble-minded as to actually believe an exchange of simple thought poses a danger to the nation?

Apparently they do. Lenin, for one, would be proud of them.

HNN - 10/3/2004

McGuire Gibson, Professor of Mesopotamian Archaeology, Oriental Institute, University of Chicago (Oct. 3, 2004):

The Lauren Sandler piece in the current Atlantic Monthly "The Thieves of Baghdad", judging by the details in the story, is based on one visit to Iraq, apparently in June of 2003. There does not seem to be any reflection of information later than that date. Because she gives the figure of 3,000 items stolen from the museum, which was the official Museum/US Customs inventory count as of late June, and does not give the figure of 14,000 that was in the Bogdanos Report (Department of Defense) and in Andrew Lawler's Science magazine article of August, 2003, she doesn't seem to have kept up with the developments in the Museum story.  The signs on the museum gates, denouncing Dr. Jabber Khalil. President of the State Board of Antiquities and Heritage, and Dr. Nawala Mutawelli, Director of Museums, were typical of signs on many institutions at the time. They disappeared after a few weeks as decisions were made by the occupying authority.   There were many things that both Dr. Jabber and Dr. Nawala could have been faulted for, including their administrative capabilities and style, but the charges of criminal action are not believable. The tone of the article is reflected in the fact that Dr. Jabber and Dr. Nawala are singled out for negative Orientalist stereotyping, though Sandler's informants are not.

At the time when Sandler was in the Museum, there was a special investigative unit (the Bogdanos task force) made up of US prosecutors, US customs agents, FBI agents, and police officers, dedicated to finding the facts of the looting of the Museum.  Very little was left uninvestigated at the Museum and the State Board.  The Bogdanos report mentions negligence (carelessness with keys and leaving one storeroom door unlocked), and it is concluded that there had to be some inside knowledge that allowed the professional thieves to go to the precise part of one storeroom to take cylinder seals and other objects. But there were no findings that top-level Museum and State Board officials had anything to do with the thefts.  The inside information could have been from anyone who had worked at the museum in the past fifteen years, or from a cleaning person, etc.  Just prior to the 2003 war, the Museum staff did, in fact, hide the great majority of objects that had been on display in the Museum's public galleries.  Dr. Moayyad Sa'id Damirji was assigned by the Minister of Culture to head that effort because he had done the same thing in 1991, and he and four other people were the only ones who knew where the secret store was.  It was some weeks after Bogdanos arrived in the Museum that there was enough mutual trust to allow the Museum director to disclose the location of the secret store, which Bogdanos then inspected.  Of course, Dr. Moayyad was being uncommunicative when talking to any reporters prior to the disclosure of the hidden storeroom.  It is to be expected that officials of an occupied country are going to be suspicious of occupiers.  For all they knew, the objects might have been swept up and carried off to America. 

In the Sandler article, it is made to appear that the Museum was conspiratorially kept closed throughout the 1990s, implicitly so that pieces could be taken out by Arshad Yassin with the collusion of Dr. Nawala and Dr. Jabber. You get the idea in the article that the Museum displays were all there, but that no one was allowed to see them, except through bribes.  (Oddly enough, throughout the embargo, foreign scholars did visit the Museum and did ask for specific objects to study and the artifacts were brought to them.    And, although Sandler's informant was never in the Museum public galleries during the 1990s, I know from personal experience that many others of the staff did go there and I was, myself, led through on more than one occasion to check a detail on a specific large piece still on display.  Although there were large pieces, such as Assyrian reliefs, still in the halls, the public galleries were virtually empty during those years, with glass cases empty and dusty.  The Museum public galleries had been emptied of all portable objects just before the First Gulf War and packed away in storerooms. At that time, days before the first bombs fell on Baghdad in January 1991, the gold from the Ur Tombs and the gold from the Nimrud Queens' tombs, along with other iconic objects, were packed in crates and deposited in the vaults of the Central Bank.  The Halls remained closed because throughout the 1990s simply because there was a continuing threat of renewed hostilities.  There were occasions when Baghdad itself was hit with Cruise missiles.  For a brief period, one small hall was opened to show objects that had been seized from dealers and smugglers.  A large part of that display consisted of cuneiform tablets that had been recovered from a smuggler in a pickup truck on the Iraqi-Saudi border. Finally, as the embargo began to come apart in the late '90s and it appeared that things might be returning to normal, the decision was made to reopen the Museum, and the objects were brought out of storage.  It was fully open when I was there in 2001.  I noted that several important objects, such as the Naram Sin copper head and the Ur treasure, were not in their cases, but were represented by photographs.  And the Nimrud gold was not on display at all.  I knew already that these pieces were still in the Central Bank..

There had been rumors in the 1990s, spread by Iraqi opposition people abroad, that the Nimrud treasure had been taken by Saddam and that his wives, mistresses, and daughters were wearing the jewelry.  I was pretty sure that this was not true, but I asked about it in private and was told by the man who had put the objects in the bank that he had checked the vault recently and that the crates were still there, unopened.

When war threatened again in 2003, the Museum public galleries were emptied again, leaving only the large-scale items, and unfortunately some pieces that were big but not impossible to move, which allowed for the theft of (the Uruk Vase, the Bassetki statue, and some statues.  The Uruk lion Stele, also left on display, was not taken, nor were any of the massive Assyrian reliefs and the Islamic architectural elements).   Also left in the halls, and therefore partly lost, were some smaller pieces that were affixed to the walls (e.g.., the Ubaid temple fragments). These items should have been removed, but with only 5 people working on the dismantling, there was not the necessary force to do so.  The loss of the famous Uruk alabaster face and the destruction of the Ur harp are particularly unfortunate, since they were off display but had not made it into the secret storeroom, being left in a less secure area.  Many of these details can be gotten from the Bogdanos report. 

The chief thrust of the Sandler article is that Saddam's bodyguard and brother-in-law, Arshad Yassin, was able to get Dr. Nawala and Dr.Jabber to help him steal objects from the Museum in the 1990s.  There is no doubt that Arshad Yassin was involved in smuggling antiquities out of the country, and for this he was removed from his positions by Saddam and banished from the inner circle. Whether or not he continued to deal in antiquities, I do not know, but it would have been dangerous for him to do so.  Having been cashiered for dealing in antiquities, Arshad also would have been a very dangerous man for an Antiquities service person to know. No one would have taken up with Arshad at the expense of making an enemy of Saddam.  That is especially true of Dr.Jabber and Dr. Nawala, who were in a position of trust. 

That Arshad might have wanted to get items out of the Museum is possible, and he may very well have been behind the professional looting in the Museum in April 2003. During the 1990s, he may have suborned some low-level Museum staff member to take an object or two.  This is possible but not likely.  Since the looting of archaeological sites had begun in the south (Umma, Umm al-Aqarib, Adab) already in the mid 1990s because the government had no effective control in the countryside, Arshad would have had plenty of opportunity to gain excellent objects cheaply without having to go near the Museum. It has to be remembered that when the Antiquities service was able to show graphic images of the illegal digging at Umma, it was given a special budget to carry out the first controlled archeological digging at that site and at neighboring Umm al-Aqarib, Tell Shmid, and Zabalam, with spectacular results.  The excavators had to remain on site working throughout the summers in order to keep the looters at bay. Such dedication is pretty odd for people who are supposed to have been cooperating with Arshad.  . Dr. Nawala directed the work at Umma, and I suspect that it was for the major findings of that expedition that she was paid the $2,500 that is mentioned in the Sandler article.  During that period, the State Board of Antiquities began to pay a bonus to its excavators for certain major objects, presumably as an incentive for good work and as a means of assuring that the artifacts would, in fact, be turned over to the Museum instead of being sold to a dealer.  To construe such payments as, by implication, somehow connected to the purported thefts from the Museum or merely as a reward for "cooperating with the regime" is absurd.  On that last point, any official in a government office in any country is, in effect, cooperating with the regime.  That is what bureaucrats are supposed to do.  Some of the lower ranked staff members, who complained loudest about Dr. Nawala, were also receiving bonuses of the same type.
The looting of the Iraq Museum started on April 10,2003, and  Arshad Yassin may have played a role in the work of the professional group that operated mainly in one set of storerooms.  But that Dr. Nawala and Dr. Jabber had a hand in it is, in my opinion, absurd. Tare professionals and take their obligations to the field seriously.  Whether they were good administrators or had made the right decisions in the face of an invasion, can be debated.  The fact that the great majority of the objects on display were saved is to their credit.  That the entire collection of almost 40,000 manuscripts under the Museum's responsibility was safely stored in an air raid bunker, along with the most important books from the Museum's working library, must also be seen as wise decisions. 

