World War 2

  • The Pope at War: Pius XII and the Vatican's Secret Archives

    by James Thornton Harris

    David Kertzer's book argues that defenders of Pope Pius XII's actions during the Holocaust mistake his defense of the prerogatives of the Catholic Church for a defense of the victims of Nazi persecution and genocide. 

  • Two Black GI's Deaths Show the Racism in the WWII Military

    Allen Leftridge and Frank Glenn were shot and killed by military police for asking a French Red Cross worker for donuts. The aftermath showed the administrative and bureaucratic racism of the military supported and protected individual prejudice in the ranks.

  • Mussolini in Myth and Memory

    by Paul Corner

    Italians' recollection of Mussolini and the Fascist regime embody the replacement of historical memory with national mythology—a mythology that dismisses both the violence of the dictatorship and Italians' collective responsibility for it and enables the resurgence of the far right today.

  • Writing My Father Into History

    by Stephen G. Rabe

    As a child, the author developed an interest in history by hearing his father's stories on the journey from parachuting in to Normandy to the Brandenburg Gate and the occupation of Berlin. But he waited until retirement to research and write about them. 

  • The Wartime Service and Postwar Activism of One Latino Veteran

    by Ricardo Romo

    For Veteran's Day, a historian shares photos, and the history, of his father's wartime experiences. Like many of his compatriots, Henry Romo was reluctant to discuss those experiences, but drew on them to work for equal citizenship at home. 

  • How America Short-Changed Black WWII Vets, and Why it Still Matters

    by Matthew Delmont

    Black servicemembers immediately understood the insulting dismissal of their contributions to the war against fascism. But their exclusion, by legislative design and administrative discrimination, from the postwar benefits white veterans enjoyed was the longer-lasting harm. 

  • Matthew Delmont Examines How Black Americans Saw the Second World War

    For Black Americans, everything about the second world war looked different, including the start date, which the Black press dated to the Italian invasion of Ethiopia in 1935. A new book centers the issue of global racism in a narrative of the conflict. 

  • TikTok Spurs Frenzy over Fake Photos of Nanjing Atrocities

    A Minnesota antiques dealer's mistake in identifying historical photos in a donated album intersected with the virality of social media and the still-raw international resentments over Japanese atrocities during its conquest and occupation of China to create a fake history furor. 

  • My Husband the War Criminal

    The posthumous release of Nancy Dougherty's biography of the Nazi secret police chief emphasizes his bureaucratic cunning. Does it minimize his ideological commitment to Nazism, or the crimes he carried out?