Much of Sandler's information seems to be coming from one man, and that man told his stories to the Bogdanos task force. A member of the task force told me that this man's story was not thought to be credible.  The story about the fakes being unearthed on a dig was given in a somewhat different version in Baghdad, but I will not go into this since I did not hear it first hand. 

The most interesting part of the Sandler article is at the end, where she traces the movements of the man who took the Uruk vase out of the Museum.  Again, her version is quite different from the way he has told it to other journalists who speak Arabic. According to them, he approached the Museum people very soon after the Museum was secured from looters, saying that he had important pieces to return.  It was agreed that he would not bring it back until the Museum was guarded.  About a month after the marines arrived, he brought the pieces back.  Now, it may be that the version in Sandler's article is more accurate, that he was intending to sell the vase but came to find out that it was too hot to handle, but given the inaccuracies in the rest of the article, it is difficult to judge.

By the way, why didn't Arshad or the professional looters get the Uruk vase and the Uruk alabaster face?  Instead, those objects and the Bassetki statue were taken by the casual, unorganized looters who were just neighborhood people out to get something to sell. The professional group of thieves, who may or may not have been connected to Arshad, apparently ignored the public galleries but went directly to the basement store, where there were cylinder seals to steal. They got 5,000 of them, and since they are very small, often look similar to others, etc., and are much coveted by collectors, they are much easier to sell than well-known sculptures.

There is a real story to tell about the traffic in antiquities in Iraq, but this is not it.  Sandler was greatly out of her depth in Iraq, relying on interpreters and not being able to sift through the maelstrom of rumors and interpersonal relationships in the aftermath of a disruption of a major institution.  She make no mention of the destruction and dislocations of every office and laboratory in the Museum/Antiquities complex, which will have much longer-lasting effects on the recovery of the Antiquities service than the looting of the objects.  Think about any museum and picture all of its offices stripped of most of the furniture, electrical wiring, and other equipment, and with many of its papers, ledgers, file cards, negative files, and photographic archives strewn throughout the building.  That was the situation in the Iraq Museum as I saw it a month after the looting.  People sitting in offices with nothing to do, as described in Sandler's article, were perhaps unable to do anything that day because the head of that department was unable to come to the Museum because there were no buses or taxis in service from her district.  But someone cleaned up all that paper and started organizing it on shelves, beginning the even before I was in the Museum.    Sandler just does not have an appreciation for what the Museum and the Antiquities offices or galleries were like before the looting, and she certainly had no understanding of the situation in which she found herself.  Her article reflects an uncritical use of sources and an inability to understand where the truth might lie. 

The Sandler article makes no mention of the current situation in Iraq.  The Museum's losses, now known to be about 15,000 objects, pale when compared to the devastation that has befallen many of the ancient cities of Sumer.  For eighteen months, teams of up to 300 men-per-site have been burrowing in these great cities with virtual impunity.  Every day, more objects are probably being stolen from those sites than were lost in the three days of looting in the Museum.  But besides the loss of artifacts, there is the loss of the sites themselves.  The destruction is on a scale that has never been equaled in Iraq, and because Iraq has so many important sites, it may be unequalled anywhere. 

Joanne Farchakh, a Lebanese archaeologist-journalist, will probably tell the definitive story of the looting of sites.  She has been tracing the story of the looting of the sites since the 1990s and has thoroughly documented the devastation of the past year and a half.  Micah Garen, who has followed the same story for the past year and may have been kidnapped for it, is said to be preparing a major piece for the New York Times. 

HNN - 10/1/2004

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #39; 30 September 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website http//www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch








EDITORS NOTE: Due to problems with our Internet server, the posting of this edition of the NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE is being made possible through alternative delivery means. Please note that no e-mail transmission from readers will reach the NCH offices until next Tuesday when it is anticipated that the problem will be corrected.

Please excuse any duplicate postings that you may receive.

1. PUBLISHERS SUE GOVERNMENT OVER LIMITS ON EDITING On 27 September 2004, several publishers' and authors' organizations sued the U.S. government over procedures currently in place relating to governmental regulation of articles produced by scholars in embargoed countries.

The suit, filed by the Association of American Publishers' Professional and Scholarly Publishing Division, the Association of American University Presses, the PEN American Center, and Arcade Publishing focuses on recent actions of the Treasury Department's Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) which enforces U.S. trade embargoes. The plaintiffs assert that OFAC is unduly restricting works by authors who live and work in embargoed countries and that the agency's interpretation of law violates the First Amendment and other acts of Congress. (For the complaint and some twenty-five other relevant documents, tap into: http://www.aaupnet.org/ofac/.)

The lawsuit asks for an immediate injunction against OFAC's enforcement of regulations that requires publishers to obtain a government license to edit articles and books by authors in embargoed countries. The suit also asks the court to strike down recent regulations issued by OFAC.
OFAC maintains that the agency is doing its job by enforcing provisions in law that require that editing the papers and books of foreign authors materially improves these works and hence violates American trade embargoes.

In 1988, Congress exempted certain types of information and informational materials from embargoes. However, OFAC claims the law only exempts informational materials that were "fully created" by authors from embargoed countries and that such works are not altered by editors in the United States.

In December, 2002 OFAC issued a ruling to the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. OFAC ruled that peer-reviewing and editing journal articles were subject to trade embargo restrictions. In September 2003, however, the agency modified that position when it found that certain types of copy editing and style editing "do not constitute substantive or artistic alteration or enhancement of the informational material" and therefore such materials do not require a government license. Publishers were left confused and somewhat dismayed by what they consider the infringements of their rights as publishers.

The suit will be heard in a federal court in New York.

This last week, Washington Post columnist Al Kamen reported on an emerging controversy over the release of a new version of a video presentation at the Lincoln Memorial. According to Kamen, last year, the National Park Service (NPS), under pressure from conservative religious groups, announced that a video presentation shown to visitors at the memorial would be modified to create a more "politically balanced" version.

The old eight-minute video presentation that had been screened since 1995, opens with Martin Luther King's "I Have a Dream Speech" and President Abraham Lincoln's condemnation of slavery. However, the video also shows demonstrations at the memorial against the Vietnam War and others favoring abortion, gay, and women's rights. Conservative groups objected and thought the video presentation needed a better balance of Republican presidents and inclusion of footage of pro-Gulf-War demonstrations that also took place at the memorial.

Kamen reports that the NPS has now spent almost $200,000 to make two new versions of this video. However, neither version has been released yet. Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER), an NPS watchdog group, claims that NPS is withholding the release of the new version until after the Presidential election in November to avoid controversy. According to Jeff Ruch, PEER executive director, the first version was finish months ago but it failed to meet the standards of higher up officials, so a second version was created; it also is being withheld from release. Ruch suspects that it most likely "slashes feminists, war protesters and gays from American history." The NPS, however, is claiming that this is not the case.

NPS spokesperson Bill Line states there is "no basis in fact" to the allegation of electoral shenanigans. According to Lane, the final version is still not finished..."When it's ready, we'll let people know."

3. CLINTON PAPERS RELEASE MAY BE DELAYED In accordance with provisions of the Presidential Records Act (PRA), former president Bill Clinton will have to receive President Bush's approval to release his presidential records before his library can release them to the public. Clinton would like to make available some 100,000 documents concerning his administration's domestic policies when his presidential library opens this November. According to library officials, there may be a delay though officials declared, "we're going to make every effort to open as much as we can."

Under provisions of the PRA, records of a president are closed a minimum of five years. (Under certain circumstances select types of records can remain closed for up to twelve years or even longer depending on whether they pertain to national security.) One PRA stipulation requires that the current president approve the release of any record before the five year minimum has elapsed. Clinton's Presidential Library is slated to open on 18 November 2004, only four years after his presidency ended.

At this juncture, when the library opens, the only records that definitely will be available to researchers are the 500,000 pages collected by the health care task force headed by the then first lady Hillary Rodham Clinton. These records include closed-door meetings relating to the task forces proposal for a universal health care system. According to Library officials some 20,000 searchable pages of Clinton's public utterances are already posted on the web.

While Clinton hopes to see the records of his administration opened quickly, there are no plans to release documents relating to the Clinton's legal defense in the Whitewater, Monica Lewinsky, and Paula Jones investigations.

4. BILLS PASSED: CIVIL WAR SESQUICENTENNIAL COMMISSION ACT; HUDSON-FULTON-CHAMPLAIN COMMISSION ACT Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission Act On 22 September 2004 the House of Representatives passed the Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission Act (H.R. 2449). The bill establishes a 25-member commission that will plan, develop, and carry out programs and activities that commemorate the sesquicentennial of the Civil War. The commission is charged to cooperate and assist states and national organizations to ensure a suitable national observance of the sesquicentennial. The bill authorizes an expenditure of up to $200,000 a year through 2016. There is also a special provision authorizing
$3.5 million to the National Endowment for the Humanities for grants to universities, museums, and academic programs with a national scope "that sponsor multi-disciplinary projects, including those that concentrate on the role of African Americans in the Civil War."

Hudson-Fulton-Champlain 400th Commemoration Commission Act On 22 September 2004, the House passed the Hudson-Fulton-Champlain 400th Commemoration Commission Act 2004 (H.R. 2528). This legislation seeks to establish a 31-member commission charged to ensure a suitable national observance of the 400th anniversary of the voyage of Henry Hudson, the 200th anniversary of the voyage of Robert Fulton, and the 400th anniversary of the voyage of Samuel de Champlain. To achieve this goal, the commission would coordinate activities with state commemoration commissions from New York, New Jersey, and Vermont and with appropriate Federal government agencies. To help ensure the success of this act, an appropriation of $500,000 for each of fiscal years 2005 through 2011 would be authorized.

5. THE HISTORY CHANNEL TO AWARD $250,000 IN GRANTS TO HISTORICAL ORGANIZATIONS On 24 September 2004, the History Channel announced the first year of its "Save Our History" national grant program. This year, some $250,000 in grants will be awarded to historical organizations that partner with educators on unique, rewarding projects that help students learn about and appreciate the history of their local communities.

Beginning 29 September and running through 3 December 2004, historical societies, preservation organizations, museums, historic sites and other groups that partner with schools, may apply for grant funding. Awards will be announced during a ceremony to be held in Washington, D.C. in May 2005. For application guidelines and judging criteria tap intohttp//www.saveourhistory.com .

History organizations that apply but do not receive a "Save Our History" grant will still be eligible for The Save Our History National Awards Competition. Organizations that do not wish to apply for a "Save Our History" grant are still encouraged to submit an entry for one of several other national awards. Submissions can be made until 8 April 2005. For additional information, tap into: http://www.saveourhistory.com/.

6. GAO TO REVIEW CLASSIFICATIONS OF SENSITIVE DOCUMENTS According to the Washington Times, the Government Accountability Office
(GAO) will act on a congressional request to review the classification procedures used by the Department of Homeland Security. Representatives. David R. Obey (D-WI), ranking member of the Appropriations Committee and Martin O. Sabo (D-MN), ranking member of the homeland security subcommittee, initiated the request.

These members of Congress are concerned that documents generated by the Department of Homeland Security are increasingly being labeled "For Official Use Only," "Sensitive Security Information," and "Sensitive but Unclassified." Allegedly, one homeland security agency is excessively classifying documents in order to limit public access.

According to Rick Blum of the government watchdog group Openthegovernment.org, the GAO review is "long overdue." Blum also notes that last year the government declassified 43 million pages of documents at a fraction of the cost spent ($6.5 billion) to classify 14 million new documents.

Item #1 -- State Department FRUS Volume: On 23 September 2004, The Department of State released the Foreign Relations of the United States, 1964-1968, Volume XXXI, South and Central America; Mexico. The volume demonstrates the extent of the U.S. Government's relations with countries in South and Central America. The compilation documents the Johnson administration's responses to a series of regional crises. The collection also demonstrates how the administration tried to address more fundamental problems including Panama Canal Treaty negotiations and the insurgencies in Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela. The volume also emphasizes the broader themes of the administration's policy in the hemisphere and examines how the United States exercised its influence in the region, from elections in Costa Rica and Guatemala to authoritarian regimes in Honduras and Nicaragua. The text of the volume, the summary, and this press release are available on the Office of the Historian website at:
http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/frus/johnsonlb/xxxi. For more information on how to purchase the volume go to the U.S. Government Printing Office online bookstore athttp//bookstore.gpo.gov/index.html.

No posting this week.

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page at: http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message tolistserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution. To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to:
listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following model: SIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at:
http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/subscribe.cgi and at the "network"
prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".

HNN - 10/1/2004

(subscribers only)


U.S. Denies Visas to 65 Cuban Scholars Planning to Attend an Academic Conference

All 65 Cuban scholars who had planned to attend an international conference of the Latin American Studies Association next week in Las Vegas were informed on Tuesday that their requests for U.S. visas had been denied.

The conference is held every 18 months, and on previous occasions the U.S. Department of State has refused to issue visas for some Cubans who sought to attend. This is the first time that the entire delegation has been turned away since the first Cubans participated in the conference, in 1979.

Representatives of the association, which is commonly known as LASA, expressed frustration that the State Department had announced its decision so close to the date of the conference.

"Those of us who are suspicious say that it's not by accident -- it's simply part and parcel of making the process as complicated and as stressful as possible," said H. Michael Erisman, co-chairman of the association's Cuba section and a professor of political science at Indiana State University. "But that's just a conspiratorial theory."

Mr. Erisman had visited the U.S. Interests Section in Havana last November to "work out a procedure which we hoped would avoid any of these kind of last-minute crises," he said. The Cuban scholars, who were told that their visa-application process would take approximately three months, applied as early as April for this month's conference.

In May, Marysa Navarro, president of LASA and a professor of history at Dartmouth College, and Milagros Pereyra-Rojas, the association's executive director, met with officials in the State Department's Office of Cuban Affairs, in Washington.

"We were given every indication that decisions would be made on the merits of individual cases," Ms. Navarro said in a written statement issued on Wednesday.

Mr. Erisman said he believes that the Cuban scholars' visa applications "were pushed upstairs, and the decisions were made at a higher level than would normally have been the case." When the Cubans learned of the blanket denial, they quickly informed their U.S.-based colleagues, and both groups sought explanations from the State Department.

Those inquiries were met with different responses, said Ms. Navarro, asking a reporter, "What did they tell you?"

Steven L. Pike, a spokesman for the State Department, blamed the problem on the Cuban government of Fidel Castro.

"Restricting access of Cuban academics to the United States is consistent with the overall tightening of our policy," Mr. Pike said. "Our policy is not about restricting academic exchanges or freedom of expression. It is the Castro regime that does that through restrictive issuance of passports and exit permits only to those academics on whom it can rely to promote its agenda of repression and misrepresentation."

In denying the visas, the State Department cited a 1985 proclamation by President Ronald Reagan declaring the presence in the United States of Cuban-government employees "detrimental to the interests of the United States." (All professors are public employees in Cuba.)

LASA officials said they planned to protest the department's decision, "but I think all of us know that that's a long shot," said Mr. Erisman.

Richard Rongstad - 9/25/2004

The best I can say about Douglas Brinkley is that he is equal parts political partisan and historian.

Douglas Brinkley is one of the Gang of 400 (the so-called Historians in Defense of the Constitution) that staked their reputations backing President "That depends on what the meaning of is, is." Brinkley's loyal support of John Kerry comes as no surprise to me. Brinkley and many other academic political progressives seem determined to pin their hopes on John Kerry no matter what.

I've had a look at Douglas Brinkley's book on John Kerry ("Tour of Duty"), and noticed Brinkley's politically progressive bias carries over from Clinton to Kerry. The book is a puff piece. After a quick review and noticed that some of Kerry's silliness got past Brinkley verbatim I have concluded that with this book, where there's smoke, there is fire. Then, after spotting a few obvious technical errors, I got bored and put Brinkley's Kerry book down and returned to serious reading. I don't expect Brinkley's book on Kerry will stand serious scrutiny in the long run.

HNN - 9/24/2004

The New York Times
September 24, 2004 Friday
Late Edition - Final
SECTION: Section A; Column 1; National Desk; THE 2004 CAMPAIGN: THE CONTEXT; Pg. 24
HEADLINE: Truth Be Told, the Vietnam Crossfire Hurts Kerry More
The war over who did what in the Vietnam era rages on in the 2004 campaign. But it has inflicted more wounds on the candidate who saw combat, Senator John Kerry, than the one who did not, President Bush, analysts across the political spectrum say.

While Mr. Bush has faced questions for years over whether he fulfilled his National Guard service, the controversy over the authenticity of documents broadcast by CBS and questioning Mr. Bush's service record has largely inoculated the president from attacks on the issue, strategists say.

Much of the public had already confronted similar questions about Mr. Bush's service during the 2000 race, and voters judge incumbents far more on their time in the White House than on personal history, so the issue was already a hard sell.

But when CBS News had to acknowledge its journalism was flawed, it made the issue seem to be the credibility of the media, not the man. And the fact that a CBS News producer had put the source of the documents in touch with the Kerry campaign linked the Democrats, however tenuously, to the embarrassing debacle.

In contrast, Mr. Kerry thrust his decorated Vietnam record to the core of his candidacy to cement the idea that he was tough enough to lead the nation in a post-9/11 world. So the attacks by disgruntled veterans questioning whether he deserved his medals -- and questioning his war protests upon returning home -- were a serious setback. ''Kerry had more to lose and so he lost more,'' said Frank Luntz, a pollster who works for Republicans and has been conducting focus groups for MSNBC.

Bob Kerrey, a Vietnam veteran, a former Democratic senator from Nebraska and now president of New School University in New York, said the skirmishes over the past six weeks ''did damage to both men.''

''I think it did more damage to John because he built so much of his campaign on his tour of duty,'' Mr. Kerrey said.

There is no sign of detente on the issue, with two independent groups firing off television advertisements this week filled with the grainy black and white images of the era.

Mr. Kerry's nemesis, Swift Boat Veterans for Truth, is spending $1.3 million in five swing states with a spot accusing him of meeting with the enemy in Paris -- a reference to his trip to the Paris peace talks, where he met with both sides. At the same time, Texans for Truth, which has offered a $10,000 reward to anyone who can document seeing Mr. Bush fulfill his Guard duty in Alabama, has bought $10,000 of television time in five swing markets with an advertisement titled ''Choose Honor,'' which calls on the president to authorize release of all his military records.

But many observers believe these advertisements will have less effect than previous ones by the same groups as the candidates move away from Vietnam and become fully engaged in a debate over Iraq.

''Every American now knows that there's something really screwy about George Bush and the National Guard, and they know that John Kerry was not the war hero we thought he was,'' said Douglas Brinkley, the historian and author of a friendly biography of Mr. Kerry's war years, acknowledging that Mr. Kerry's opponents had succeeded in raising questions about his service.

''It's kind of neutralized itself, just by tiring everybody out,'' Mr. Brinkley said.

Indeed, Mr. Luntz and several other pollsters said voters were desperate to move on. In a focus group Wednesday evening in Kansas City, Peter Hart, a Democratic pollster, found that Vietnam was ''the issue that the voters felt had been discussed too much,'' he said.

Matthew Dowd, the chief strategist for the Bush campaign, said his candidate had never talked about Vietnam. To Mr. Dowd, the main residue of the recent National Guard controversy is a public that has become more skeptical of the mainstream news media during the campaign's final 40 days.

Mr. Kerry still mentions his service frequently, often in the context of his challenge to Mr. Bush on Iraq, but he has not said a word about Mr. Bush and the National Guard since the night after the Republican National Convention. ''We've moved past it,'' explained a senior strategist, Joe Lockhart.

But the Democratic National Committee is pressing forward with its efforts to use the National Guard questions to try to undercut the president's character and credibility on jobs, health care and Iraq.

''The issue of the documents is very much in the news, so either we're going to be in the news talking about the president's service or we're going to be in the news talking about the documents,'' said Howard Wolfson, a party spokesman. ''I prefer to talk about the president's service.''

Both men's credibility has already been wounded. The latest New York Times/CBS News poll, conducted before CBS said it could not authenticate the National Guard documents, showed that just 20 percent of voters believed that Mr. Bush was telling the whole truth about his service, while 29 percent said Mr. Kerry was being fully honest about his.

But Mr. Kerry has slipped on other poll questions concerning character, and analysts attribute that largely to the Vietnam attacks. Mr. Bush is unlikely to suffer similarly, they said, because his case for remaining commander in chief is based on his performance over the past four years, not his stint as a Guard pilot.

''People who had very strong feelings about the president -- his positives, his negatives -- weren't changed one way or the other by the National Guard debate,'' said John Weaver, a strategist who works mainly for Democrats but helped run Senator John McCain's 2000 Republican presidential bid.

''The other thing it did is it stole about six weeks of time from John Kerry,'' Mr. Weaver added.

David Halberstam, the author and former war correspondent, said Mr. Kerry could still win the Vietnam War of 2004 if he used the lessons he learned fighting in the conflict -- and then against it -- to amplify his critique of Mr. Bush on Iraq during the upcoming debates.

''It seems to me that if you've been to Vietnam and you've done it, you've learned something and it's part of you and that stays with you,'' Mr. Halberstam said.

Other experts on the period, though, say the war remains a divisive subject and Mr. Bush is better off for having been less involved.

''It may well be over for this campaign, but I don't think it's going to be over until the whole Vietnam generation dies,'' said James R. Reckner, the director of the Vietnam Center at Texas Tech University. ''I can picture the day 20 or 30 years from now when there will be old men in nursing homes beating each other with their canes over Vietnam.''

HNN - 9/24/2004

China Morning Post
September 23, 2004
HEADLINE: Professors relieved at release of biography dictionary
BYLINE: Alister McMillan
Two Hong Kong professors will see the fruits of their labour realised today with the release of one of the most ambitious publishing projects in history - the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography.

A total of 50,113 prominent Britons are detailed in the dictionary's 62.5 million words, which can be read online or in 60 printed volumes for GBP7,500 (HK$ 105,000).

More than 10,000 people spent 12 years compiling the biographies and updating entries in the dictionary's first edition, which was published in 1900.

They were initially led by Oxford history professor Colin Mathew, who died from a heart attack at the age of 58 in 1999, halfway through the GBP25.5 million project.

Researching biographies also took a toll on the head of history at Lingnan University, Barton Starr, and Gillian Bickley, a retired associate professor of English literature at Baptist University.

Professor Starr was asked in June 1995 to write about John Robert Morrison, interpreter for the British before and during the opium war and in the negotiations leading to the Treaty of Nanking.

Almost eight years later, he signed off on the final proofs of a 700-word biography of Morrison, who was also among Hong Kong's first group of legislative and executive councillors.

Even though Professor Starr was preparing a book on Morrison, he still found the dictionary entry demanding. "Every dictionary author I've talked to said it was a lot more work than they had anticipated," he said yesterday.

Professor Bickley had the further burden of proposing her two entries to the dictionary's supervisory committee.

She convinced the panel to include Frederick Stewart, regarded as the founder of government schooling in Hong Kong for his policy of educating pupils in modern western thought without intruding on their Chinese identity.

She also proposed the man who appointed Stewart headmaster at Central School, Reverend George Smith, chairman of the Hong Kong Government Education Committee and Bishop of Victoria.

Smith was wrongly portrayed in a negative light by historians, according to Professor Bickley.

"I'm so very pleased to get these two in," she said. "Stewart treats the English and Chinese equally, and speaks of education being for the benefit of individuals not society, and I had the chance to say something positive about Smith.

HNN - 9/24/2004

NCH WASHINGTON UPDATE (Vol. 10, #38; 24 September 2004) by Bruce Craig (editor) rbcraig@historycoalition.org; and Tim Nolan
Website http//www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch

4. BILLS PASSED: Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Boundary Revision Act; National Heritage Partnership Act; Manhattan Project National Historical Park Study Act; National Aviation Heritage Area Act; Kate Mullany National Historic Site Act; Lewis and Clark NHP; Sand Creek Massacre NHS
5. BITS AND BYTES: Battlefield Grant Program Announced; NARA Proposed Rule
6. ARTICLES OF INTEREST: UNESCO report "Gender and Intangible Heritage"

1. NATIONAL MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN OPENS On 21 September 2004 the National Museum of the American Indian opened its doors to thousands of eager visitors in Washington, D.C. Among them were some 20,000 Native Americans who converged on the capital to celebrate the opening of this $219 million museum -- the Smithsonian Institution's eighteenth which is prominently located on the National Mall at Fourth Street and Independence Avenue, S.W.

The National Museum of the American Indian is the new home of one of the largest and most diverse collections of Indian art and artifacts in the world. It displays some 8,000 objects (many thousands more are in storage) that represent a 10,000-year time span from the pre-Columbian era through the beginnings of the 21st century.

This unique museum has three main exhibit halls: "Our Lives," "Our Universes," and "Our Peoples." The "Our Lives" exhibit, located on the third floor, explores the cultural, social, linguistic and political aspects of native communities. This exhibit also examines the forces that shaped modern native life. Located on the fourth floor, the "Our Universes"
exhibit focuses on native cosmology and the spiritual relationship between humankind and the natural world. Also, located on the fourth floor, the "Our Peoples" exhibit focuses on historic events told from a native point of view.

Along with these exhibits and other artifacts on display, the museum also hosts two theaters. The Main Theater, located on the first floor, was designed for stage plays, storytelling, dance and music presentations, film and video viewing, lectures and seminars. The Lelawi Theater, on the fourth floor, will show a free 13-minute multimedia presentation on contemporary native life.

One of the most amazing aspects of this new museum is its design and landscaping. The exterior of the five-story building is made from golden-toned Kasota stone, a dolomitic limestone from Minnesota. The designer of the museum decided to use this material because it gives the building a feeling of natural rock formation sculpted over time.

With all the hoopla over the museum opening, however, a critical assessment of the museum exhibits and displays has yet to garner the attention they deserve. One Washington Post article characterized the new facility as "Where Myth and Museums Meet." Another -- by W. Richard West Jr. (the director of the new museum) -- speaks to the "poetic possibilities of history" that is found in the museum. West writes, "The National Museum of American History stands as an illuminating metaphor for a broader and fundamental change in the cultural consciousness of the contemporary Americas." Perhaps so, but for the time being, for the thousands of visitors who are passing through the museums doors they are honoring the presence of millions of contemporary indigenous people from hundreds of Native communities whose ancestors and presence today are essential components of the North American experience.

2. THE FY 2005 FEDERAL BUDGET -- FOR HISTORY AND ARCHIVES IT COULD BE A LOT WORSE Now that the House and Senate have announced virtually all of the FY 2005 budget figures that are of prime interest to the history and archives communities, at last we can provide a little analysis and comparison. Overall, the House took a pragmatic approach to appropriations for next year -- Republicans are generally supporting the president's recommendations for most federal agencies. The Senate, (which is also operating under tight fiscal limitations), overall did a much better job in allocating resources for history and archives programs. None of the bills has yet gone to conference and some have yet to pass their respective houses. In some cases legislators are not expected to take them up for formal approval until after the election. At that time, most Hill insiders predict it will be the lame-duck Congress that will be called upon to make some key decisions.

For the Department of Education's "Teaching American History" initiative, the House failed to provide any funding for the program in spite of the president's request for funds (see H. Rept. 108-636). The House opted to rely on the key sponsor of the initiative in the Senate, the powerful ranking member of the Senate Appropriations Committee, Robert C. Byrd
(D-WV) to insure the continued vitality of the initiative. Byrd came through with another $120 million for this program (see S. Rept 108-345) that provides competitive grants to Local Education Agencies (LEAs) to "augment the quality of American history instruction and to provide professional development activities and teacher education in the area of American history."

For the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS), which is also funded out of the Labor, Health and Human Services and Education bill, the House recommended $261.743 million, of which $169 million is set aside for state grants; full-funding is provided for the "21st Century Librarians Initiative." On the museum side of the IMLS, the House recommended $20.7 million for the "Museums for America" program and $450,000 for museum assessment programs. In the Senate, a total of $262.242 million is recommended for the IMLS with similar (though not identical to the House
mark-up) funding allocations being set aside for the various IMLS program components.

For the National Archives and Records Administration, the House recommended
$318.281 million, a decrease from the president's FY 2005 request of
$320.041 but $9 million above the FY 2004 enacted operating budget. The House recommended the president's request of $3 million for the National Historical Publications and Records Administration (NHPRC). If permitted to stand these numbers would insure significant belt-tightening for most NARA programs. By contrast, in the Senate, in response to a concerted lobby effort by supporters of the NHPRC, the funds set aside for grants was elevated to $5 million with NARA set to get $320.041 million. NHPRC funding may well rise when the Treasury bill goes to conference. In both the House and Senate, funding of about $36 million is provided to advance the electronic records initiative. Other funds are present to address other storage and preservation needs, to enhance technology infrastructure, and to construct or improve NARA and presidential library facilities in a half-dozen states.

In the Congressional reports for the massive Department of Interior bill (see H. Rept. 108-542 and S. Rept. 108-341), the House is recommending for the National Endowment for the Humanities some $141.8 million for grants and administration -- an increase of nearly $6.5 million above the 2004 level, but $23.5 million below the president's budget request.
Specifically, due to "inadequate resources to expand [the program this year]" the House recommended against the administration's recommended $23 million increase sought for the "We the People" American history initiative. The Senate recommended an appropriation of $135.3 million, in essence "flat funding" for the NEH. The Senate also stated that "[B]udget constraints have prevented the Committee from providing additional funds to expand the agency's "We the People" American history initiative." Chairman Cole and his staff, nevertheless, will continue to do what they can to expand and advance the program initiative within the framework of Congressional directives.

For the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars -- the agency that supports dozens of scholarly activities at home and abroad -- the House is recommending $8.9 million, nearly a half million dollars above the FY 2004 enacted level. The Senate concurred with the House mark and consequently, the Center's funding level will not be an issue of discussion in any future conference on the Department of Interior and Related Agencies funding bill.

The same can be said for the agency that furthers the national policy of preserving historic and cultural resources -- the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. For this small agency the House recommended $4.6 million for operations, an increase of $649,000 above the FY 2004 level needed to cover fixed costs. The Senate also concurred in this funding level.

The Historic Preservation Fund (HPF), is a special pool of money that supports a variety of historic preservation service related functions, including grants to the states. For FY 2005, the House recommended $71 million for the HPF -- a decrease of just over $2 million below last year's enacted level but $6 million below the president's FY 2005 request. If the House funding scenario is adopted without modification, some $34.57 million would be allocated for the state historic preservation offices, $2.963 million for tribal grants, and $30 million for the "Save America's Treasures" program. Much to the chagrin of the administration, the committee provided zero funding for the new "Preserve America" program, a new preservation initiative strongly supported by the Advisory Council for Historic Preservation. By contrast, the Senate recommended only $100,000 more than the House did for the HPF -- $71.250 million -- but the upper chamber allocated the funds far more creatively. For the stateside program the Senate responded favorably to a concerted effort by preservationists to increase the grant funding: a $3.430 million increase for state grants is proposed. The Senate recommended a decrease of $10 million to the Preserve America initiative but in order not to totally kill the administration's new initiative, the Senate made a stipulation that $2 million out of the "Save America's Treasures" initiative be used to fund "Preserve America"
pilot grants.

For the management of the Smithsonian Institution -- an assemblage of some
18 museums, galleries, and a zoological park (mostly located in the Washington D.C. metropolitan area) the House recommended $628 million, an increase of about $32 million. Decreases are proposed for the new National Museum of African American History and Culture and for institution-wide facility operations, security, and digital infrastructure. The Senate recommended figures below the president's budget request but slightly higher than FY 2004 enacted levels. The Senate bill provides increases for the National Air and Space Museum and the newly opened National Museum of the American Indian.

For the National Park Service, the federal agency with responsibility for many of the nation's heritage resources including several hundred historic sites and battlefields, the House is recommending $1.609 billion for "operations" of the National Park System -- the same as the president's request and some $76.507 million above the enacted level. In its report the House expressed concern about allocation of resources within the NPS and the impact that such allocations are having on core operating programs of the parks. Thus, the House recommended against "any new initiatives or expanding non-essential programs." The Senate recommended almost $1.69 billion for park operations, a slight increase over the budget request and some $79.355 million over the FY 2004 enacted level. The Senate increase, however, provides for a doubling of the administration's request for park base operations, a move welcomed by field rangers but sure to cause consternation among speciality program managers whose programs will absorb the impact of the base park increases.

With nearly all the budget recommendations now in place, agency managers are relieved to know what they can expect to have appropriated to their agencies when Congress finishes work on the budget after the election, but they are not necessarily happy about it. But given the enormous deficit, the ever increasing cost of the Iraq war and other "untouchable" social programs (medicare and social security for example), most history and archive agency managers can be grateful that their programs were not zeroed out entirely as were many other domestic programs.

3. WAXMAN INTRODUCES OPEN GOVERNMENT BILL On 20 September 2004, Representative Henry Waxman (D-CA) Ranking Minority member of the House Governmental Reform Committee, introduced legislation (H.R. 5073), the Restore Open Government Act of 2004. Waxman's bill seeks to restore the presumption that agencies release requested documents absent an identified harm under FOIA. The bill would also narrow the secrets that businesses could keep when submitting reports on problems and vulnerabilities in our transportation, energy and communications infrastructure ("critical infrastructure information") to the Department of Homeland Security. It also reverses the Bush executive order (E.O. 13233) on presidential records and seeks to ensure openness when the president obtains advice through committees such as Vice-President Cheney's energy policy task force.

Rep. Waxman believes that the Bush Administration "has repeatedly rewritten laws and changed practices to reduce public and congressional scrutiny of its activities....The cumulative effect is an unprecedented assault on the laws that make our government open and accountable."

Along with the legislation, a major new congressional report, "Secrecy in the Bush Administration," was issued by the House Government Reform Committee minority. This report provides an exhaustive critique of executive branch secrecy, from various well-known issues such as the controversy surrounding the vice-president's Energy Task Force to numerous less-known measures to block congressional access to agency records. The full text of the 14 September 12004 investigative report on "Secrecy in the Bush Administration" is posted at:

Harpers Ferry National Historical Park Boundary Revision Act of 2004: On
13 September 2004, the House passed legislation (S. 1576) clearing the way for the president to approve a major long-awaited boundary revision for the Harpers Ferry National Historical Park. On 3 September 2003, Senator Robert C. Byrd (D-WV) originally introduced this legislation that was some ten years in the making. The legislation revises the park's legislative boundary to include lands originally purchased by the federal government for a major Fish and Wildlife Training Center. The new boundary will also encompass significant battlefield lands associated with Stonewall Jackson's assault on Harpers Ferry in September 1862, just prior to the battle of Antietam, that are now owned by several battlefield preservation organizations.

National Heritage Partnership Act: On 15 September 2004, the Senate passed the National Heritage Partnership Act (2543), a bill, which was originally introduced on 17 June 2004 by Senator Craig Thomas (R-WY). If enacted this bill will establish a program and criteria for establishing and funding National Heritage Areas in the United States. Currently S. 2543 has been referred to the House Committee on Resources for consideration and action.

Manhattan Project National Historical Park Study Act: On 17 September 2004, the Senate passed legislation (S. 1687) that directs the Secretary of the Interior to conduct a study of the historically significant sites associated with the Manhattan Project. These studies are to assess the national significance, suitability, and feasibility of designating one or more sites as a unit of the National Park System (NPS). The sites that will be studied include the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, the Hanford Site in the State of Washington, and the Oak Ridge Reservation in Tennessee. The Secretary of the Interior is to submit to Congress a report on the findings of the study including conclusions and recommendations relating to a proposed national park unit. The measure has been sent to the House for consideration and action.

National Aviation Heritage Area Act: On 15 September 2004, the Senate passed legislation (S. 180) introduced by Senator Michael DeWine (R-OH) on
16 January 2003. If enacted S. 180 would establish within the states of Ohio and Indiana the National Aviation Heritage Area. The proposed management entity of this area, the Aviation Heritage Foundation, Inc., is required by this bill to submit a management plan that provides for the protection, enhancement, and interpretation of the natural, cultural, historic, scenic, and recreational resources of the proposed heritage area. The Secretary of Interior is to provide funding and technical assistance for this project.

Kate Mullany National Historic Site Act: On 15 September 2004, the Senate passed the Kate Mullany National Historic Site Act (S.1241), legislation that will establish the Kate Mullany National Historic Site in Troy, New York. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-NY) originally introduced this bill on 11 June 2003. The legislation has been sent to the House where it has been referred to the House Committee on Resources for
consideration. Companion legislation -- H.R. 305 -- is still pending in
the House. The last major House action on H.R. 305 was on 14 September
2004 when the Subcommittee on National Parks, Recreation, and Public Lands conducted a hearing on the proposal.

Lewis and Clark National Historical Park: On 15 September 2004, the Senate passed the Lewis and Clark National Historical Park Act of 2004 (S. 2167), legislation that establishes the Lewis and Clark National Park in the states of Washington and Oregon. This bill was original introduced by Senator Maria Cantwell (D-WA) on 3 March 2004. It is being held at the desk of the House of Representatives for action.

Sand Creek Massacre National Historical Site: On 15 September 2004, the Senate passed the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site Trust Act of
2004 (S. 2173). This bill was original introduced by Senator Ben Nighthorse Campbell (R-CO) on 8 March 2004. This legislation authorizes the United States to take into trust certain land in Kiowa County, Colorado, owned by the Cheyenne and Arapaho Indian Tribes of Oklahoma and directs the tribes to convey title to the Dawson Ranch to the United States. It is to become part of the tribes' Indian Reservation. The ranch can only be used for historic, religious, or cultural uses that are compatible with the use of the land as a national historic site. The bill has been referred to the House Committee on Resources.

Item # 1--Battlefield Grant Program Announced: The National Park Service's Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) has released the American Battlefield Protection Program 2005 Funding Application. The purpose of this program is to provide seed money for projects that lead directly to the preservation of battlefield land and/or their associated sites. The application form and guidelines are available in electronic format and can be found on the ABPP web site at: http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/abpp .

Item # 2 -- NARA Proposed Rule: The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) has published a proposed rule and is seeking comments from Federal agencies and the public on a proposed revision to its regulations to allow unscheduled records to be transferred to records storage facilities. These changes would allow agencies to transfer unscheduled records in a timely manner. Comments are due on or before 16 November 2004. To access the proposed rule go to:
(PDF file) or http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

One posting this week -- the final UNESCO report on "Gender and Intangible Heritage" derived from the December 2003 meeting addressing the accommodation of gender in the process of safeguarding intangible heritage.
For the report, tap into:

The National Coalition for History invites you to subscribe to this FREE weekly newsletter! You are also encouraged to redistribute the NCH Washington Updates to colleagues, friends, teachers, students and others who are interested in history and archives issues. A complete backfile of these reports is maintained by H-Net on the NCH's recently updated web page
at: http//www2.h-net.msu.edu/~nch .

To subscribe to the "NCH Washington Update," send an e-mail message to:
listserv@h-net.msu.edu with the following text in the body of the message (and only this text) SUBSCRIBE H-NCH firstname lastname, institution. To unsubscribe, send an e-mail message to: listserv@h-net.msu.edu according to the following modelSIGNOFF H-NCH.

You can accomplish the same tasks by tapping into the web interface at:
http://www2.h-net.msu.edu/lists/subscribe.cgi and at the "network" prompt, scroll down and select H-NCH; enter your name and affiliation and "submit".

HNN - 9/23/2004

Report on the Central Awqaf Library
Report on the Central Library of Baghdad University / Al-Waziriya

The Middle East Librarians Committee on Iraqi Libraries has received permission to publish the following two reports, one on the damage done to the Central library of Baghdad University / Al-Waziriyya, the second on the Central Awqaf library in Baghdad. The two reports were written by one of the most energetic archivists working in Iraq today, Mr. Zain Al-Naqshbandi. He is primarily responsible for the investigation and content of the two reports. The report on the Waqf library is certified by Mr. Salah Karim Hussein, the head of the Library, Mr. Asim Dawud Al-Khattab, a specialist in libraries (with five degrees in library and information science) and Mr. Muhibb Al-Din Yasin Ibrahim, one of the employees of the manuscripts section of the Awqaf library who was able to save 109 manuscripts, and find a further five in the post-looting stage. The reports were transmitted to the committee by Hala Fattah, who also prepared the English translations.

The full English and Arabic text of these reports appears on-line at:

Zain Al-Naqshbandi
Report on the Central Awqaf Library

This is the oldest turathi (heritage) and cultural institution in Iraq. Its collection consists of waqfiyyas (endowment documents) of important personages and contains 6,500 mss in all fields of knowledge. The library also had a collection of 45,000 printed books, of which 6,000 were books in the Ottoman script. There were also three collections of medical books in the Central Awqaf library; each collection possessed close to 4,000 medical books. ONLY 5,000 MSS REMAIN. THE REST HAVE BEEN LOOTED OR COMPLETELY BURNED.

The materials that were stolen from the Library:

* 1,477 mss in all fields of knowledge.
* 5 Rizzo machines.
* Bookbinding equipment.
* Two photocopy machines.
* A Reader
* One English/Arabic typewriter.
* A mimeograph machine.
* A refrigerator in which microfilms were stored.
* 12 air conditioners.
* 12 air conditioning split units.
* 10 fans.
* 45 rare manuscript canvasses.

What was burned:

* 70 teakwood book cases donated by the Gulbenkian Foundation.
* The largest air conditioning unit in the library.
* A microfilm reader (for 35 mm. films).
* A microfilm reader (for 16 mm. films).
* A reader typewriter (?).
* 45,000 rare books and periodicals.
* 5,00 books in Ottoman script.
* 5,000 medical books (obviously part of two awqaf collections belonging to individuals bequeathed to the Central Awqaf library).
* 5,300 books in Ja'afari ( Shi'i) fiqh or jurisprudence.
* 60 steel cabinets.
* 120teakwood chairs.
* 18 reading tables.

No party or humanitarian organization has helped in returning this civilizational (turathi) legacy to Iraq. We appeal to honorable people to offer their services to this library which is counted as one of the oldest cultural institutions in Iraq, taking into consideration the fact that the conditions in this library are the same as those in other Iraqi libraries, whether burned or not burned. The Central Awqaf library must be rebuilt, renovated and refurbished according to the most up-to-date international standards in terms of library collections, equipment and furniture. These include all services and a fully equipped library (with photocopying machines, microfilm readers etc.etc) Internet facilities, digital cameras and other such equipment so that the library can offer its services to its readers and researchers in the proper manner.

Signed by Salah Karim Husain, the Director of the Library; Asim Dawud Al-Khattab, library expert (with five international degrees in library science), and Muhib Al-Din Yassin Ibrahim, an employee in the mss section who rescued (an untold number of) mss from the Iraqi Scientific Academy ( al-majma' al-ilmi al-iraqi), 109 missing mss ( I'm not sure if he means that they belonged to the majma' or to the Central Awqaf library; the text is unclear) and found 5 missing mss (again, I'm not sure in which library).

Zain Al-Naqshbandi
Report on the Central Library of Baghdad University / Al-Waziriya

The library was established in 1959, and is considered the second largest library in Baghdad after the National Library. It comprises three-quarter-of-a million publications consisting of the greatest reference works in the Arabic language and foreign languages, as well as periodicals, and many individual titles. It is also the chief repository for Master's theses and PhD dissertations produced at Baghdad University. Finally, it holds several ancient books, especially foreign ones.

What was Stolen and Burned:

* Close to 20 computers
* Photocopy machines
* Typewriters
* Refrigerators, air conditioners, split units, home heaters (sobat).
* Only 1% of the books were stolen.

What was Burned:

* The card catalogue on the 1rst floor, and the effects of the fire are still visible.
* Some wiring was burned but workers were able to reconnect the power on a temporary basis so that students can still work in the library and have access to the sources they require.
* No responsible authority has visited the library with the exception of the University President's one visit, and this after hours. He did not visit the burned first floor, or so the workers at the library informed me.
* An Engineering team was drafted to gauge the damage and to repair it from last Ramadan, but up till now nothing has been heard or seen of their repair initiative.
* On the other hand, many newspaper and media outlets have written investigative reports in the following newspapers: Tariq al-Shaab, Al-Nahda, Al-Da'wa, and Majallat Al al-Bayt, all of whom demanded the authorities to repair the library, but to no avail.
* The Iraqi tv station visited the library and filmed it (on the same day as the funeral of the President of the Governing Council, Izz Al-Din Saleem, may God have mercy on him).
* An American librarian visited the library, along with her interpreter, and offered to help repair and renovate the library but since the staff of the library did not have a mandate to come to a decision on their own (laysu ashab al-qarar), they passed along the information to the main library on al-Jadiriya campus which then contacted the President of the University, which refused the American librarian's offer, saying they already had a set amount specified in reserve (al-mablagh marsud) to repair the library!
* The library staff and researchers are all waiting for succor (faraj).

Omissions, Suggestions and Demands:

* To rapidly repair and renovate the library (things missing: doors, windows, floors, paint, electrical appliances; the summer recess will be a good time to do this).
* Re-equipping the library with photocopiers and computers.
* The institution of a central air conditioning and heating system.
* Create an Internet hub in the library.
* Reopen the department of gifts and exchanges (before the Iran-Iraq war, this department used to correspond with 400 cultural institutes around the world).
* Buy a large generator to be used when power is down.
* The library staff are not included in cultural exchange and visits with other centers of learning, as if the library were a private institute and not a government university (this is the feeling of the staff).
* The library atmosphere is unhealthy because of the consequences of the fire.

The Fight Against the White Ants / Termites (urdha) that have Burrowed into the Library Walls: ( Translator's Note: The English name for this wood-eating worm is white ant; it is a worm that burrows in the walls of buildings and literally eats through them; Iraq is infested with them. They are thought to be the result of the importation of Asian woods in the thirties and forties).

Because the colleges (on the campus of Baghdad University, Bab al-Muazzam/al-Waziriyya such as the College of Education / Ibn Rushd, College of Education / Ibn al-Haytham, the College of Arts and Sciences, the College of Languages, the College of Journalism / Media Studies, and the College of Islamic Sciences) were not moved to al-Jadiriyya (the central campus), the library of the Bab al-Muazzam / al-Waziriyya campus should be separated from the library on al-Jadiriyya campus, both administratively and financially. There was in fact a separation of both libraries from 1991 to 1995. At that time, there was a race between the two library administrations to maximize and to develop library services, each in their fields. There is a feeling between researchers and staff at the Baghdad University library in al-Waziriya / Bab al-Muazzam that this library is neglected, so much so that the Head of the Library only visits it each month.

* The library needs to be restocked with recent books in the Arabic language and in foreign languages, in addition to films, slides, projectors and digital cameras.
* The library needs laser discs[?] (aqras layzarat) of journals in history, geography, Qur'anic studies, jurisprudence, religious studies and other subjects,
* The library needs to re-subscribe to Iraqi, Arab and international periodicals.
* It needs to build a new (organizational and cultural?) base for conferences and meetings.
* From my extensive knowledge of this library, and my use of it for over 20 years, I now have a feeling that this library has been neglected in a large way and there have been several attempts to shut it down and move it to al-Jadriya campus. This would be an irresponsible action and would not take into consideration the following :
* Most of the Liberal Arts colleges are situated in Bab al-Muazzam, close to this library, and this library is considered the sole resource for students, researchers and professors, from every department and school, of which the following:
* The second College of Education / Ibn Rushd which comprises the departments of Arabic language, History, Geography, Psychology, Kurdish language, Sociology and Islamic Education.
* The College of Languages which comprises the departments of English, French, Spanish, Italian, German, and the Oriental languages such as Farsi, Turkish, Arabic and Kurdish.
* The College of Arts which comprises the departments of Sociology, Psychology, Geography, History, Arabic, English, Translation.
* The College of Journalism and Media Studies which comprises the departments of Journalism, Radio Broadcasting and television.
* The College of Shari'ah (Islamic Law) which comprises the departments of jurisprudence, al-da'wa (the call), Arabic language, Islamic education, Qur'anic sciences/ Teaching.

The question that immediately imposes itself is why should the interests of thousands of students, researchers and professors be hurt by the move of the library to al-Jadiriya campus.


Chuck Jones
IraqCrisis Moderator

HNN - 9/23/2004

Contact: Shelley McCaffrey

PHILADELPHIA- The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, home to America's artists, celebrates its 200th Anniversary in 2005 with a yearlong series of exhibitions, events, family activities and more. The Pennsylvania Academy, established by artist Charles Willson Peale, is the oldest art school and museum of fine arts in the nation.

The 200th Anniversary Celebration begins with an elaborate gala on Jan. 8.
Throughout the month, special programs in the galleries, classes in new studios on the upper floors and trunk shows in Portfolio at the Pennsylvania Academy*, the new street-level shop fronting on Broad Street, will showcase the campus at the intersection of Philadelphia's Avenue of the Arts and "museum mile."

On Jan. 11, 2005, the Academy's new Samuel M.V. Hamilton Building opens to the public with In Full View: American Painting and Sculpture (1720-2005) and The Chemistry of Color: The Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti Collection of Contemporary African American Art. These spectacular exhibitions reveal the Academy's impressive collection of American art, set in new contemporary spaces of the Hamilton Building and in the High Victorian Gothic architecture of the historic landmark building.

In an effort to reach new visitors, members, students and art enthusiasts, the Academy will host a myriad of groundbreaking exhibitions, academic symposia, family events, galas and more throughout 2005. With the partnership of cultural institutions, hotels, media and tourism organizations, the Pennsylvania Academy's 200th Anniversary Celebration will have a projected $10 million economic impact on the Philadelphia region. A full schedule of events is available at www.pafa.org\200calendar.jsp.

Premiere 200th Anniversary items to be offered in Portfolio* include a "Women's Work" calendar featuring works by female artists affiliated with the Academy.

Exhibitions during the 200th Anniversary Celebration include:

* In Full View: American Painting and Sculpture (1720-2005),
the largest and most comprehensive showing of the Academy's collections in history. This exhibition fills nearly every gallery in the Academy's historic landmark and Samuel M. V. Hamilton buildings.
Jan. 11-April 10, 2005

* The Chemistry of Color: The Harold A. and Ann R. Sorgenti
Collection of Contemporary African American Art, the first comprehensive showing of works given by the Sorgentis in 1999. The Chemistry of Color includes works by Romare Bearden, Jacob Lawrence, Faith Ringgold, Sam Gilliam and others that represent turning points in the development of African American art. The collection will be shown in the new contemporary galleries of the Hamilton Building.
Jan. 11-April 10, 2005

* Point of Sight: Thomas Eakins's Drawing Manual
Reconstructed. Through his years as an instructor at the Pennsylvania Academy, Thomas Eakins compiled his lectures and illustrations into a manuscript for a drawing instruction manual, which was never published during his lifetime. Point of Sight reveals these original illustrations more than one hundred years later, accompanying the first publication of Eakins's drawing manual, edited by Dr. Kathleen Foster at the Center for American Art at the Philadelphia Museum of Art. The elegant pen and ink drawings include measurements, scales, geometric formulae and additional mechanics.
Feb. 26-April 3, 2005

* Over the past several years, San Francisco artist Eamon
Ore-Giron has explored through his work an imaginary world he calls Arizonia, suspended somewhere between utopia and distopia. For the Morris Gallery at the Pennsylvania Academy, Ore-Giron will develop a new installation in a painting style that blends contemporary graphic design, folk and tourist art, and surrealism and social satire. Ore-Giron creates a fictionalized vision of the American West.
March 5-May 15

* 104th Annual Student Exhibition & 13th Annual Graduate
Thesis Exhibition, held for the first time in the contemporary spaces of the Hamilton Building. An expansive showing of more than 1,000 paintings, sculptures, prints and works on paper, the student exhibitions introduce the most recent work of advanced and award-winning students-the future of American art.
May 7-29, 2005

* Light, Line and Color: American Works on Paper (1765-2005)
reveals hundreds of delicate masterworks from the Academy's collection of more than 12,000 works on paper-rarely permitted to see the light of day.
Light, Line and Color offers a rare look at influential artists such as John Singleton Copley, John Audubon, Winslow Homer, Mary Cassatt, Andrew Wyeth, Claes Oldenburg, Andy Warhol and more.
June 25-Sept. 4, 2005

* In Private Hands: 200 Years of American Painting is a major
exhibition drawn from private collections across the nation. Through the generosity of America's most important collectors, the Academy has gathered
- for a limited time - iconic American works only rarely seen by the public.

Oct. 1, 2005-Jan. 8, 2006

* Ellen Harvey: Mirror. Brooklyn artist Ellen Harvey uses
video projection, faux-finishing techniques and mirrors hung salon-style in a site-specific installation. Mirror is a stunning contemporary installation addressing the building's High Victorian Gothic architecture, aspects of works in the collection and the pedagogical tradition of copying art. This project has been supported by a grant from the Philadelphia Exhibitions Initiative, a program funded by The Pew Charitable Trusts and administered by the University of the Arts, Philadelphia.
Oct. 15, 2005-Jan. 8, 2006

Exhibitions open with a member preview and private opening reception.
Docent-led tours and family workshops, Art-at-Lunch presentations and artist visits complement each exhibition. Illustrated full-color catalogs will accompany The Chemistry of Color and In Private Hands.

In addition, the principal 200th Anniversary publication, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts: 200 Years of Excellence, 1805-2005, explores the Academy's rich history, catalogs much of the permanent collection and details the two campus buildings. Publications also include American
Originals: The Vivian O. and Meyer P. Potamkin Collection to be released Nov. 15, 2004.

Special events during the 200th Anniversary Celebration include:

* Portfolio at the Pennsylvania Academy*: sophisticated
shopping on the Avenue of the Arts (Grand Opening Sunday, Nov. 14, 2004)
* 200th Anniversary Gala: grand opening of the Samuel M. V.
Hamilton Building and preview of the opening exhibitions. Following cocktails in the Academy's historic landmark building, revelers will proceed under canopies across Cherry Street for dinner in the second-floor painting and sculpture galleries of the new Hamilton Building. Later, they will be joined by Young Friends of the Academy for dancing in the first-floor galleries and public spaces. Presenting Sponsor of the gala is the Wachovia Foundation; Verizon and Tiffany & Co. are Supporting Sponsors. (Saturday, Jan. 8)
* Open Studio Night: students and faculty open studio doors to
reveal works in progress (Friday, Feb. 4)
* Philadelphia Flower Show (America the Beautiful): with the
Pennsylvania Horticultural Society, competitive classes feature room designs based on works from the Academy's collections. (March 6-13)
* Symposium: Arthur B. Carles and the Philadelphia Tradition
of Color (March 12)
* Fools for Art: late-night party with music, dancing and
special programs (Friday, April 1)
* Spring Gala: Celebrate the Arts! to benefit the Academy and
the Princess Grace Foundation-USA (Saturday, May 14)
* 14th annual USArtists: American Fine Art Show: the largest
showing of original American works worldwide, presented by the Women's Board of the Pennsylvania Academy (Oct. 20-23)
* 7th annual Wine Auction: celebrating the marriage of fine
art and fine wine (Saturday, Nov. 5)
* Holiday Print Sale: original works by Academy printmaking
students, all under $100 (Friday, Dec. 2)
* Closing Celebration: historic re-enactment of the Academy
charter signing at Independence Hall, followed by a reception before the Dream Garden mosaic at The Curtis Center (Monday,
Dec. 26)

Family Days are planned for Jan. 15 and April 9, with a series of workshops and children's art activities.

On December 26, 1805, painter Charles Willson Peale and 70 prominent Philadelphians gathered at Independence Hall to sign the charter of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Two hundred years later, the Pennsylvania Academy is the oldest museum and school of fine arts in the nation and remains home to America's artists-at the heart of art education and American art exhibition in a city that finds its identity in cultural history. The Academy's 1876 historic landmark building (designed by architects Frank Furness and George Hewitt) and the newly renovated Samuel M.V. Hamilton Building (exterior restoration and interior by Dagit-Saylor Architects of Philadelphia) house what is arguably the finest collection of American art in the nation.

The new 11-story Hamilton Building encompasses 300,000 sq.-ft. and more than doubles the Academy's exhibition space. Teaching facilities and studio space on the upper floors enable the Academy to grow enrollment by one-third to 400 students by the 2007-2008 school year.

The Hamilton Building is home to a range of fine art education facilities designed to enhance natural light, utilize the building's vantage point in the center of Philadelphia's cityscape, and provide top quality instruction.
New spaces include classrooms, private studios for undergraduate and graduate students as well as instructors, sculpture and printmaking shops, matting and framing shops, and a rooftop painting terrace.

In addition, the building boasts two floors of public gallery space in a contemporary style complementing the High Victorian Gothic historic landmark building. Exhibition galleries include the 7,000 square-foot Fisher Brooks Gallery and matching gallery one floor above, as well as a Foyer Gallery framing the grand staircase connecting to an Atrium Gallery above. A 3,750 sq.-ft. second-floor Sculpture Gallery overlooks the Avenue of the Arts.

The Academy also introduces a Sculpture Study Center, the first resource of its kind in Philadelphia. The Center will provide an opportunity for art students to observe, replicate and draw from scores of original sculptures in the Academy's collections. The Sculpture Study Center includes glass-enclosed display cases, drawing area and study space.

Programming during the 200th Anniversary Celebration is supported in part by a grant from the Pew Exhibitions Initiative. Renovations to the Academy's historic landmark building are funded by a grant from the Richard C. von Hess Foundation. Renovations to the Academy's contemporary Morris Gallery were made possible by a grant from the William Penn Foundation. The Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts receives state funding support through a grant from the Pennsylvania Council on the Arts, a state agency funded by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the National Endowment for the Arts, a federal agency.

Academy hours are Tuesday through Saturday, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., and Sunday 11 a.m. to 5 p.m. The Academy is located at Broad and Cherry Streets in Philadelphia, two blocks north of City Hall. Admission in 2005 is $7 adults,
$6 seniors and students with ID, $5 children/youth ages 5-18, and free for members and children under age 5. Higher rates may apply for special exhibitions.

For event reservations or to become a member, contact the Academy at 215-972-7630 or membership@pafa.org. For additional information, visit www.pafa.org or call 215-972-7600.

# # # #

Founded in 1805, the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts has been home to America's artists for 200 years. The Academy collects and exhibits the work of distinguished American artists, and is renowned for training fine artists. Notable alumni include Rembrandt Peale, William Harnett, Mary Cassatt, Thomas Eakins, Cecilia Beaux, Henry Tanner, Maxfield Parrish, Robert Henri, John Sloan, Violet Oakley, John Marin, Arthur B. Carles, Charles Sheeler, Charles Demuth, Robert Gwathmey, Edna Andrade, Jody Pinto, Vincent Desiderio, Sarah McEneaney and filmmaker David Lynch. With a current enrollment of nearly 300 full-time students, the school will grow to 400 full-time students by the 2007-2008 academic year. Outreach programs reach an additional 16,000 children and adults annually. Under the leadership of Donald R. Caldwell, Board Chairman, and Derek A. Gillman, President and the Edna S. Tuttleman Director, the Pennsylvania Academy has completed the first phase of its $50 million capital campaign goal to create a new campus at Broad and Cherry Streets, bringing all elements of the school and galleries together for the first time in 40 years.

Michelle C. McCaffrey
Public Relations Manager
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts
1301 Cherry St.
Philadelphia, PA 19107
fax 215-972-2300